The National Constitution of Zimbabwe (Amendment No. 20)

Where
Zimbabwe
When
2016
Who
Government of Zimbabwe
Key objectives of the measure:

In 2013 Zimbabwe adopted a new National Constitution with a section on culture. The constitution recognizes the diversity in cultural expression with recognition given to the different ethnic groups some them previously considered as minority groups:

 

  • Promotion and preservation of cultural values and practices which enhance the dignity, well being and equality of Zimbabweans
  • Preserve and protect Zimbabwe’s heritage
  • To preserve and protect the dignity of traditional institutions
  • Promote and advance the use of all languages used in Zimbabwe, including sign language and to create conditions for the development of the languages

 

Scope of the measure:
National
Nature of the measure:
legislative
Main feature of the measure:

In relationship to culture, the Constitution recognizes the diversity of culture. It also recognizes the sixteen indigenous languages of Zimbabwe and gives them prominence as an important form of cultural expression. The languages so recognized in the constitution are:

Chewa

Chibarwe

English

Kalanga

Koisan

Nambya

Ndau

Ndebele

Shangani

Shona

Sign Language

Sotho

Tonga

Tswana

Venda

Xhosa

 

The constitution also recognizes the role of traditional leadership as custodians of culture and gives them a role of leading the promotion and preservation of culture in their respective communities.

Results expected through the implementation of the measure:

The Constitution resulted in the recognition of languages which had been accorded inferior status. Marginalised groups like those who are hard of hearing are expected to benefit as sign language is now recognized in the constitution. Some of the sixteen languages are now being examined at Grade 7 level. Traditional institutions are expected to benefit immensely from the constitution which urges the State and all institutions and agencies of government at every level to take measures to ensure due respect for the dignity of traditional institutions.

Financial resources allocated to implement the measure:

N/A. It’s difficult to determine the financial resources allocated to the culture component.

Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Multi-domain
Cultural Value Chain
Creation
Production
Distribution
Participation