Creation of the Ministry of Culture in the Peruvian Government structure
The Ministry of Culture in Peruvian Government structure develops cultural policies articulated in protection, preservation and dissemination of cultural heritage and diversity of cultural expressions, which in relation to Articles 2, 17 ° and 89 ° of Peruvian Constitution refer to the development and promotion of culture and protection of ethnic and cultural diversity, preserving cultural and linguistic expressions of the country, promoting national integration and respect for cultural identity of Rural and Native Communities.
The Ministry of Culture functions related to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, adopted at the 33rd General Conference of UNESCO on October 20, 2005, in Paris, are:
Formulate, plan, direct, coordinate, implement, monitor and evaluate national and sectoral policies of the country in culture, through programmatic areas: the nation's cultural heritage, tangible and intangible, cultural management and cultural industries, including contemporary cultural creation, and ethnic and cultural diversity of the nation, including performing arts.
Promote, manage and channeling national and international cooperation, technical and financial, refundable and nonrefundable for culture and art development through competent institutions in accordance with existing rules.
Promotion of cultural creation in all fields, improvement of creators and cultural managers and development of cultural industries.
- Organize, conduct, monitor and evaluate public actions aimed to promote arts, artistic creation and development, promoting the presence of different cultural organizations, facilitating public access to these cultural expressions and promoting private initiatives on cultural sector.
- Give merit awards for creators, artists, people and organizations that contribute to the country's cultural development
- Implement and manage the National Registry System related to cultural heritage goods, creators, art producers of related fields from cultural expressions, and natural and legal persons that perform cultural activities.
- Developing measures of production, transmission and broadcasting to promote multiethnic and multicultural expressions of the Nation to assist the all Peruvians integration and assert our national identity.
- Ensure the freedom of expression and information through the Government media and promote the participation of society through spaces where they can express freely their points of views and proposals in order to strengthen democracy and a culture of respect and peace.
Specific shared functions:
- Promote a culture of respect and access to cultural rights, freedom of belief and intellectual, artistic, technical and scientific creation.
- Promote the record, research, preservation, maintenance, dissemination and enhancement of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, archaeological, historical and artistic, documentary, bibliographic, plastic arts, music, folk, folklore, cultural industries and bibliographic and documentary heritage of the nation with the participation of civil society organizations and communities.
- Promote scientific and literary creation, reading and knowledge of bibliographic and documentary heritage of the nation, promoting the development and protection of the publishing book industry and related publishing products, such as incentives that encourage and disseminate the intellectual creativity, knowledge and culture.
The Law No. 29565 creates the Ministry of Culture signed by President of the Republic on July 21, 2010. The areas which the Ministry of Culture applies its competences, functions and powers to achieve objectives and goals of the Government are the following: a) National cultural heritage, tangible and intangible; b) Contemporary cultural creation and performing arts; c) Cultural Management and Cultural Industries, and d) Ethnic and cultural plurality of the Nation.
The structure of Ministry is integrated for the Minister, the Vice-Minister of Cultural Heritage and Cultural Industries, the Vice-Minister of Interculturality and General Secretary
The Ministry has following assigned agencies:
a) National Library of Peru, b) National Archives of Nation, c) Highest Academy of the Quechua Language.
Additionally, by Supreme Decree N º 001-2010-MC approved the merge of the following institutions:
National Council on Democratization of the Book and Reading Promotion – PROMOLIBRO; National Film Board – CONACINE; Special Project Archaeological Site of Chan Chan; Special Project Naylamp – Lambayeque; Implementation Unit Marcahuamachuco.
Since October 1, 2010, the organizational structure of the National Institute of Culture (INC) has become the structure of the Ministry of Culture, according to Supreme Decree No. 001-2010-MC. So, the Ministry of Culture has established bases in the institution that has been the lead agency of culture in the country during nearly four decades: the National Institute of Culture, raising the level of government management of culture in important administrative decisions of the Government.
Challenges identified in the implementation of this measure:
One of the main challenges in implementation of the Ministry of Culture is to create awareness at all levels and across Peruvian society, the fundamental role of culture in sustainable development of the country. The Ministry of Culture of Peru is a new institution that needs to find mechanisms to position culture in all government decisions, develops proposals for appropriated and articulated policy frameworks and generates information that highlight the impact of culture on the country's development; reaffirm the importance of the development of a national concerted plan of culture, including the participation of Peruvian society. There is a responsibility of the entire sector, activists, agents, managers, brokers, researchers, men and women arts and cultural diversity of the country.
Today we have a recent Ministry of Culture, the challenge is great and we are at the beginning of a participatory process in construction.