Ecuador guidelines for international cooperation
International cooperation in the Ecuador is defined and regulated by the Organic Code of Planning and Public Finance, Article 65, which establishes the definitions and guidelines of refundable and non – refundable cooperation for all areas. In the National Agenda for International Cooperation, objective 5 of PNBV has not been prioritized; however, issues related to culture, are included in the objectives 4 and 10: strengthening the citizens capacities and potential and promoting the transformation of the productive matrix, respectively.
The crosscutting approaches, promoted in this instrument regarding to culture, are human rights, capacity building, interculturalism and participation. In the field of human rights, the importance of cultural rights is underlined to achieve the objective of good living, as one of the inalienable rights of all people.
The inclusion of interculturalism and participation as crosscutting approaches to international cooperation refers to them both as key elements in any collaboration initiative, promoting the inclusion of those traditionally excluded from the decision-making process.
Cooperation in the cultural sector has been reflected in particular by the actions carried out by Spain, Japan, the Andean Development Corporation (CAF), France, the Organization of Ibero- American States (OEI), through scholarships, experts, refundable and technical assistance, registering 23 initiatives for USD 4,259,153.87. It should be noted that a high percentage of experts came mainly from Korea and Japan, who have supported public institutions and Decentralized Autonomous Governments (GADs).
Policies of international cooperation in the field of culture, likewise, are part of the objective five of the PNBV, specifically in its policy 5.6on intercultural promotion and integration in the counter- hegemonic processes of regional integration. To enforce this policy, work has been done on the creation of cultural and educational exchange programs at regional level, the creation of networks to promote de circulation of cultural industries diverse expressions and critical cultural content, to encourage Ecuador’s participation in cultural cooperation processes conducive to the promotion and protection of cultural and creative industries; all this, with emphasis in multilateral spaces such as ALBA and UNASUR.
Within the framework of policies participation in the Cultural ALBA, Ecuadorian artists and cultural managers, during the period of this report, have received: One “ALBA Narrativa Award for young writers” (2014); one mention for the "Discography ALBA Award" (2012); one ALBA scholarship for documentary filmmaking at the International School of Film and Television of San Antonio de los Baños, Cuba; one nomination as finalist for the “ALBA Latin American First Copy Film Award” (2014); a nomination for "ALBA Prize in Literature for the work of a lifetime” and two nominations “ALBA Prize in Arts for the work of a lifetime”.