MANAGEMENT OF THE NATIONAL FILMS AND BROADCASTING INDUSTRIES

Where
Indonesia
When
2016
Who
Ministry of Communication and Information
Key objectives of the measure:

The films and broadcasting industries in Indonesia have taken on a significant role in the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions. In order to ensure that these industries fulfill their designated roles, Indonesia has enacted two separate laws as part of its national policy, which are Law No. 33 of 2009 on Films and Law No. 32 of 2002 on Broadcasting.

Both laws focus on efforts:

  • to showcase the rich diversity of the national culture;
  • to nurture positive creativity for the growth of the national culture;
  • to ensure that film and broadcasting contents are in-line with national values;
  • to facilitate improvement in public welfare; and
  • to promote Indonesia on the international stage.
Scope of the measure:
National
Nature of the measure:
legislative
Main feature of the measure:

Law No. 33 of 2009 on Films and Law No. 32 of 2002 on Broadcasting have introduced the establishment of specific governmental agencies to ensure that film and broadcasting contents are in-line with national religious, ethical, moral, decency, and cultural values.

The Indonesian Censorship Agency (Lembaga Sensor Film, LSF) also determines and socializes viewership age groups and criteria for censorship.

The Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia, KPI) ensures that society receives decent and correct information, a healthy competitive environment for broadcasting companies is maintained, and acts on public complaints on improper broadcasting practices.

Results expected through the implementation of the measure:

Specific expected results were not available at the time of writing this report.

Financial resources allocated to implement the measure:

State budget, in the sum of about USD 3,000,000 (approximated currency conversion from Indonesia Rupiah) for the ICA and about USD 3,500,000 (approximated currency conversion from Indonesia Rupiah) for the IBC in 2014.

Main conclusions of the evaluation of the measure:

Evaluation on Law No. 33 of 2009 on Films by the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry suggested to the Indonesian Parliament to limit the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture over films as a cultural product, while shifting the responsibility over films as a business product to the Creative Economy Agency.

In addition, the latest general evaluation on films revealed the following:

  • increased national film production from 33 (2005) to 129 (2015);
  • increased imported films from 201 (2005) to 292 (2015);
  • increased number of cinemas from 140 (2005) to 210 (2015);
  • increased number of screens from 450 (2005) to 1073 (2015);
  • 15.6 million number of viewers of national films; and
  • 42 million number of viewers of imported films.
Indicators used to determine impact:
For films, the following indicators were used to determine impact:number of national film production;number of imported films;number of cinemas and screens; andnumber of viewers.
Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Cultural Value Chain
Distribution