The gender policy of the Republic of Belarus is based on generally accepted international norms enshrined by the UN conventions and other international documents aimed at overcoming all forms and manifestations of gender discrimination and creating conditions that give everyone the right to fully realize their personal potential, regardless of gender.
The principle of equal rights for women and men in all spheres of life is enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus. The implementation of this principle is ensured by such legislative acts as the Marriage and Family Code, the Labor Code, the Criminal Code, the Civil Code, the Law of the Republic of Belarus On Employment of the Population of the Republic of Belarus, and others.
53.4% of the population of Belarus are female. Belarus ranks 30th out of 188 countries in the Gender Inequality Index. In 2019, women accounted for 35% of the total number of the citizens who received subsidies for organizing entrepreneurial activities, eco-tourism services, craft activities.
In 2017, the National Action Plan for Gender Equality in the Republic of Belarus for 2017 - 2020 was adopted. It was approved by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus dated February 17, 2017. Its goal is to develop mechanisms for introducing a gender approach into the process of developing and implementing public policy measures in various areas of society.
There are many women at the middle managerial level in Belarus. However, senior management positions are held mostly by men. The share of women in the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus is 33.7% of the total number of deputies. At the same time, feminization of certain professions is observed in the country, primarily in the fields of media, education, and culture. Among 69 thousand cultural workers in the country, 70% are female, many of them occupy senior management positions.
Positive changes in the gender policy of Belarus are connected with the adoption of the National Action Plan on Gender Equality in the Republic of Belarus by 2020 and cooperation with independent experts in the field of gender policy in the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda by the Republic of Belarus. Nowadays the basic task of the country's gender policy is integrating the principles of gender equality in various areas of social activity, including in the sphere of culture and education. Among the important areas, there are changes in lifestyle trends of women and men, attitude to health, environmentally friendly models of life; improving the opportunities for combining work and family life that change the division of responsibilities related to childcare, parenting, and housekeeping between women and men, increasing the participation of women in entrepreneurship, which contributes to the well-being of families and social protection of women. It is also necessary to improve experts' understanding of the essence of gender equality and the importance of applying a gender approach in cultural policy.
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International Public Association “Gender Perspectives"
Civil Society Organization (CSO)