Swaziland 2016 report

Policies and Measures
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Swaziland National Arts and Culture Strategic Plan National regulatory
Swaziland National Trust Commission Act of 1972 (SNTC Act 1972) National legislative, regulatory, institutional
The 2005 convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions International legislative, regulatory, financial, institutional
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland: Chapter 3 (23)(1) National legislative, regulatory, institutional
Swaziland National Arts and Culture Policy National legislative, regulatory, institutional
Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture Bill National legislative, regulatory
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
SADC Protocol Regional, International regulatory
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
National Development Strategy (NDS) 2022 National financial
EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Chapter 3 of the Swaziland National Arts and Culture Policy National legislative, regulatory
CURRENT UNESCO GLOBAL PRIORITY: GENDER EQUALITY
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Chapter 8: of the Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture Policy National legislative, regulatory
YOUTH
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Chapter 8 of the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture National legislative, regulatory
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture Bill

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The objects of this bill are to –

  1. To provide for a feasible efficient administration of Arts and Culture Industry through the National Arts and Culture Council; and
  2. Provide for incidental matters.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features of the measure which is the Arts and Culture Bill of  2012 are to regulate and administrate the Arts sector in Swaziland. The Bill looks specifically into arts and not much on culture as stated on the policy.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The expected result expected through the implimentation of the measure is to have a well regulated arts industry in Swaziland.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Government of Swaziland allocates a budget of USD 160, 000 per year towards the development of the arts industry in Swaziland as a way of implimenting the measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Swaziland National Arts and Culture Strategic Plan

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture promotes and develops art and culture through:

  • regulating the industry,
  • coordinating  arts and cultural activities,
  • advocacy and collaboration with key stakeholders,
  • sensitization on cultural values,   
  • socio-economic empowerment of artists.                                                                                          

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

 

The main features of the measure are to:

1. Advocacy2. Income Generation / Resource mobilisation

3.Promotio and coordination

4. Regulation

5. Capacity Building

6. Infrustructure Development                                                                                        

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The expected result through the implimentation of the Arts and Culture strategic Bill is a well regulated arts and culture industry.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The allocation of funds towards this measure is catered under the the above measure which are under the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. The Bill, Policy and Strategic plan are under the same budget of the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

From the Strategic Plan document, identified projects that can be implemented in a short space of time subject to availability of financial resources (-though some of them are long term, they can be executed in phases-) encompass:

  1. Development of Board Charter
  2. Inter- Ministerial Committee Synchronization of Government Policies with regards to arts and culture
  3. Urgent Tabling of the Arts and Culture Bill
  4. Urgent Tabling of the Intellectual Property Rights Bill
  5. Establishment of National Arts and Culture Day

There is an urgent need to develop a Management Information System master plan to ensure reliable and efficient communication and applications development

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The main indicators used to determine the impact were:

1. Development of Arts festival regulations

2. Perfomance and levies framework

A team was put in place to come up with a monotoring and evaluation framework that will monitor and regulate the arts industry. Under the monitoring and evaluation plan they have included a team that will work or ensure that the strategic plan is followed and activities are carried out. This team comprising the CEO, Compliance/Legal Manager, Marketing /Coordinating Officer and the Arts and Culture Managers. The SP sets suitable output and outcome parameters with annual targets for tracking implementation. A comprehensive M&E framework has also been developed with detailed reporting system and responsibilities.The development of the SP is aimed at ensuring a systematic and coordinated plan of action. A plan is as good as its implementation. For the action to bear the desired fruits, it is important that there must be a monitoring & evaluation tool.  In addition to developing the tool, it is imperative that there must be human beings who monitor progress. For SNCAC to succeed, progress made on each activity/target will be monitored and documented.

 

 

 

 

     

    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Swaziland National Trust Commission Act of 1972 (SNTC Act 1972)

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The key Objective of the SNTC Act are to:

    1. Safeguard both the natural and cultural heritage in Swaziland.

    2. Promote unity through cultural heritage in Swaziland

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main feature of this measure is to ensure the protection of both cultural and natural heritage in Swaziland for the future generation. In doing this the SNTC supports all culture activities and both natural and cultural heritage in Swaziland through the Swaziland National Trust Commission.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The expected results oimplimenting the SNTC Act is to have all arts and cultural heritage in Swaziland identified, documented, promote and protected. The SNTC Museum Departmnt has a wing that exhibits artists'work in a way of promoting the artists and their industry in Swaziland. The SNTC acknowledges that artists are good vehicles of transmiting culture and arts to the next generation.

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Trust Commission
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The Government allocates a towards the implimentation of the measure. This budget is for the running of the whole institution of which part is the protection and development of culture and arts. it cannot be stated how much is used towards culture and arts.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    The 2005 convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The key objectives of the measure are:

    1. To protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions by encouraging governments that are party to the convention to adopt policies and measures which promote the full participation of its citizen in the process of creation, production, dissemination and distribution and also encourage states to provide access to their own cultural expressions.

    2. The measure also aims at integrating culture in sustainable development and strengthen international cooperation.

     

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    financial
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main feature of the measure is to ensure that cultural diversity in the world and in the different member states is respected and people are able to express themselves freely.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    1. The expected result through the implimentation of the measure are that the country will be aware of resources available from being part of the measure which is aimed at protecting the diversity of the its people.

    2. The country will access funding to develop arts in the country.

    3. Another expected result is the sustainable development of art and its contribution to the GDP 

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Trust Commission
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The two organisations above are Government of Swaziland's parastatals. The Government subvent them for their full operations and part of the money is towards implimenting the 2005 Convention although it is not clearly shown but one can pick from the activities. 

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    No
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    The Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland: Chapter 3 (23)(1)

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The constitution of Swaziland recognizes culture as the foundation of the Nation. The Constitution of Swaziland was revised in 2005 and in the new revised constitution culture was included. The placing of culture in the constitution was a milestone. The constitution gave the Swazi people more rights to diversity. For example chapter 3 of the Swaziand's constitution aims at ensuring "Protection and Promotion og Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. Article 23 (1) of the Constitution ensures full possible expression on culture including fredom of religion and expression. the first constitution adopted after independence in Swaziland did not have a chapter on culture, however the current constitution promulgated in 2005 devotes chapter three on cultural matters that identify the nation and creates unity and peace hence several bills are yet to be drawn to facilitate implementation of issued to drive the sector. Several other parts of the constitution supports the development of culture.

     

     

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main features of the Constitution:

    The constitution is the supreme law of Swaziland and if any other law is incosistence with this constitution that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

    Are the protection of fundamental human right in the country. These rights touched on all people in the country in their diverse ways of living. It included the freedoms of some previously marginalised groups like women and children who in previous times found themselves subjected to cultures against their will. The Constitution now gives them a right against the impossition of culture on them by the stronger groups in this case males. another main feature of the Constitution is the freedom given to people with disabilities, it allows them to express themselbes without intimidation.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    One of the major expected results from the article that touches on culture is to have a peaceful country united by its culture while embracing others.

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    The Swaziland National Trust Commission
    Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture
    Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs
    Ministry of Sport, Culture and Youth Affairs
    Ministry of Home Affairs
    Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs
    Ministry of Education and Training
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The budget allocations for the implimentation of the measure is part of the budget allocated to the Swaziland National Trust Commission and Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. In the different Ministries listed above there is a budget allocation given  to them for different cultural activities that are undertaken at Ministry level.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Swaziland National Arts and Culture Policy

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The key objectives of the measure are:

    1. To enable the language, heritage history, handicraft, fine arts, oral literature, folk lore, beliefs and other cultural features of the people of Swaziland to receive equal recognition and respect from humanity; to preserve and conserve these and pass them over to future generations;
    2. To create conducive conditions to carry out scientific research on the language, heritage history, handicrafts, fine arts, oral literature, traditional lore, beliefs and other cultural features, which as they are constitute the identity of the peoples of Swaziland; to ensure the prosperity of these cultural elements and to enhance their role in development;
    3. To ensure that all citizens can freely, equally and democratically participate in all art and cultural activities and to enable them to benefit from the sector;
    4. To create situations favourable to creative artists and researchers working in the cultural sector;
    5. To promote art and culture and to develop these in harmony with modern education, science, and technology; and to create culture conscious citizens that are proud of their culture and identity and are determined to preserve these;
    6. To ensure that traditional practices are not at variance with Human Rights;
    7. To enable arts and cultural establishments to play a significant role in the country’s programme to maintain peace, development and democracy;
    8. To establish cultural co-operation on national, continental and international levels on the basis of the equality of cultures and mutual benefit and respect;
    9. To ensure the growth and development of our cultural institutions and make them relevant to human development, democratic governance and national integration.
    10. To promote heritage preservation, conservation, promotion and the use of traditional and modern arts and crafts to create wealth and alleviate poverty.
    11. To create awareness of the traditional values and generate pride and respect for the nation’s heritage.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The Policy provides the framework for the promotion of art and culture for development and complies with international and regional instruments on culture. The core principles underlying this Policy are:

    3.1 Promoting Unity in Diversity

    Due to globalisation, there are diverse cultures in Swaziland. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on the promotion of harmonious co-existence among the different communities and encourage intra and inter-cultural exchange.

    3.2 Respecting one’s and the others’ Culture

    Respect for culture is crucial for mutual interdependence, which is a prerequisite for social harmony and cohesion. The Policy interventions shall focus on advocacy for respect of the individuals’ culture and other cultures.

    3.3 Ensuring Social Inclusion

    There are some children, youth, women, the disabled, the elderly, and people living with HIV/AIDS who are marginalised by some socio-cultural practices. These include the shunning of widows in public and community events. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on affirmative action to ensure that these categories of people participate in and benefit from cultural life.

    3.4 Promoting Cultural Change

    Culture is dynamic and cultural change is inevitable. Whilst certain elements of culture are to be preserved, it is important to catalyse change to address social and gender inequalities. The Policy interventions shall therefore encourage adapting and adopting to new ideas and approaches within the laws of Swaziland.

    3.5 Promoting Environmental Protection

    Cultural practitioners interact with and derive cultural products from the environment. Some elements of culture impact on the environment.  The environment is threatened by environmental degradation, which negatively impacts on culture activities that rely on the environment. The Policy interventions shall therefore emphasise environmental protection.

    3.6 Strengthening Partnerships

    There are various stakeholders in the delivery of cultural goods and services. It is therefore importa

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Culture is not static but dynamic and therefore it has to evolve with the people of Swaziland as they march in unison to the information and technology age.   This Art and Culture policy should provide a guide to enable the Swazi culture to evolve in a controlled direction.

    Specifically this Policy shall provide a framework to;

    1. Enhance the appreciation of the role of arts and culture in national development;
    2. Promote aspects of Swaziland’s cultural heritage that are cherished by its people;
    3. Ensure effective intra and inter-cultural exchange for harmonious coexistence;
    4. Facilitate community action against practices that impinge on human dignity;
    5. Guide, harmonise, complement and promote the distinct and complementary interventions and roles of stakeholders at all levels;
    6. Guide the private sector, traditional/cultural institutions and civil society organisations to research on and advocate for arts and culture promotion.
    7. Define the broad framework within which culture in Swaziland should be conceptualised.
    8. Enable government and other stakeholders to appreciate how they share responsibility for the creation of mechanisms and the mobilisation of resources that will facilitate the development and implementation of programmes for arts and cultural development.
    9. Identify structures and strategies that can provide a conducive environment for the preservation, promotion and presentation of the cultural heritage.
    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture,
    Ministry of Sport, Culture and Youth Affairs
    Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs
    Swaziland National Trust Commission
    Ministry of Education and Training
    Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture receives a subvention from the Government. The Goverment allocates a budget to the Swaziland National Council of Arts and culture for running of the whole institution of which part of their major activities touch on the implimentation of the above mentioned measure. Other partners make their contribution to the Council to be allocated to the various affiliates.

    The Swaziland National Trust Commission receives a subvention towards the protection of art and culture in the country. The Swaziland National Trust Commission works with the Swaziland National Council  of Arts and Culture in implimenting the measure the above.

    g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
    Name: 
    Bush fire Swaziland
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    The Bushfire Swaziland is the main parner of local artisists in the Bushfire festival annually held in Swaziland for a period of three years. This is the second year of the agreement. The Bushfire provide platform for young and estaqblishing artists towards developing skills through workshops and perfomances .  This include school festivals and young upcoming artists.  They have set aside a budget of USD 8, 000. They also sponsor indigenous music and traditional dances called Ekhaya stage during the Bushfire festival. During the festival young and up coming artists  are given the stage to show they creativity in the production of some fillers for the main sponsors.

    Name: 
    Yebo Art Gallary
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    The Yebo Gallary conduct community workshops for the developemnt of artists and provide material for the producing art during the workshops. They outreach communities, teach them and take the products leaving the artists with the skills. In the process the artisist discover their skills in arts.

    Name: 
    Swaziland Bererage
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    Swaziland Bererage sponsor young upcoming artisist where they compete during the Sibebe Friday Night Life. The winner get to perform during the Bushfire festival. They also get prizes for winning as a way of encouraging them or growing them in the perfoming art industry.

    Name: 
    MTN Swaziland
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    MTN Swaziland is a cellular network company. They sponsor school arts festival during the Bushfire festival.

    Name: 
    Macmillan Swaziland
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    This is a Publishing Private Company.Macmillan sponsor schools culture competition. They have a budget of about USD 15, 500 plus books towards winners in the competition. This money is to run the schools arts competition.

    Name: 
    Swazi Bank Swaziland
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    The Swazi Bank sponsors development in the art in the schools choral music competition. They have a budget of USD 41, 660 a year towards the development of arts in the young school children both primary and high school.

    Name: 
    Standard Bank Swaziland
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    The Standard Bank Swaziland sponsor choral music for adult groups

    Name: 
    Ford Swaziland
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    Ford Swaziland provides and sponsor transport costs for the whole duration from preparation to finals of the Miss Culture Competition

    Name: 
    OS Motors
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    OS Motors sponsors National Arts Awards by giving away cars as prizes. They have also purchased a vehicle to be used in the running of the Arts department in the SNCAC.

    Name: 
    Mbabane Motors
    Type of Entity: 
    Private company
    Type of Involvement: 

    Mbabane Motors sponsors the Miss Swaziland Competition which is run by the SNCAC under the Arts department with trasport logistics from preparation, finals to projects.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
    National
    i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

    The conclusion was that there is a need to engage more stakeholders to assist in the measure. It was discovered that important stakeholders to the Convention are not involved and so not taking an active part in the implementatin of the convention

    i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

    The number of groups registered for the competition, the number of schools registered for the competition, the number of NGOs and private organisations that took part or played an active role in the implimentation of the convention.

    ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

    SADC Protocol

    Context of the measure: 
    INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The objectives of the SADC protocol are to

    1. cooperate in the formulation anf harmonisation of cultural policies of state parties

    2. promote an attitude which takes culture into account in regional development programmes

    3. identify promote and coordinate projects in the cultural field including experiance and information exchange among diverse cultures

    4. ensure that culture plays a significant role in the economic development of the region and evaluate all SADC projects and programmes for their cultural impact

    5. promote the use of indegenous language where they exist for the promotion of the cultural identity of the region

    6. develop and promote institution of cultural heritage such as libraries, ,museums and archives in support of the broad and specific objectives of this protocol

    7. create social cultural environment within which regional intergration ideals of SADC can be realised

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    Regional
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    regulatory
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main features of the measure ar

    1. policy harmonisation

    2. training, capacity,-buiding and research

    3. resource mobilisation and utilisation

    4. production, flow, exchange and use of information products

    5. regional interaction among stakeholders

    6. gender equality and equity; and

    7. persons with disabilities 

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Expected result are

    1. The formulation of language policy that promotes indigenous languages

    2. Preservation of cultural heritage

    3. Development of cultural industries

    4. Effective organisation of Arts and Culture Festivals

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The measure is allocated a budget under the Swaziland National Council of Arts and culture budget

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

    National Development Strategy (NDS) 2022

    Context of the measure: 
    INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The key objectives of the National Developmetn strategy are:

    1. promote equality and empower women

    2. To develop global partnership for development

    3. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

    4. Achieve universal primary education

    5. Reduce child mortility

    6. Improve martanl health

    7. Combat HIV / AIDS malaria and other diseases

    8. Ensure environmental sustainability

     

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    financial
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    Main features of the measure is:

    Intergration and interconnection of the various policies and programmes . National Development strategies are comprehensive  focusing not only on economic development but also consider economic, social, political and environmental dimensions in combination and ensure a synergy among the various policies and programmes that contributes for the common strategy and goals. National Development Strategy becomes genuinly national when it is the result of as concesors among all of the principal groups in a society. A national strategy can not be the vision of one stratum group or class. National Development strategies are as a rule, the result of an open dialogue and far reaching consultations. This consulting process itself is an important element in forming a concensors in a society regarding the wide range of issues ranging from national strategy as well as tools for mobilising necesary resources (not only financial, but administrative/ organisational, institutional and even spiritual/ cultural)

     

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Expected results of the NDS is to have a met the above objectives by the year 2022. I relation to the 2005 Convention:

    1. would have established cultural indistries

    2. Would be able to import and export cultural goods

    3. Most Swazis will be able to make a living and meet most of the NDS objectives though arts and culture

     

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland Government through the Ministry of Economic Planning which also work with relevant departments and parastatals to implement it.
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    We did not get the amount allocated for the implementation of this measure by Government of Swaziland.  However the UNDP in their 2012 report states that they allocated an amount of USD 342, 413.00 towards the National Development Strategy. Some funds comes from the EU although it was not obtained how much.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b

    Chapter 3 of the Swaziland National Arts and Culture Policy

    Context of the measure: 
    EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The Key Objectives of this chapter are:

    1. Promoting unity in Diversity

    Due to globalisation, there are diverse cultures in Swaziland. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on the promotion of harmonious co-existence among the different communities and encourage intra and inter-cultural exchange.

    2. Respecting one 's and other's culture

    Respect for culture is crucial for mutual interdependence, which is a prerequisite for social harmony and cohesion. The Policy interventions shall focus on advocacy for respect of the individuals’ culture and other cultures.

    3. Ensuring social inclusion

    There are some children, youth, women, the disabled, the elderly, and people living with HIV/AIDS who are marginalised by some socio-cultural practices. These include the shunning of widows in public and community events. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on affirmative action to ensure that these categories of people participate in and benefit from cultural life.

    4. Promoting cultural change

    Culture is dynamic and cultural change is inevitable. Whilst certain elements of culture are to be preserved, it is important to catalyse change to address social and gender inequalities. The Policy interventions shall therefore encourage adapting and adopting to new ideas and approaches within the laws of Swaziland.

     

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    To promote and preserve matters relating to arts and culture instilling pride and enriching the livelihood of the Swazi people.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Expected results of the measure is to have a well regulated arts industry ensuring the benefit of the whole community of artists

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    Swaziland National Trust Commission
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The Budget allocation for this measure is under the Swaziland National Council Arts Policy budget.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CURRENT UNESCO GLOBAL PRIORITY: GENDER EQUALITY

    Chapter 8: of the Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture Policy

    Context of the measure: 
    CURRENT UNESCO GLOBAL PRIORITY: GENDER EQUALITY
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    1. Promoting Unity in Diversity

    Due to globalisation, there are diverse cultures in Swaziland. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on the promotion of harmonious co-existence among the different communities and encourage intra and inter-cultural exchange.

    2. Respecting one’s and the others’ Culture

    Respect for culture is crucial for mutual interdependence, which is a prerequisite for social harmony and cohesion. The Policy interventions shall focus on advocacy for respect of the individuals’ culture and other cultures.

    3. Ensuring Social Inclusion

    There are some children, youth, women, the disabled, the elderly, and people living with HIV/AIDS who are marginalised by some socio-cultural practices. These include the shunning of widows in public and community events. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on affirmative action to ensure that these categories of people participate in and benefit from cultural life.

    4. Promoting Cultural Change

    Culture is dynamic and cultural change is inevitable. Whilst certain elements of culture are to be preserved, it is important to catalyse change to address social and gender inequalities. The Policy interventions shall therefore encourage adapting and adopting to new ideas and approaches within the laws of Swaziland.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main featuer of the measure are the:

    1. Facilitate the implementation of the gender policies and programmes to achieve a culturally supportive society in respect of the rights and status of women and girls.
    2. Encourage fair and equal treatment of girls and boys by parents.
    3. Ensure that there is effective and equitable treatment of marriages contracted under customary law and civil law in as far as property rights is concerned.
    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Women girls and boys tend to suffer the effects of cultural stereotypes, attitudes, indirect and direct marginalisation in various areas, including, in particular, decision making, inheritance, succession, ownership of property and leadership. The expected result through the implimentation of the measure are the promotion and protection of the rights of women to reduce and eliminate gender inequalities and imbalances.

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The budget allocation for this measure is under the allocation given to the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ YOUTH

    Chapter 8 of the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture

    Context of the measure: 
    YOUTH
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 
    1. Government shall implement a youth policy to empower the youth and foster their appreciation of Swazi culture.
    2. Government shall facilitate the development of culturally based strategies aimed at eliminating ignorance among youth relating to sexuality, domestic violence, sexual abuse and rape.
    3. Ensure that the girl child is not disadvantaged by cultural practices such as early marriages resulting from kutekwa and kwendziswa.
    4. Promote expansion of the learning of cultural values, norms and practices through the school system.
    5. Promote equal opportunities for boys and girls in all spheres of life.
    6. Ensure that specific programmes for youth and children are factored into all aspects of development strategies.
    7. Support the participation of the youth in traditional and cultural events.
    8. Encourage the youth to be active in the cultural industries and explore their talent to their fullest potential
    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main feature of the measure is to promote, develop and preserve matters of Arts and Culture instilling pride and enriching the livelihoods of the Swazil people. This include the youth who also have a section in the policy that talks on how to promote and  develop their art skills

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The main expected result from implimenting the measure is developed capacity among the youth in arts as well as a developed arts industry through youth active participation.

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The financial resources allocated to the implimentaqtion of the measure are as reflected in the Arts and Culture Policy as a body responsible for developing you in arts

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    Name of the designated official signing the report
    Title:
    Mr
    Family Name:
    Dlamini
    First Name:
    Stanley Mthunzi
    Position:
    Chief Executive Officer
    Organization:
    Chief Executive Officer
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture Bill

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The objects of this bill are to –

    1. To provide for a feasible efficient administration of Arts and Culture Industry through the National Arts and Culture Council; and
    2. Provide for incidental matters.
    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The main features of the measure which is the Arts and Culture Bill of  2012 are to regulate and administrate the Arts sector in Swaziland. The Bill looks specifically into arts and not much on culture as stated on the policy.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The expected result expected through the implimentation of the measure is to have a well regulated arts industry in Swaziland.

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The Government of Swaziland allocates a budget of USD 160, 000 per year towards the development of the arts industry in Swaziland as a way of implimenting the measure.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Swaziland National Arts and Culture Strategic Plan

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture promotes and develops art and culture through:

    • regulating the industry,
    • coordinating  arts and cultural activities,
    • advocacy and collaboration with key stakeholders,
    • sensitization on cultural values,   
    • socio-economic empowerment of artists.                                                                                          

     

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    regulatory
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

     

    The main features of the measure are to:

    1. Advocacy2. Income Generation / Resource mobilisation

    3.Promotio and coordination

    4. Regulation

    5. Capacity Building

    6. Infrustructure Development                                                                                        

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The expected result through the implimentation of the Arts and Culture strategic Bill is a well regulated arts and culture industry.

    f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
    Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The allocation of funds towards this measure is catered under the the above measure which are under the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. The Bill, Policy and Strategic plan are under the same budget of the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. 

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    Yes
    i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
    National
    i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

    From the Strategic Plan document, identified projects that can be implemented in a short space of time subject to availability of financial resources (-though some of them are long term, they can be executed in phases-) encompass:

    1. Development of Board Charter
    2. Inter- Ministerial Committee Synchronization of Government Policies with regards to arts and culture
    3. Urgent Tabling of the Arts and Culture Bill
    4. Urgent Tabling of the Intellectual Property Rights Bill
    5. Establishment of National Arts and Culture Day

    There is an urgent need to develop a Management Information System master plan to ensure reliable and efficient communication and applications development

    i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

    The main indicators used to determine the impact were:

    1. Development of Arts festival regulations

    2. Perfomance and levies framework

    A team was put in place to come up with a monotoring and evaluation framework that will monitor and regulate the arts industry. Under the monitoring and evaluation plan they have included a team that will work or ensure that the strategic plan is followed and activities are carried out. This team comprising the CEO, Compliance/Legal Manager, Marketing /Coordinating Officer and the Arts and Culture Managers. The SP sets suitable output and outcome parameters with annual targets for tracking implementation. A comprehensive M&E framework has also been developed with detailed reporting system and responsibilities.The development of the SP is aimed at ensuring a systematic and coordinated plan of action. A plan is as good as its implementation. For the action to bear the desired fruits, it is important that there must be a monitoring & evaluation tool.  In addition to developing the tool, it is imperative that there must be human beings who monitor progress. For SNCAC to succeed, progress made on each activity/target will be monitored and documented.

     

     

     

     

       

      ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

      Swaziland National Trust Commission Act of 1972 (SNTC Act 1972)

      Context of the measure: 
      CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The key Objective of the SNTC Act are to:

      1. Safeguard both the natural and cultural heritage in Swaziland.

      2. Promote unity through cultural heritage in Swaziland

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      institutional
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The main feature of this measure is to ensure the protection of both cultural and natural heritage in Swaziland for the future generation. In doing this the SNTC supports all culture activities and both natural and cultural heritage in Swaziland through the Swaziland National Trust Commission.

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      The expected results oimplimenting the SNTC Act is to have all arts and cultural heritage in Swaziland identified, documented, promote and protected. The SNTC Museum Departmnt has a wing that exhibits artists'work in a way of promoting the artists and their industry in Swaziland. The SNTC acknowledges that artists are good vehicles of transmiting culture and arts to the next generation.

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Trust Commission
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The Government allocates a towards the implimentation of the measure. This budget is for the running of the whole institution of which part is the protection and development of culture and arts. it cannot be stated how much is used towards culture and arts.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      Yes
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

      The 2005 convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions

      Context of the measure: 
      CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The key objectives of the measure are:

      1. To protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions by encouraging governments that are party to the convention to adopt policies and measures which promote the full participation of its citizen in the process of creation, production, dissemination and distribution and also encourage states to provide access to their own cultural expressions.

      2. The measure also aims at integrating culture in sustainable development and strengthen international cooperation.

       

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      International
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      financial
      institutional
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The main feature of the measure is to ensure that cultural diversity in the world and in the different member states is respected and people are able to express themselves freely.

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      1. The expected result through the implimentation of the measure are that the country will be aware of resources available from being part of the measure which is aimed at protecting the diversity of the its people.

      2. The country will access funding to develop arts in the country.

      3. Another expected result is the sustainable development of art and its contribution to the GDP 

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Trust Commission
      Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The two organisations above are Government of Swaziland's parastatals. The Government subvent them for their full operations and part of the money is towards implimenting the 2005 Convention although it is not clearly shown but one can pick from the activities. 

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      No
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

      The Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland: Chapter 3 (23)(1)

      Context of the measure: 
      CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The constitution of Swaziland recognizes culture as the foundation of the Nation. The Constitution of Swaziland was revised in 2005 and in the new revised constitution culture was included. The placing of culture in the constitution was a milestone. The constitution gave the Swazi people more rights to diversity. For example chapter 3 of the Swaziand's constitution aims at ensuring "Protection and Promotion og Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. Article 23 (1) of the Constitution ensures full possible expression on culture including fredom of religion and expression. the first constitution adopted after independence in Swaziland did not have a chapter on culture, however the current constitution promulgated in 2005 devotes chapter three on cultural matters that identify the nation and creates unity and peace hence several bills are yet to be drawn to facilitate implementation of issued to drive the sector. Several other parts of the constitution supports the development of culture.

       

       

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      institutional
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The main features of the Constitution:

      The constitution is the supreme law of Swaziland and if any other law is incosistence with this constitution that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

      Are the protection of fundamental human right in the country. These rights touched on all people in the country in their diverse ways of living. It included the freedoms of some previously marginalised groups like women and children who in previous times found themselves subjected to cultures against their will. The Constitution now gives them a right against the impossition of culture on them by the stronger groups in this case males. another main feature of the Constitution is the freedom given to people with disabilities, it allows them to express themselbes without intimidation.

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      One of the major expected results from the article that touches on culture is to have a peaceful country united by its culture while embracing others.

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      The Swaziland National Trust Commission
      Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture
      Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs
      Ministry of Sport, Culture and Youth Affairs
      Ministry of Home Affairs
      Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs
      Ministry of Education and Training
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The budget allocations for the implimentation of the measure is part of the budget allocated to the Swaziland National Trust Commission and Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture. In the different Ministries listed above there is a budget allocation given  to them for different cultural activities that are undertaken at Ministry level.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

      Swaziland National Arts and Culture Policy

      Context of the measure: 
      CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The key objectives of the measure are:

      1. To enable the language, heritage history, handicraft, fine arts, oral literature, folk lore, beliefs and other cultural features of the people of Swaziland to receive equal recognition and respect from humanity; to preserve and conserve these and pass them over to future generations;
      2. To create conducive conditions to carry out scientific research on the language, heritage history, handicrafts, fine arts, oral literature, traditional lore, beliefs and other cultural features, which as they are constitute the identity of the peoples of Swaziland; to ensure the prosperity of these cultural elements and to enhance their role in development;
      3. To ensure that all citizens can freely, equally and democratically participate in all art and cultural activities and to enable them to benefit from the sector;
      4. To create situations favourable to creative artists and researchers working in the cultural sector;
      5. To promote art and culture and to develop these in harmony with modern education, science, and technology; and to create culture conscious citizens that are proud of their culture and identity and are determined to preserve these;
      6. To ensure that traditional practices are not at variance with Human Rights;
      7. To enable arts and cultural establishments to play a significant role in the country’s programme to maintain peace, development and democracy;
      8. To establish cultural co-operation on national, continental and international levels on the basis of the equality of cultures and mutual benefit and respect;
      9. To ensure the growth and development of our cultural institutions and make them relevant to human development, democratic governance and national integration.
      10. To promote heritage preservation, conservation, promotion and the use of traditional and modern arts and crafts to create wealth and alleviate poverty.
      11. To create awareness of the traditional values and generate pride and respect for the nation’s heritage.

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      institutional
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The Policy provides the framework for the promotion of art and culture for development and complies with international and regional instruments on culture. The core principles underlying this Policy are:

      3.1 Promoting Unity in Diversity

      Due to globalisation, there are diverse cultures in Swaziland. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on the promotion of harmonious co-existence among the different communities and encourage intra and inter-cultural exchange.

      3.2 Respecting one’s and the others’ Culture

      Respect for culture is crucial for mutual interdependence, which is a prerequisite for social harmony and cohesion. The Policy interventions shall focus on advocacy for respect of the individuals’ culture and other cultures.

      3.3 Ensuring Social Inclusion

      There are some children, youth, women, the disabled, the elderly, and people living with HIV/AIDS who are marginalised by some socio-cultural practices. These include the shunning of widows in public and community events. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on affirmative action to ensure that these categories of people participate in and benefit from cultural life.

      3.4 Promoting Cultural Change

      Culture is dynamic and cultural change is inevitable. Whilst certain elements of culture are to be preserved, it is important to catalyse change to address social and gender inequalities. The Policy interventions shall therefore encourage adapting and adopting to new ideas and approaches within the laws of Swaziland.

      3.5 Promoting Environmental Protection

      Cultural practitioners interact with and derive cultural products from the environment. Some elements of culture impact on the environment.  The environment is threatened by environmental degradation, which negatively impacts on culture activities that rely on the environment. The Policy interventions shall therefore emphasise environmental protection.

      3.6 Strengthening Partnerships

      There are various stakeholders in the delivery of cultural goods and services. It is therefore importa

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      Culture is not static but dynamic and therefore it has to evolve with the people of Swaziland as they march in unison to the information and technology age.   This Art and Culture policy should provide a guide to enable the Swazi culture to evolve in a controlled direction.

      Specifically this Policy shall provide a framework to;

      1. Enhance the appreciation of the role of arts and culture in national development;
      2. Promote aspects of Swaziland’s cultural heritage that are cherished by its people;
      3. Ensure effective intra and inter-cultural exchange for harmonious coexistence;
      4. Facilitate community action against practices that impinge on human dignity;
      5. Guide, harmonise, complement and promote the distinct and complementary interventions and roles of stakeholders at all levels;
      6. Guide the private sector, traditional/cultural institutions and civil society organisations to research on and advocate for arts and culture promotion.
      7. Define the broad framework within which culture in Swaziland should be conceptualised.
      8. Enable government and other stakeholders to appreciate how they share responsibility for the creation of mechanisms and the mobilisation of resources that will facilitate the development and implementation of programmes for arts and cultural development.
      9. Identify structures and strategies that can provide a conducive environment for the preservation, promotion and presentation of the cultural heritage.
      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture,
      Ministry of Sport, Culture and Youth Affairs
      Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs
      Swaziland National Trust Commission
      Ministry of Education and Training
      Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture receives a subvention from the Government. The Goverment allocates a budget to the Swaziland National Council of Arts and culture for running of the whole institution of which part of their major activities touch on the implimentation of the above mentioned measure. Other partners make their contribution to the Council to be allocated to the various affiliates.

      The Swaziland National Trust Commission receives a subvention towards the protection of art and culture in the country. The Swaziland National Trust Commission works with the Swaziland National Council  of Arts and Culture in implimenting the measure the above.

      g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
      Name: 
      Bush fire Swaziland
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      The Bushfire Swaziland is the main parner of local artisists in the Bushfire festival annually held in Swaziland for a period of three years. This is the second year of the agreement. The Bushfire provide platform for young and estaqblishing artists towards developing skills through workshops and perfomances .  This include school festivals and young upcoming artists.  They have set aside a budget of USD 8, 000. They also sponsor indigenous music and traditional dances called Ekhaya stage during the Bushfire festival. During the festival young and up coming artists  are given the stage to show they creativity in the production of some fillers for the main sponsors.

      Name: 
      Yebo Art Gallary
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      The Yebo Gallary conduct community workshops for the developemnt of artists and provide material for the producing art during the workshops. They outreach communities, teach them and take the products leaving the artists with the skills. In the process the artisist discover their skills in arts.

      Name: 
      Swaziland Bererage
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      Swaziland Bererage sponsor young upcoming artisist where they compete during the Sibebe Friday Night Life. The winner get to perform during the Bushfire festival. They also get prizes for winning as a way of encouraging them or growing them in the perfoming art industry.

      Name: 
      MTN Swaziland
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      MTN Swaziland is a cellular network company. They sponsor school arts festival during the Bushfire festival.

      Name: 
      Macmillan Swaziland
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      This is a Publishing Private Company.Macmillan sponsor schools culture competition. They have a budget of about USD 15, 500 plus books towards winners in the competition. This money is to run the schools arts competition.

      Name: 
      Swazi Bank Swaziland
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      The Swazi Bank sponsors development in the art in the schools choral music competition. They have a budget of USD 41, 660 a year towards the development of arts in the young school children both primary and high school.

      Name: 
      Standard Bank Swaziland
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      The Standard Bank Swaziland sponsor choral music for adult groups

      Name: 
      Ford Swaziland
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      Ford Swaziland provides and sponsor transport costs for the whole duration from preparation to finals of the Miss Culture Competition

      Name: 
      OS Motors
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      OS Motors sponsors National Arts Awards by giving away cars as prizes. They have also purchased a vehicle to be used in the running of the Arts department in the SNCAC.

      Name: 
      Mbabane Motors
      Type of Entity: 
      Private company
      Type of Involvement: 

      Mbabane Motors sponsors the Miss Swaziland Competition which is run by the SNCAC under the Arts department with trasport logistics from preparation, finals to projects.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
      National
      i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

      The conclusion was that there is a need to engage more stakeholders to assist in the measure. It was discovered that important stakeholders to the Convention are not involved and so not taking an active part in the implementatin of the convention

      i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

      The number of groups registered for the competition, the number of schools registered for the competition, the number of NGOs and private organisations that took part or played an active role in the implimentation of the convention.

      ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

      SADC Protocol

      Context of the measure: 
      INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The objectives of the SADC protocol are to

      1. cooperate in the formulation anf harmonisation of cultural policies of state parties

      2. promote an attitude which takes culture into account in regional development programmes

      3. identify promote and coordinate projects in the cultural field including experiance and information exchange among diverse cultures

      4. ensure that culture plays a significant role in the economic development of the region and evaluate all SADC projects and programmes for their cultural impact

      5. promote the use of indegenous language where they exist for the promotion of the cultural identity of the region

      6. develop and promote institution of cultural heritage such as libraries, ,museums and archives in support of the broad and specific objectives of this protocol

      7. create social cultural environment within which regional intergration ideals of SADC can be realised

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      Regional
      International
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      regulatory
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The main features of the measure ar

      1. policy harmonisation

      2. training, capacity,-buiding and research

      3. resource mobilisation and utilisation

      4. production, flow, exchange and use of information products

      5. regional interaction among stakeholders

      6. gender equality and equity; and

      7. persons with disabilities 

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      Expected result are

      1. The formulation of language policy that promotes indigenous languages

      2. Preservation of cultural heritage

      3. Development of cultural industries

      4. Effective organisation of Arts and Culture Festivals

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The measure is allocated a budget under the Swaziland National Council of Arts and culture budget

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

      National Development Strategy (NDS) 2022

      Context of the measure: 
      INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The key objectives of the National Developmetn strategy are:

      1. promote equality and empower women

      2. To develop global partnership for development

      3. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

      4. Achieve universal primary education

      5. Reduce child mortility

      6. Improve martanl health

      7. Combat HIV / AIDS malaria and other diseases

      8. Ensure environmental sustainability

       

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      financial
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      Main features of the measure is:

      Intergration and interconnection of the various policies and programmes . National Development strategies are comprehensive  focusing not only on economic development but also consider economic, social, political and environmental dimensions in combination and ensure a synergy among the various policies and programmes that contributes for the common strategy and goals. National Development Strategy becomes genuinly national when it is the result of as concesors among all of the principal groups in a society. A national strategy can not be the vision of one stratum group or class. National Development strategies are as a rule, the result of an open dialogue and far reaching consultations. This consulting process itself is an important element in forming a concensors in a society regarding the wide range of issues ranging from national strategy as well as tools for mobilising necesary resources (not only financial, but administrative/ organisational, institutional and even spiritual/ cultural)

       

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      Expected results of the NDS is to have a met the above objectives by the year 2022. I relation to the 2005 Convention:

      1. would have established cultural indistries

      2. Would be able to import and export cultural goods

      3. Most Swazis will be able to make a living and meet most of the NDS objectives though arts and culture

       

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland Government through the Ministry of Economic Planning which also work with relevant departments and parastatals to implement it.
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      We did not get the amount allocated for the implementation of this measure by Government of Swaziland.  However the UNDP in their 2012 report states that they allocated an amount of USD 342, 413.00 towards the National Development Strategy. Some funds comes from the EU although it was not obtained how much.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b

      Chapter 3 of the Swaziland National Arts and Culture Policy

      Context of the measure: 
      EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      The Key Objectives of this chapter are:

      1. Promoting unity in Diversity

      Due to globalisation, there are diverse cultures in Swaziland. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on the promotion of harmonious co-existence among the different communities and encourage intra and inter-cultural exchange.

      2. Respecting one 's and other's culture

      Respect for culture is crucial for mutual interdependence, which is a prerequisite for social harmony and cohesion. The Policy interventions shall focus on advocacy for respect of the individuals’ culture and other cultures.

      3. Ensuring social inclusion

      There are some children, youth, women, the disabled, the elderly, and people living with HIV/AIDS who are marginalised by some socio-cultural practices. These include the shunning of widows in public and community events. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on affirmative action to ensure that these categories of people participate in and benefit from cultural life.

      4. Promoting cultural change

      Culture is dynamic and cultural change is inevitable. Whilst certain elements of culture are to be preserved, it is important to catalyse change to address social and gender inequalities. The Policy interventions shall therefore encourage adapting and adopting to new ideas and approaches within the laws of Swaziland.

       

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      To promote and preserve matters relating to arts and culture instilling pride and enriching the livelihood of the Swazi people.

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      Expected results of the measure is to have a well regulated arts industry ensuring the benefit of the whole community of artists

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
      Swaziland National Trust Commission
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The Budget allocation for this measure is under the Swaziland National Council Arts Policy budget.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ CURRENT UNESCO GLOBAL PRIORITY: GENDER EQUALITY

      Chapter 8: of the Swaziland National Council Arts and Culture Policy

      Context of the measure: 
      CURRENT UNESCO GLOBAL PRIORITY: GENDER EQUALITY
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 

      1. Promoting Unity in Diversity

      Due to globalisation, there are diverse cultures in Swaziland. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on the promotion of harmonious co-existence among the different communities and encourage intra and inter-cultural exchange.

      2. Respecting one’s and the others’ Culture

      Respect for culture is crucial for mutual interdependence, which is a prerequisite for social harmony and cohesion. The Policy interventions shall focus on advocacy for respect of the individuals’ culture and other cultures.

      3. Ensuring Social Inclusion

      There are some children, youth, women, the disabled, the elderly, and people living with HIV/AIDS who are marginalised by some socio-cultural practices. These include the shunning of widows in public and community events. The Policy interventions shall therefore focus on affirmative action to ensure that these categories of people participate in and benefit from cultural life.

      4. Promoting Cultural Change

      Culture is dynamic and cultural change is inevitable. Whilst certain elements of culture are to be preserved, it is important to catalyse change to address social and gender inequalities. The Policy interventions shall therefore encourage adapting and adopting to new ideas and approaches within the laws of Swaziland.

      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The main featuer of the measure are the:

      1. Facilitate the implementation of the gender policies and programmes to achieve a culturally supportive society in respect of the rights and status of women and girls.
      2. Encourage fair and equal treatment of girls and boys by parents.
      3. Ensure that there is effective and equitable treatment of marriages contracted under customary law and civil law in as far as property rights is concerned.
      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      Women girls and boys tend to suffer the effects of cultural stereotypes, attitudes, indirect and direct marginalisation in various areas, including, in particular, decision making, inheritance, succession, ownership of property and leadership. The expected result through the implimentation of the measure are the promotion and protection of the rights of women to reduce and eliminate gender inequalities and imbalances.

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The budget allocation for this measure is under the allocation given to the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ YOUTH

      Chapter 8 of the Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture

      Context of the measure: 
      YOUTH
      b. Key objectives of the measure: 
      1. Government shall implement a youth policy to empower the youth and foster their appreciation of Swazi culture.
      2. Government shall facilitate the development of culturally based strategies aimed at eliminating ignorance among youth relating to sexuality, domestic violence, sexual abuse and rape.
      3. Ensure that the girl child is not disadvantaged by cultural practices such as early marriages resulting from kutekwa and kwendziswa.
      4. Promote expansion of the learning of cultural values, norms and practices through the school system.
      5. Promote equal opportunities for boys and girls in all spheres of life.
      6. Ensure that specific programmes for youth and children are factored into all aspects of development strategies.
      7. Support the participation of the youth in traditional and cultural events.
      8. Encourage the youth to be active in the cultural industries and explore their talent to their fullest potential
      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      National
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      legislative
      regulatory
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      The main feature of the measure is to promote, develop and preserve matters of Arts and Culture instilling pride and enriching the livelihoods of the Swazil people. This include the youth who also have a section in the policy that talks on how to promote and  develop their art skills

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

      The main expected result from implimenting the measure is developed capacity among the youth in arts as well as a developed arts industry through youth active participation.

      f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
      Swaziland National Council of Arts and Culture
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The financial resources allocated to the implimentaqtion of the measure are as reflected in the Arts and Culture Policy as a body responsible for developing you in arts

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No