In the past four years, the followings are main policies and measures that contain strategies and frameworks for the development of an integrated cultural and creative economy sector:
1. The National Strategy for Culture;
2. The Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture; and
3. Presidential Regulation 142 of 2018 on the 2018-2025 National Master Plan for Creative Economy Development.
In 2018, Indonesia succeeded in formulating integrated policies for the development of the cultural and creative economy sectors. In the cultural sector, the government has completed the formulation of the National Strategy for Culture at the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress, followed by the drafting of the Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture. Meanwhile, in the creative economy sector, the government has ratified the 2018-2025 National Master Plan for Creative Economy Development through Presidential Regulation 142 of 2018 on the 2018-2025 National Master Plan for Creative Economy Development.
The National Strategy for Culture and the Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture are a direct mandate of Law 5 of 2017 on the Advancement of Culture (see Goal 1, Specific Policies that Regulate the Cultural and Creative Economy Sector). The law stipulates that the advancement of culture is carried out based on the following four documents, formulated in stages using a bottom-up approach:
1. The Regency/Municipal Cultural White Papers (See Goal 1, Specific Policies that Regulate the Cultural and Creative Economy Sector);
2. The Provincial Cultural White Papers (See Goal 1, Specific Policies that Regulate the Cultural and Creative Economy Sector);
3. The National Strategy for Culture: The National Strategy for Culture is a document formulated by the government together with the community represented by experts concerning the direction of Advancement of Culture based on Indonesia's cultural potential, situation, and condition to achieve its national goals. The National Strategy for Culture is formulated based on the Regency/Municipal and Provincial Cultural White Papers.
4. The Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture: A guide for the Central Government in implementing Cultural Advancement. It is an interpretation of the National Strategy for Culture in the form of a government work plan.
This process, started from March 2018 to the end of November 2018, that involved 300 of 514 regencies/municipalities had completed the task that became the most massive endeavor to identify the wealth and strength of culture in history. The process continues to the provincial level, which summarizes and consolidates findings and recommendations from the regency/municipal level. Both the regency/municipality and province directly submit their respective Cultural White Papers to the Ministry of Education and Culture for further use in the formulation of the Cultural Strategy and the Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture.
Stakeholders from various cultural fields or sectors, held simultaneous meetings. Institutions or communities of relevant fields held independent meetings, while the Directorate General of Culture organized another meeting on November 6-7, 2018. These meetings are intended to complementing the spatial maps from the Regency/Municipal and Provincial Cultural White Papers with the maps of issues in each field or sector of culture. By end-November 2018, no less than 33 meetings had been held, all of which produced recommendations for the National Strategy for Culture.
A team of 17 experts from various fields, led by the Minister of Education and Culture as chairman and Director General of Culture as secretary, formulated the National Strategy for Culture. The Formulation Team was supported by a secretariat and several researchers who study and summarize regency/municipal and provincial Cultural White Papers as well as the results of sectoral meetings to ease the task of the Formulating Team. The first draft of the National Strategy for Culture was presented at the Cultural Pre-Congress forum which took place on 27 November 2018 in Jakarta.
After examining the nation's direction and objectives, assessing issues that hinder the advancement of culture in various regions and sectors, as well as considering the position of the cultural strategy in the national cultural planning cycle, the vision for the advancement of culture in the next 20 years is determined, namely: "A happy Indonesia based on cultural diversity that educate, reconcile, and improve welfare". To achieve the vision, the National Strategy for Culture has the following seven strategic agendas:
1. Provide Space for the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and Encourage Cultural Interaction to Strengthen the Inclusiveness of Culture.
2. Protect and Develop Traditional Cultural Values, Expressions, and Practices to Enrich National Culture.
3. Develop and Utilize Cultural Resources to Strengthen the Position of Indonesia Internationally.
4. Utilize Advancement of Culture Objects to Improve People Welfare.
5. Advancement of Culture that Protects Biodiversity and Strengthens Ecosystems.
6. Institutional Reform and Cultural Budgeting to Support the Advancement of Culture Agenda.
7. Strengthen the Role of Government as Facilitator in the Advancement of Culture.
The final draft of the National Strategy for Culture was submitted to President Joko Widodo at the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress to be enacted. The submission was followed up with the formulation of the Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture (RIPK). RIPK is a long-term technocratic document (20 years) in the field of culture that will serve as a basis for the formulation of a cultural policy vertically between central and regional governments and horizontally between Ministries/Agencies with cultural-related duties and functions. The main objectives of the RIPK formulation are:
1. to increase coordination between the central and regional governments in the advancement of culture;
2. to improve synergy across Ministries/Institutions in efforts to promote culture;
3. to create a systematic, sustainable advancement of culture planning mechanism, with clear performance indicators.
The RIPK is currently being formulated, which involves approximately 60 ministries/institutions/SOEs that have culture-related duties and functions (up to Echelon 4 level). When completed, the RIPK will be the basis of the formulation of the National Long-Term Development Plan (RPJPN) and the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) in the field of culture.
At the end of 2018, the government has enacted Presidential Regulation 142 of 2018 on the 2018-2025 National Master Plan for Creative Economy Development. This Presidential Regulation was established as the foundation for the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. The government's mission in the Creative Economy Master Plan is divided into two to make the creative economy the main driver of national economic growth, namely the empowerment of innovative human resources and the development of competitive creative ventures.
The implementation of the two missions lies in the following twelve policy directions: (1) Empowering creative economy practitioners; (2) Creative city development; (3) Increasing public appreciation of creativity and intellectual property rights; (4) Provision of adequate and competitive technological infrastructure; (5) Institutional development that supports the creative ecosystem; (6) Increasing financing for creative economy ventures; (7) Enhancing the protection, development, and utilization of natural resources and cultural heritage as materials for creative economy ventures; (8) Increasing protection and utilization of intellectual property; (9) Provision of adequate and competitive infrastructure and technology for the development of Creative Economy ventures; and (10) Development of standardization and best practices for creative economy ventures and creative works.
Issuance of the following derivative policies in the form of legal and regulatory frameworks:
1. Presidential Regulation 65 of 2018 on Procedures for the Formulation of the Regional Cultural White Papers and the National Strategy for Culture;
2. Minister of Education and Culture Regulation 45 of 2018 on Guidelines for the Formulation of Regional Cultural White Papers; and
3. Minister of Education and Culture Regulation 46 of 2018 on Guidelines for the Formulation of National Strategy for Culture.
Implementation of the following derivative measures in the form of documents, tools, or activities:
1. Formulation of the Regency/Municipal Cultural White Papers in 377 Regencies/Municipalities;
2. Drafting of the Cultural White Papers of Province in 34 Provinces;
3. Organization of the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress;
4. Writing of the National Strategy for Culture as a result of the 2018 Indonesian Culture Congress;
5. Organization of the 2019 National Cultural Week; and
6. Launching of the Cultural Development Index at the 2019 National Cultural Week.
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