The Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland: Chapter 3 (23)(1)

The Swaziland National Trust Commission
Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture
Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs
Ministry of Sport, Culture and Youth Affairs
Ministry of Home Affairs
Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs
Ministry of Education and Training
Key objectives of the measure:

The constitution of Swaziland recognizes culture as the foundation of the Nation. The Constitution of Swaziland was revised in 2005 and in the new revised constitution culture was included. The placing of culture in the constitution was a milestone. The constitution gave the Swazi people more rights to diversity. For example chapter 3 of the Swaziand's constitution aims at ensuring "Protection and Promotion og Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. Article 23 (1) of the Constitution ensures full possible expression on culture including fredom of religion and expression. the first constitution adopted after independence in Swaziland did not have a chapter on culture, however the current constitution promulgated in 2005 devotes chapter three on cultural matters that identify the nation and creates unity and peace hence several bills are yet to be drawn to facilitate implementation of issued to drive the sector. Several other parts of the constitution supports the development of culture.



Scope of the measure:
Nature of the measure:
legislative, regulatory, institutional
Main feature of the measure:

The main features of the Constitution:

The constitution is the supreme law of Swaziland and if any other law is incosistence with this constitution that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

Are the protection of fundamental human right in the country. These rights touched on all people in the country in their diverse ways of living. It included the freedoms of some previously marginalised groups like women and children who in previous times found themselves subjected to cultures against their will. The Constitution now gives them a right against the impossition of culture on them by the stronger groups in this case males. another main feature of the Constitution is the freedom given to people with disabilities, it allows them to express themselbes without intimidation.

Results expected through the implementation of the measure:

One of the major expected results from the article that touches on culture is to have a peaceful country united by its culture while embracing others.

Financial resources allocated to implement the measure:

The budget allocations for the implimentation of the measure is part of the budget allocated to the Swaziland National Trust Commission and Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. In the different Ministries listed above there is a budget allocation given  to them for different cultural activities that are undertaken at Ministry level.

Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)