Support to Democratic Governance Process in East Timor: EU Media Program in East Timor

Where
Portugal
When
2016
Who
IPAD (currently Camões- Instituto da Cooperação e da Língua, IP), by delegation of the European Commission.
The technical execution of the activities was the result of specific cooperation protocols signed between Camões, the Secretary of State of the Council of Ministers of the Democratic Republic of East Timor, National radio and TV
Key objectives of the measure:

Encourage the development of free, plural and independent media, thus strengthening diversity, protection of human rights and good governance. “The overall objective is to strengthen democratic foundations of oversight/accountability and transparency through institutional and capacity development in Parliament, Judiciary and Media, including joining efforts between them, by specifically addressing the shortage of skilled human resources, which constitutes one of the causes of fragility in the country, and through dissemination of better information about legislation, the judiciary and security sector activities.” (Financing Agreement nº TL/FED/22100)

The main objectives cover 5 different areas:

1. Legislation - Media activity framed by legislative package
To accompany and participate in the preparation of diplomas establishing the bases of regulation of the media sector in Timor-Leste

2. Self-regulation - journalistic activity regulated by self-regulation procedures / codes
To monitor and participate in the preparation of self-regulatory mechanisms for journalistic activity in Timor-Leste

3. Training - Journalists trained in the transmission of reliable information to the public, thus contributing to the increase of media literacy, economic and financial literacy and legal literacy in order to promote knowledge of the population
Provide journalists and media professionals with specialized training, using experts

4. Public Information - Disseminate information on the activities of the Government, the Parliament, the Chamber of Accounts and the Police, with the aim of improving the knowledge of the population about state action, strengthening democratic bases.
To produce and disseminate four public information campaigns to strengthen the population's knowledge of the role of the four institutions (Government, Parliament, Chamber of Accounts, Justice and Police) and the democratic system

5. Collective Memory - Reinforce the cultural identity of Timor-Leste through the recovery and protection of RTTL files
Scan and protect RTTL audio-visual files

Scope of the measure:
International
Nature of the measure:
legislative, regulatory, institutional
Main feature of the measure:

Improving the overall situation of the media sector in Timor Leste. The Program (that lasted from 2012 to 2015) provided several training courses (more than one thousand of hours of classes) to journalists and media professionals in Dili, it started an exchange student program for students of journalism between the National University of Timor Leste and the Catholic University of Portugal. At the legislative level, the program provided technical advice and assistance to the group responsible for drafting the new Media Law, which was promulgated and published on the 19th of November, 2014. The Program also promoted the holding of the first National Congress of Journalists of Timor-Leste, in which one of the goals of the Program was fulfilled: the approval and signing of a universal Code of Ethics for all journalists in Timor-Leste. The Program also provided the means to digitize the archives of the Public Television of Timor Leste (RTTL) and secured specialized training for its journalists and personnel. The Program also created a specialized library in the matters of media and Portuguese language in Dili. It has also produced media campaigns aimed at providing the population with a better knowledge of the functioning of state bodies through the distribution of information leaflets and the broadcasting of radio and television programs.

Results expected through the implementation of the measure:

1. Legislation - Media activity framed by legislative package
2. Self-regulation - journalistic activity regulated by self-regulation procedures / codes
3. Training - Journalists trained in the transmission of reliable information to the public, thus contributing to the increase of media literacy, economic and financial literacy and legal literacy in order to promote knowledge of the population
4. Public Information - Disseminate information on the activities of the Government, the Parliament, the Chamber of Accounts and the Police, with the aim of improving the knowledge of the population about state action, strengthening democratic bases.
5. Collective Memory - Reinforce the cultural identity of Timor-Leste through the recovery and protection of RTTL files

 

Financial resources allocated to implement the measure:

The program was funded by the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) under the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that allocated 1 million euros to implement the measures.

Main conclusions of the evaluation of the measure:

No data available

Indicators used to determine impact:
Number of consultations made to Civil Society for the implementation of diverse legislation related to Social Communication;% Of the population that perceives the media as reliable sources;% Penetration of the Written Press;% Penetration of the Public Radio and Television Station;Number of specific training courses targeted at journalists;Frequency rate of the courses and training;Level of satisfaction of students and the expert / teacher / trainer;Evaluation of lectured chairs;Number of students / trainees completing the courses successfully;Knowledge acquired by exchange students.Number of Community Radios supported by specific legislation;Number of meetings with local stakeholders carried out to define the legal framework of the Media;Legal framework for the Media promulgated and being inforced;Singing and approval of a self-regulation code;Number of hours of scanned and properly archived records;Number of employees qualified to scan contents correctly;Number of files consulted.Number of contents produced (leaflets, radio and television programs)Level of knowledge of the population regarding the topics covered by the contents that were produced.
Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Cultural Value Chain
Creation
Production
Distribution
Participation