The bilateral agreements signed by our country, at the governmental, ministerial and institutional levels in cultural matters, are an expression of the priority given to culture and to encouraging relations with other countries in all areas and artistic manifestations.
The Ministry of Culture participates in governmental agreements and treaties in which the field of culture is one of the areas of interest. (Annex 4)
By signing and complying with these agreements, the Ministry of Culture promotes the mutual knowledge of cultures between countries through different channels such as participation in events, fairs and festivals with regular editions, the promotion and realization of artistic presentations, the exchange of information, experts and good practices in the management and handling of creation processes, exchange and advice on culture, attending to the priorities of our country in issues relating to sustainable development, intellectual property, digital and artistic education.
It is a priority in the work of the system of cultural institutions to follow up on the aspects included in these legal agreements until they become a reality, with the understanding that they are tools for the promotion of cultural actions of a national and international nature. In the last four years, the elaboration of annexed executive programs that ensure their materialization has been a practice in the execution of the agreements and treaties.
The governmental and ministerial agreements constitute general frameworks that encourage and promote processes of artistic mobility and the exchange of cultural goods and services. At the same time, the institutions of the cultural system sign other bilateral legal instruments with related entities in accordance with their corporate purpose and mission.
The Ministry of Culture currently has 62 effective inter-ministerial agreements with 54 countries in Latin America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. In the period under review, 17 agreements were negotiated and signed and three are pending signing with the following countries: Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and South Africa.
In the case of the artistic education system, the University of the Arts (ISA) has more than 20 inter-institutional agreements with homologous entities from different countries, among them are the National University of Costa Rica, the University of Granada, Spain; the University of Weimar and the University of the Arts and Social Sciences of Alanus, Germany; the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the University of Montana, United States; the University of the Arts of Ecuador; the Maza University, Argentina; the Jiaotong University, China; the University of Florence, and Italy, among others.
The National Center of Art Schools (CNEART), in charge of elementary and middle school levels, has developed agreements that stimulate academic and teaching exchange and for the promotion of internationally endorsed methods of Cuban studies. Among the most important are the Agreement for the Exchange between Music Academies with the municipality of Les Bains, France; the Contract for the use of the Cuban Ballet Method with the School of Ballet of Cordoba, Mexico, and the Agreement for the Academic Exchange with the School of Ballet of South Africa, among others.
The National Council of Performing Arts has achieved the promotion of Cuban artists of this manifestation by means of the signing of agreements with "TransKulturProduktion" Mommsenstr.2 10629 Berlin, Germany; the Mayor's Office of the Bolivarian Liberator Municipality, in the District of Caracas, Venezuela, and the Association for Friendship and Cooperation MAKUBA Skopje, Macedonia.
In the case of the Cuban cultural business sector, entities such as the Cuban Fund for Cultural Assets, in order to fulfill its goals and objectives in the marketing and development of the goods and services of its competence, has generated several agreements to ensure to the creators transitory import services, to foster activities of consultancy on the creative industries, as well as to establish commercial bases with a view to increasing the flow of exports towards countries like Trinidad and Tobago. These bilateral agreements have been signed with the Melbourne Institute of Technology, Australia; the Restoration Center of the Russian Federation; the DEALS.SA Company and the Corporation of Cosmetics and Perfumes S.A., of Panama; the University of Sweden for the training of wood bending and the manufacture of musical instruments, and the Martinez Otero Contract S.L Company, of Spain, among others.
The new legal framework to promote Foreign Investment in Cuba, approved by the Law 118 (2014) and its Regulations, provides multiple opportunities for the development of business proposals, which the Ministry of Culture and its business system are working on, with the aim of expanding the Portfolio of Foreign Suppliers represented in Cuba to ensure the imports of the culture system and promote with them the export of cultural products. Likewise, the aim is to promote foreign investment aimed at diversifying and expanding the export markets for Cuban cultural products and cultural tourism, developing the logistic system for the development of the creative industry, as well as access to new technologies.
The conventions, agreements and other international legal instruments signed, with different institutional scope, reflect the spirit of the Cuban cultural policy, in order to expand trade opportunities and establish a more balanced exchange of cultural goods and services worldwide. The rights to exhibit, print and publish literary works, and to premiere, in the case of the performing arts, which result from this treatment, facilitate the Cuban public's access to expressions of universal culture.
In this way, there are different examples in which, even in the country's difficult economic conditions, the Ministry of Culture and its system of institutions sponsor the presence of artists of different manifestations from various developed and developing countries of the world. In this sense, to cite some examples, periodic events such as the International Theater Festival, the Biannual Puppet Workshop of Matanzas, the International Clown Workshop, which takes place in the city of Las Tunas, the International Music Fair "Cubadisco" and the Chamber Music Festival, have hosted, under these circumstances, artists from the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Brazil, Puerto Rico, Spain, Nicaragua, France, Argentina, and the United States, among others. With the aim of fostering joint participation and exchange of experiences in the creation processes with top-level Cuban companies such as Acosta Danza or Danza Contemporanea de Cuba,
choreographers from the United Kingdom and Spain have been received. Also, it has helped to ensure the presence of major theater companies such as Odin Theater from Denmark.
In the 13th edition of the Havana Biennial, 15 Spanish artists were sponsored to participate, through the collaboration with the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development. We received the visit of an important Colombian artist and the international Malian artist, Abdoulaye Konate, who was awarded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa by the Universidad de las Artes. Konate is a graduate from Cuba's higher education system and founded the Fasseke Kouyate Conservatory of Multimedia Arts and Crafts in Bamako, which he directs.
The International Book Fair is the most important national and international event of literature. It has dedicated its last four editions to countries such as Canada, China, Algeria, and Vietnam. In order to achieve a wide international representation, besides ensuring the sponsorship of delegates from the Guest of Honor country, the presence of around 20 writers from different countries in each edition has been supported.
At important international events, such as the Milan Architecture Biennial and the Venice Biennial, held in 2018 and 2019, respectively, contributions were received from various Italian entities to ensure the participation of specialists and directors from the National Museum of Fine Arts and the National Council of Plastic Arts.
Likewise, support has been received from countries such as China, Vietnam, Mongolia, Indonesia, Japan, South Africa, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Botswana, Belgium, France, and Italy, among others, to support the presence of Cuban artists of all manifestations that illustrate the relations of reciprocity.
In the film and audiovisual arts, co-productions have been made with countries such as Spain, Mexico and the Dominican Republic, which establish conditions of reciprocity in terms of exhibition rights under the Ibero-American Co-Production Agreement, one of the instruments signed by the Confederation of Ibero-American Audiovisual and Film Authorities (CAACI) of which Cuba is a founder and a full member.
The sustained activity in favor of bilateral and multilateral relations, under the principle of special or differential treatment, is in line with the political will of the Cuban government and state to give priority treatment to culture in terms of subsidies that ensure the massive access of the population to cultural programming and the strengthening of artistic appreciation processes. Thus, the Ministry of Culture assumes the production costs of foreign artistic performances, as well as those related to the arrangements for their entry and stay into the country, which is reverted as an added value derived from the preferential treatment, in the subsidized cost of the population's access to culture.
|Name of partner||Type of entity|
The Legal Division (the Ministry of Culture)
The system of cultural institutions
* To develop executive programs that outline action plans with a certain margin of temporality that allow and ensure the execution of the interests and commitments set forth in the treaties and agreements.