National Curriculum Policy and the Basic Education Curriculum Framework

Ministry of Education
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

The Ministry of Education has introduced a new Competence based Education system that recognizes the need to identify talents in children and help mentor and nurture them to the fullest possible extend.

The National Curriculum Policy and the Basic Education Curriculum Framework both recognize that learners are differently endowed and that they have different abilities and interests. It is for that reason that the mission of the basic education curriculum reforms is 'nurturing every learner's potential'. The school system has been structured to facilitate learners to pursue their own interests and fulfill their potential in line with the curriculum reforms' mission of 'nurturing every learner's potential'.

There are three pathways open to students: Arts and Sports, Social Sciences and Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics pathways. It is in Arts and Sports pathway that the policy makers have anchored development of creative and cultural industries. The arts and Sports Science pathway provide opportunities for self-realization and expression as well as individual development and fulfillment. Under the Policy and Basic Curriculum framework, it is envisaged that 15% of learners in senior school will take up this pathway.

The Performing Arts Track in senior secondary school includes music, dance, and theatre and elocution and it is envisaged to have 5% of the learners at this level. The learners will be engaged in performance in one of the mentioned areas, depending on their area of choice. This pathway is conceptualized to allow learners to specialize in an area of interest, ability and career choice. It recognizes theatre and elocution, a branch of performing arts concerned with acting using a combination of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle. Theatre takes such forms as plays, musicals, illusion, mime, improvisational theatre, stand-up comedy, pantomime, and public speaking.

It also recognizes dance as a form of audience entertainment in a performance setting. Finally yet importantly, it recognizes Music as art form, which combines pitch, rhythm, and dynamics in order to create sound. It can be performed using a variety of instruments and styles and is divided into genres.

It is expected that 5% of learners will take up Visual and Applied Arts Track. This learning area aim at enabling the learner to develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of artistic and cultural expression through two or three-dimensional artworks.

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

Under the Sessional paper, through which the Ministry of Education supports Kenya Music and Kenya Drama and Film Festival, over 5 million learners all the way from Primary to University levels take part in the competitions. the festivals provide students with opportunities, from Zonal to National levels to showcase their artistic and creative talents. Kenya is made of many ethnic and cultural communities. Students are allowed to express their creative and artistic talents in a cultural setting of their own choice and we end up having at the national level a varied tapestry of cultural displays that help to make children to appreciate people across cultures.

With the help of Kenya Film Classification Board (KFCB), the best films produced during the National Drama Festival are commercialized and shown on viusasa video site. Schools with wining films at national level enter a contract with the Association of Film Producing Institute in Kenya, which buy the film and show them at a fee. Schools get USD 200 per month for the four months their respective films are aired. The money goes into developing drama kits for students and other infrastructure.

Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 


Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
Teachers Service Commission
Public Sector
Ministry of Sports , Culture and Heritage
Public Sector
Kenya Film Classification Board
Public Sector
Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development
Public Sector
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 


Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Performing Arts
Visual Arts
Transversal Priority(ies)