Cinema and performance policies

Where
Italy
When
2016
Who
Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism Ministry
Key objectives of the measure:

There are several laws that support film production and life shows under certain characteristics. The Cinema's General Directory of the MIBACT is focused in the promotion, development and dissemination of Italian cinema, and in particular supports young artists, "difficult films" (first and second movies) and documentaries. The digitalization of cinemas and the search of investiments are also its aims.

Therefore, an important effort to sustain creativity in this field is achieved through tax measures, named "tax credit cinema". This measure provides the possibility for offset tax exemptions after an investment in the cinematography sector. The beneficiaries are production and distribution enterprises, cinema operators, post-production and executive production enterprises and other enterprises in association with a film producer, even if they don't belong in the cinema sector. The measures are also available for executive production of foreign films and for foreign investors.

There is a measure dedicated specially to migrant's creativity and integration, aimed for those living in  Italy. It is focused in promoting films, seminars, events and promotional messages in order to raise awareness of these communities.

In the period between 2012-15, several co-productions had been signed between Italy and France, Germany, Canada, Macedonia, Brazil and Chile.

Legislation: Tax credit production (art. 1, comma 327, l. 244/2007 e decreto 7.5.2009); Tax credit executive production foreign films (art. 1, comma 335, l. 244/2007 e decreto 7.5.2009) ; Tax credit foreign investors (art. 1, comma 325, l. 244/2007 e decreto 21.1.2010).

Scope of the measure:
National
Nature of the measure:
regulatory, financial, institutional
Main feature of the measure:

The institutional mandate for the cinema is the promotion, development and dissemination of the italian cinema and of the national cinematographic industry under the consideration that cinema is one of the cultural expressions basis. Its cultural value is given by its role as witness of cultural identity. The audiovisual productions develop a fundamental role in the formation of the national identity. Through cinema, the local creativity can express itself with a rich cultural variety.

Taken this into account, the european states as Italy, apply a broad range of measures to support the film production, in the creation and production of cinematographic works phases. Besides this, the measures are focused in create a development dynamic and consolidate an economical sector with solid production enterprises and a permanent proffesionist tank.

All is covered by law DL 22 january 2004, n.28 (and its modifications) and by the 21 and 33 articles of the Italian Constitution that recognize cinema as a mean of artistic expression, cultural information, and social communication as a general interest issue because of their economical and industrial importance.

Results expected through the implementation of the measure:

The result expected through the implementation of this measure is the fostering of creativity and cinema cultural industry and its dissemination.

Financial resources allocated to implement the measure:

Euro 115 millions/year.

Euro 6 millions has been dedicated to young creators in 2015.

Main conclusions of the evaluation of the measure:

The production of films has grown since the tax cinema is working.

Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Performing Arts
Cultural Value Chain
Creation
Production
Distribution
Participation