NATIONAL EFFORTS TO DISCOURAGE PIRACY OF AND IMPROVE COLLECTION OF ROYALTIES FROM CULTURAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
Indonesia recognizes the importance of protection for intellectual property, including legal protection for the creators, copyright holders, and related rights owners of copyrights related to cultural intellectual property. As a result, Law No. 28 of 2014 on Copyrights was adopted to create a more conducive environment for creators and copyright holders in the creation and distribution of works in the field of science, arts, and literature.
One of the key features of this new law was the introduction of the Collective Management Organization (CMO), which were meant:
- to improve transparency in the current system of collecting and managing royalties;
- to ensure copyright protection of artists’ works;
- to ensure proper credit for artists with regard to name recognition and financial/royalty payment from the commercial use of their creations/ products; and
- to mitigate the impact of wrongful use of creations, including but not limited to plagiarism.
The CMOs work as subordinates of the National Collective Management Organization (NCMO), which is under the supervision of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. The NCMO regulates the commercial use of music in:
- public spaces, including karaoke, cafés, restaurants, and night clubs;
- public broadcasts, including live performances, radios, and televisions;
- reproductions, including CDs, cassettes, vinyls, and photocopies; and
- online distribution.
Specific expected results were not available at the time of writing this report.
State budget, although exact numbers are not yet available since the institution was only recently established.