Measures for artists and workers in the cultural and creative sectors

INPS- Istituto Nazionale Previdenza Sociale
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

At national level, to date, the measures adopted for the recognition of the work of artists and professionals in the cultural and creative sectors include:
-Fondo lavoratori dello Spettacolo (FPLS- National Fund for the Artists). A peculiarity of the Fund is to ensure, to the same extent and with the same pension protections provided for employees, the artistic categories in relation to the activity carried out regardless of the subordinate, occasional or autonomous nature of the employment relationship. In fact, the same rates apply to self-employed workers, and with the same distribution criteria, in force in the Employee Pension Fund. Insurance competence is determined by the professional qualification of the worker which is attributable to categories strictly provided for by law;
- The "PSMSAD Fund" (acronym for Painters, Sculptors, Musicians, Writers and Dramatic Authors), aims to support members in their professional activity by promoting, where necessary in collaboration with institutions with similar purposes in Italy and abroad, training, improvement and affirmation in the national and international field. The Fund's activities are governed by the new PSMSAD Fund Regulations adopted by Presidential Resolution no. 151, of 20 November 2015 and consist of awards, support and incentives for the performance of professional artistic activity and economic benefits in support of exceptional states of need of the members;
- CCNL Entertainment (National Collective Labor Agreement- Contratto Nazionale Collettivo dello Spettacolo ) The National Collective Labor Agreement for artists, technicians, administrators and auxiliaries employed by cooperatives and social enterprises operating in the cultural production and entertainment sector is the reference contract for cultural cooperation. Signed for the first time in November 2014, the National Collective Labor Agreement was renewed on February 19, 2020. With the renewal, the scope of application was extended to the new professions of creativity, including in the digital field, thus completing the contractual coverage that is now guaranteed to the entire sector with a single CCNL;
- CCNL - Cineaudiovisual Industry (National Collective Labor Agreement- Contratto Nazionale Collettivo per l'industria cineaudiovisiva The renewal of the CCNL for the employees of the cineaudiovisual Industry was signed on the 9 of July 2019 in the presence of the ANICA , the trade union table formed by ANICA as an employer and by the national trade unions.

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

The FPLS (National Fund for the Artists) has some particularities with respect to the general rules provided for the pension fund for employees, such as:
* some groups of individuals enrolled in the fund, if in possession of contributory seniority before 1995, can still retire today at a lower age than those envisaged for the majority of workers in those cohorts;
* if a person enrolled in the FPLS fund has also paid contributions to the Employee Pension Fund, he can automatically and free of charge the contributions credited to the two funds in order to obtain the payment of a single pension;
* it provides some specific social security benefits such as the specific disability pension and the early retirement pension to the musicians and dancers;
* the annual contribution is expressed not in years but in days.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

European Project IR-CREA "Strategici ma vulnerabili. Relazioni industriali e lavoratori delle industrie culturali e creative" is a researching project focuses on industrial relations in creative industries ( . Creative workers are a highly heterogeneous group, which is internally highly differentiated. On the one hand, there are workers employed in large enterprises with high wages, good employment conditions and stable contracts. On the other, there are vulnerable workers who contract out their skills to various organizations in project based labour markets, straddling between self-employment and economically dependent conditions, with medium-low wages and a professional environment characterised by a high level of uncertainty. The research project regards the latter, namely highly skilled workers that play a key role in the knowledge economy but that are also more vulnerable. The action has three main goals: a) providing a general overview on industrial relations in creative industries across Europe; b) investigating practices in different countries with heterogeneous traditions in industrial relations and social dialogue; c) disseminating project's results among social partners, policy makers and other stakeholders at national and international level. IR-CREA will especially study how trade unions and employers' representatives include creative workers in collective bargaining activity and what kind of services they provide. The project also aims to disclose the presence of alternative forms of association of creative workers' interests (such as informal professional communities and co-working spaces). The digitization of the economy has resulted in the rise of new activities within the creative industries (as the case of gaming industries) and it transformed the others (as the case of graphic designers). The project IR-CREA will explore the dynamics of the two sectors, analysing the major changes, and highlighting the relationships with the representative organizations.
In agreement with other Italian institutions competent in the various fields of human rights, the CIDU (Comitato Interministeriale Diritti Umani prepares the periodic reports that Italy must submit to coordinates the complex exercise for the Universal Periodic Review - UPR) of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations even for the "Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights" (OHCHR).

Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)