The Community Radio Project Based on Local Community

Republic of Korea
The Korea Communications Commission
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The Community Radio Project is a non-profit radio broadcasting targeting small areas such as cities, counties, and districts with a small power of less than 10W in the FM frequency band. As of 2021, 20 community radio broadcasting operators have been newly licensed and are operating in 27 regions nationwide. During the tenure of the 19th President (President Moon Jae-In), one of the 100 national projects presented was ‘healthy development of media’, and the expansion of community radio was included as a detailed task. Particularly with COVID-19, the importance of community radio broadcasting was reinforced. While it is difficult to deliver local community news in a timely manner on national public radio, community radio broadcasting is suitable for conveying local issues, events, and news as it is closely connected with the community. There are cases when community radio broadcasting transmitted emergency safety information effectively during COVID-19. Gwanak FM has sent out breaking news of the COVID-19 outbreak in Gwanak-gu. Daegu Seongseo FM effectively provided the current status of face mask inventory at local pharmacies in real time. Since community radio broadcasting is a non-profit that is operated based on the public interest of the local community, it is operated by local citizens to deal with diverse issues in the community. It also serves as a place for public discussion for residents' autonomy. For reference, ‘broadcasting programs in regards to reporting’ cannot be scheduled, and only broadcasting programs such as local information, culture, and music may be transmitted based on Article 50 -2 of the Enforcement Decree of the Broadcasting Act. It is also effective in enhancing digital accessibility for the underprivileged because community radio broadcasting can easily provide community information to underprivileged groups such as the elderly, the disabled, and immigrants who are not familiar with new media such as social media. In addition, the participation rate of residents with various backgrounds is high because local residents can share stories about themselves or their neighborhood. Representatively, there is the ‘Korean-Corporation (Koryoin Village)’ in Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju City, which was newly approved in 2021. It organized a Russian language program because Koryoin compatriots and descendants who moved to Korea are participants of the program and are the main audience. ‘Ansan Community’, a division based in Ansan-City, Gyeonggi province, has a high proportion of residents with migrant backgrounds. They are also planning a program targeting migrants from various cultures.
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
Ever since it changed into a regular business in 2009, community radio broadcasting has been operating in seven regions nationwide up until 2020. In 2021, a total of 27 community radio broadcasts will be operated nationwide with additional permits from operators in 20 regions. Specifically, there are ten metropolitan areas such as Seoul and Gyeonggi province, two in GangWon province, four in Chungcheong province, seven in Gyeongsang province, and four in Honam province. In addition, for the operation of community radio broadcasting, the ‘Community Radio Broadcasting Support Group’ was formed to establish a cooperative system with local business operators. The support group consists of government ministries (Korea Communications Commission, Science and Technology Information and Communication Commission, Ministry of Public Administration and Security), public institutions (Viewer Media Foundation), and private organizations (six institutions including Korea Community Radio Broadcasting Association, Korea Broadcasting Engineers Association). At the national level, the Korea Communications Commission made an announcement to expand the policy of revitalizing community radio to strengthen media publicity and improve disaster broadcasting response systems. At the regional level, in order to revitalize the operation of community radio, programs that meet the needs of local residents are programmed and transmitted, and community radio broadcasting programs are posted on YouTube to promote close communication with local residents.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
200 Million Won, 152,000 Dollars /As of 2021
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
The Korea Communications Commission
Public Sector
Community Radio Broadcasting Support Group
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
community radio broadcasting operators in 27 regions
Private Sector
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts