The National Development Programme: Bulgaria 2020 (NDP BG 2020) is the leading strategic and programme document that specifies the objectives of the country's development policies up to 2020. The listed objectives of government policies will ensure accelerated economic growth and raising the standard of living of Bulgarian citizens in the medium and long term.
The National Development Programme is a long-term framework document which, based on analysis of the situation in the country and of development trends, defines the overall strategic objectives of national policies up to 2020 for all sectors of national government. The main vision of the programme is that by 2020, Bulgaria must be a country with a competitive economy that provides conditions for fulfilling social, creative and professional realisation of the individual through intelligent, sustainable, inclusive and territorially balanced economic growth. Culture is increasingly seen as an important resource for achieving these objectives.
Culture and cultural heritage are seen as a leading resource/development potential in 2 out of 8 strategic priorities: "Priority 1. Improving the accessibility and increasing the quality of education and training and the qualitative characteristics of the workforce" and "Priority 3. Achieving sustainable and integrated regional development and harnessing local potential."
Improving creativity and innovations focused on personal development is one of the impact areas for sub-priority 1.1 Ensuring accessible and high quality personal development education by modernising the education system and adapting it to labour market needs.
Culture as a driving force for sustainable growth is included in sub-priority 1.5 Development of culture and arts, cultural and creative industries, expanding access to art and enhancing the population's culture. The sub-priority aims to broaden people's cultural horizons, unleash creative potential, facilitate active participation in cultural public life, ensure accessibility and equal opportunities for cultural products perusal for all ages and social groups from the general public, and to support the shaping of human capital and the socialisation of the individual. This sub-priority assigns a key place to the artist as a leading figure in the nation's growth, as a driver for innovative processes and an expresser of intelligent social growth, as a carrier of spiritual memory and the fundamental achievements of Bulgarian culture.
The objectives of sub-priority 2.2 - Ensuring sustainable, high quality and accessible cross-sector services aiming to prevent social exclusion include, inter alia, providing access to culture and sport for people from vulnerable groups and disabled people by removing architectural barriers to sports sites and facilities, utilising their access to cultural institutions through edifice renovation and reconstruction, developing measures to enable individuals from vulnerable groups to participate in sports and cultural events, etc.
The objectives of sub-priority 3.2 include cultural heritage socialisation in the context of integrated urban development, cultural infrastructure development, improvement of urban leisure alternatives by developing and improving the access to cultural services and sports opportunities in the regions, improvement of state and municipal cultural infrastructure - constructing and renewing infrastructure for dissemination and access to cultural and natural heritage in cities and urban areas.
Sub-priority 3.4 Supporting effective and sustainable response to regional tourism potential, and developing cultural and creative industries in the regions stimulates various forms of tourism and supports the marketing development of tourist regions and the creating of regional tourism products. Its areas of impact include facilitating regional development of cultural and creative industries, modernising the educational infrastructure of the 23 art and culture schools to support the development of local cultural potential, etc.
Regarding the vision, objectives and priorities of the National Development Programme BULGARIA 2030, the main objective of Priority 13 - Culture, Heritage and Tourism shall be to develop and preserve cultural wealth and to harness its potential as a social cohesion tool, to stimulate creative and innovative thought, as well as to generate economic profits. This priority will make a significant contribution towards achieving certain aspects of Goal 8 "Promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent working conditions for all", Goal 11 "Making cities and settlements inclusive, safe, adaptable and sustainable places of residence" and Goal 12 "Ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns" of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
By implementing the programme, living standards are expected to rise through competitive education and training; creating conditions for quality employment and social inclusion and ensuring accessible and quality education; building infrastructure networks providing optimal conditions for economic development and a quality and healthy environment for the population; increasing the economy's competitiveness by providing a favourable business environment, promoting investment, implementing innovative solutions, and increasing resource efficiency. Implementing the programme objectives will create favourable conditions for more equal access to culture and intercultural dialogue stimulation.
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