Report on the Measurement of the Contribution of Culture Industries to Turkey's Economy

Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

To determine the policy for the sustainable development of the integration of the development of Turkey’s cultural industries within the scope of the “Project on the Measurement of the Contribution of Cultural Industries to Turkey’s Economy,” the potential of Turkey’s Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) based on copyright has been re-measured with up-to-date data (2015-2018) and the prepared report is shared with the public.

In the report, economic parameters such as the contribution of royalty-related industries to national employment, their share in gross domestic product and foreign trade revenues, and the tax contribution provided by the relevant industries are measured, and the results are presented in comparison with other countries. The results presented with the report are prepared strikingly in infographics and shared with the public.

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

With the Report on the Measurement of the Contribution of Cultural & Creative Industries to Turkey’s Economy;

• National policies for Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) in Turkey, besides the legal and institutional framework, is examined,

• A serious data analysis has been carried out to accurately reflect the data regarding the size of the cultural industries, one of the growth axes of Turkey in the 21st century, in Turkey’s national economy.

• The economic size of the CCI and their contribution to the economy have been compared with other sectors,

• A comparison of the economic size and economic contribution of cultural industries with those in some selected countries has been made,

• Criteria have been determined to determine the trend in the economic indicators (turnover, added value, employment, labor productivity, foreign trade) of the cultural industries and to monitor this trend in the future,

• Identification of factors affecting the economic size and development of CCI’s in Turkey,

• Thanks to the cooperation between institutions and sectors established with this study, the way for regularly keeping and updating the data regarding the economic size of the CCI’s in Turkey’s national economy has been paved.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
Ministry of Culture and Tourism / Ministry of Industry and Technology / Ministry of Trade /Ministry of Labour and Social Security /Turkish Statistics Institute / Ministry of Treasury and Finance
Public Sector
Culture and Arts CSO’s and NGO’ s / Culture-Arts Professional Organizations/ Copyright Collecting Societies / Universities / Research Centers
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 


 The share of the total added value created by the CCI in GDP has a progressive course between 2.61-2.88% in the last 10 years.

 The CCI's added value (at current prices) has increased by 297% from 2011 to 2018.

 As of 2018, more than half (about 57%) of the added value (at current prices) of CCI has been created by the software, computer games, and database industry.

 While the total export of CCI was 9,272,261,947 USD in 2011; in 2018, it increased to US $ 11,998,484,444. This corresponds to an increase of 29.40%. Turkey's total exports in the same period increased by 24.47%.

 The employment created by the CCI was determined as 4.34% of the total employment within the country.

 When the results obtained from the reports prepared to measure the economic contribution of the cultural industries in Turkey are evaluated together, since 2009, a structure is generally stable in the share in GDP of CCI in Turkey.

 Software, computer games, and the database sector lead the way in their contribution to value-added, employment, labor productivity, and export among the copyright-based industries, which are the most important element of Turkey’s cultural industries. The fact that Turkey’s population is young and has a high interest in this sector increases the expectations that this sector will become more assertive in global markets in the future. Supporting these sectors will significantly contribute to Turkey's economy in terms of both employment and added value.

 The most important characteristic of CCI is that they are based on creativity and intellectual effort and therefore have high added value. The CCI sectors also employ more than many other sectors. In this context, it is seen that CCI sectors have significant growth potential.

Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)