Promotion of Arts, Culture and Innovation (LOC — Arts. 24-103-105-110)

Ministry of Culture and Heritage
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

As one of the challenges included in the last report on compliance with the 2005 UNESCO Convention, the need for an Organic Law of Culture (LOC, in Spanish) that guarantees "cultural diversity, interculturality and cultural rights", on which sectoral public policy is legitimized and the institutional framework related to its implementation is streamlined, was highlighted. On December 30, 2016 the new Organic Law of Culture was published in Official Gazette Nro. 913. Its regulation was issued through Executive Decree 1428, published in Official Gazette, Volume 8, of June 06, 2017.
This Law organizes the National System of Culture through two subsystems: the Social Memory and Cultural Heritage Subsystem, and the Arts and Cultural Innovation Subsystem. This second subsystem aims, on the one hand, at renewing the institutional structure of the State through the creation of two institutes -The Cinema and Audiovisual Creation Institute ICCA (in Spanish), Ministerial Agreement No. DM-2017-052 dated August 09, 2017, and The Institute for the Promotion of Art, Innovation and Creativity IFAIC (in Spanish), Ministerial Agreement Nro. DM-2017-053 dated August 09, 2017-; and, on the other hand, at strengthening the use of the Fund for the Promotion of Arts, Culture and Innovation, established in Article 110 of the Organic Law of Culture.
These institutes are called upon to establish promotion lines coming from the Fund for the Promotion of Arts, Culture and Innovation. From this fund, resources of a non-refundable nature are allocated to cultural creators, producers and managers, in accordance with the regulations issued for this purpose, seeking the artistic, cultural and creative strengthening of our society, with high quality, diversity, territorial equity and interculturality criteria.
The Fund for the Promotion of Arts, Culture and Innovation will have the following funding lines:
(a) The Arts and Creativity Funding Line, managed by the Institute for the Promotion of Arts, Innovation and Creativity;
(b) The Cinematographic and Audiovisual Creation Funding Line, managed by the Cinema and Audiovisual Creation Institute;
c) Other funding lines that may be established by the culture governing body, intended for the fields of Social Memory and Heritage or others, in accordance with its competences.
Public calls are opened every year for the free application of citizens.

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

Since 2017, by means of the LOC, the entire National Cultural Promotion Fund System is being instrumentalized through the creation of the ascript culture public policy implementation institutes: the Institute for the Promotion of the Arts, Innovation and Creativity and the Cinema and Audiovisual Creation Institute.
The Regulation for the Use of the Promotion Fund was also created through an annual operational planning.

The reporting period shows the following number of projects promoted nationwide:

Year # Beneficiary projects
2016 170
2017 198
2018 284
2019 303
Total 1955
Source: 2020 Information Directorate of the National Culture System

The resulting cultural promotion policy, to a greater extent, focuses on the circulation and access of the following sectors:

Cinema and Audiovisual, performing arts and performance, literary arts and oral narration, music and sound arts, applied arts and design, plastic and visual arts.

Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Year Investment in Dollars
2016 US$1,782,177.02
2017 US$ 2,499,237.64
2018 US$3,621,212,00
2019 US$ 2,348,155.95
Total US$10,250,782.61
Source: 2020 Information Directorate of the National Culture System

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
Institute for the Promotion of Arts, Innovation and Creativity (IFAIC)
Public Sector
Cinema and Audiovisual Creation Institute (ICCA)
Public Sector
Various cultural artistic sectors of Ecuador
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

The measure was evaluated until before the LOC entered into force, i.e. until 2017. At the time of drafting this Quadrennial Periodic Report, the management of the Promotion Institutes has not been evaluated. However, it is considered appropriate to highlight relevant aspects of the conclusion and recommendation of the previous evaluation:

"(...) From the historical analysis of the allocations for Contest and Festival Funds it can be inferred that there are two types of concentrations, the first one linked to the territory and the second one linked to the sector. Our hypothesis regarding concentration in relation to territory is based on the following factors:

(i) access by users and applicants to the means of participation (offices of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage, reception and dispatch mechanisms to the headquarters, review logistics, etc.);
(ii) capacity building in relation to application mechanisms (there has historically been a closeness of bureaucratic tools to citizens in large cities);
(iii) dissemination of the application process in territory - since the on-site teams of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage are small, the diffusion of these processes is minimal.-

(...) It is necessary to explore the action territories and the strategic partnership between the public and private sectors, the self-financing and co-financing options and practices, and other possibilities that guarantee the sustainability of cultural projects, initiatives or practices. (2017 Information Directorate of the National Culture System)

Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)