NATIONAL ROMA INTEGRATION STRATEGY IN SPAIN 2012-2020
The strategy has the following focus:
1. Greatening working channels that have reaped positive results in recent decades: longterm focus, continuity, implication and cooperation of the various administrative levels, active implication and participation of civil society including Roma organisations, coordination between the various agents implicated, guarantee of rights and education of responsibilities, etc.
2. Balance and offsetting between general and specific policies, and between mainstreaming and targeted approaches: • There are strategies, plans and policies at state level that address the whole population or that focus on key areas for social inclusion (education, jobs, healthcare, housing, equality and nondiscrimination, etc.) that attempt to be inclusive to Roma and have an impact in the achievement of the Strategy’s targets; •
3. Linkage with the targets of the 2020 Strategy materialised in Spain in the National Reform Programme, particularly with that concerning education, jobs, poverty and social inclusion.
The key areas of this strategy are education, employment, housing and health. The promotion of culture is included as an ancillary line of action.
The Strategy proposes a series of measures in various areas that directly contribute to social inclusion of disadvantaged Roma: • With regard to education targets the NRP proposes measures such as: Initial Professional Qualification Programmes (IPQP), grants programmes, Reinforcement, Guidance and Support Programmes (RGSP), Programme to Reduce Early School Leaving, the Educa3 Programme, and measures aimed at making the professional training system more flexible and better in general. •
With regard to employment, the NRP establishes measures are in line with the following areas of actions:reduction of labour market segmentation and temporary employment; improvement of job opportunities for the unemployed particularly with regard to youngsters; better effectiveness of active employment policies, normalising of undeclared employment and improving employability of women. •
The key measures on poverty and social inclusion are organised into four blocks based on their end targets:raise income in households with working age members; promote active inclusion;reduce the risk of poverty in certain segments of the population; guarantee access to decent housing or accommodation.
As said, culture is included as an ancillary line of action.