Some measures for cultural regeneration have been implemented by the government during the 2016-2020 period. Some of the notable measures to be reported are:
1. Cultural Endowment Fund;
2. Special Allocation Funds for Culture;
3. National Education Development Funds;
4. Artist Goes to School Movement (GSMS); and
5. Learning with the Maestro.
Measures for cultural regeneration could be done through intervention in terms of funding and cultural education. Several sources of funding that can be utilized have been discussed in Goal 1, such as the Cultural Endowment Funds (see Measures that Provide Funds for CSO Capacity Development), Special Allocation Funds for Culture (see Policies and Measures on the Decentralization Responsibilities for Policy Development), and National Education Development Funds (see Education and Training Programs in the Cultural and Creative Economy Sector).
While in terms of education, two exemplary programs that have been implemented are the GSMS and Learning with the Maestro. The GSMS is an effort to help schools which have limitation in hiring art and culture teachers who have competencies in the field of arts and culture. Lack of art and culture teachers become a problem in elementary, junior high, and high school/vocational school. At high school/vocational school level, there is an urgent need of art and culture teachers since in many of these schools, there is only 1 art teacher for around 1,100 students. Currently, there are only 128,000 art and culture teachers out of which only 40,000 teachers actually graduated from art majors. This number is far from being sufficient to cater the art and culture classes in 208,000 public schools in Indonesia. The lack of both art teachers and art equipment are one of the problems in cultural education that will be addressed by the GSMS. The main objective of GSMS is to provide broader insights to students in Indonesia about artists as a profession and the various fields within arts.
On another note, Learning with the Maestro is a scholarship program initiated by the Ministry of Education and Culture with the objectives to preserve culture, as well as to introduce art and culture as a profession to the younger generation as part of the character building and education. This program is being implemented in collaboration with several famous masters in different field of art and culture. The maestros teach the students and provide them with hands-on training in accordance with their respective expertise, such as music, painting, fine arts, literature, acting, dance, and others.
In general, the measures to increase regeneration of culture are aimed at contributing to the realization of the following National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of the Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Protect and develop values, expressions, and practices of traditional culture to enrich national culture (Agenda 2);
3. Institutional reform and cultural budgeting to support the advancement of culture agenda (Agenda 6); and
4. Strengthen the role of government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).
One of successful events resulted from GSMS is the Regional Art Performance event held in 2019 by the Bandar Lampung Provincial Education and Culture Office. This event gathered students, from 21 high schools/vocational schools in the city of Bandar Lampung and South Lampung Regency, who had participated in the GSMS.
|Name of partner||Type of entity|
Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency
Central Bureau of Statistics