Quadrennial Periodic Report
Egypt 2020

Quadrennial Periodic Report - - 10/29/2020 - 11:08

General Information

Technical Information

Name of Party: 
Egypt
Date of Ratification: 
2020
Officially Designated Point of Contact of the Convention: 

QPR Stakeholder

Title: 
Mr.
Address: 
Anwar Moghith
Ministry of culture
27 Yehya Ibrahim st. Zamalek- Cairo
Helwan University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy departement - Cairo
Cairo
C
00000
Egypt
Phone Number: 
00201001007959
Email: 
anwar.moghith@gmail.com
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report, including consultations with relevant ministries, public institutions, local governments and civil society organizations.: 

The working group included representatives of the Ministry of Culture, university professors, cultural personnel from municipalities, and representatives of the civil society in the field of culture. As we were working on drafting this report, we discovered the massive number of CSOs working in the field of culture and the vast geographical distribution of their cultural activity all over Egypt. To take note of this activity and the circumstances of its production, we found ourselves before two choices: either to send questionnaires to these organizations to collect data, or to meet with representatives of the CSOs We scheduled a meeting with representatives of ten of the most active of these organizations in Egypt, and the meeting was fruitful on several levels.

Executive summary: 

Egypt is known for its ancient and varied cultural heritage. It is also known for its diverse cultural reality and its leading role in producing cultural goods and disseminating them in its Arab sphere since the middle of the 19th century and to date. The latest constitution, issued in 2014, recognizes the necessity of protecting and promoting cultural diversity, as well as the need to protect freedom of creativity. This indicate the 2005 Convention’s success and its positive impact on the contemporary international scene.
The Ministry of Culture’s role as an important and central actor in the cultural scene, as it undertakes multiple tasks distributed among production in the fields of publishing, cinema, theater and music. The Ministry also provides accessibility through its multiple sites and institutions all over the country, in addition to providing material and logistical support for initiatives from the private sector and civil society. The report provides statistics on the budget of the Ministry of Culture and its distribution among the various sectors.
The report emphasized the Egyptian government’s adoption of Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS): Egypt Vision 2030, in which culture plays a key role, outlining many policies and to encourage the production of traditional goods and support training workshops that allow the continuation of their production, as well as preparing new generations of qualified youth and facilitating their social integration.
With regard to the media, there are state-owned newspapers and private newspapers, as well as public and private television channels. The National Media Authority regulates their practices, issues permits and receives complaints. The Ministry of Culture is currently collaborating with the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology to launch a large website that preserves and makes available the heritage in the fields of cinema, theater, music, books and virtual visits to museums. The circumstances of the COVID pandemic have contributed to the crystallization of creative initiatives in this field; a detailed review can be found in the annex.
The report summarizes the most important articles of the law recently issued in 2019, which was issued to regulate the process of establishing and operating CSOs. This law was issued after consultations with representatives of CSCs.
The report shows the Ministry of Culture’s interest in financing the mobility of artists inside the country. The Ministry also allocates a budget to help creative people to represent Egypt abroad and facilitate their obtaining of visas, as well as hosting foreign creators in Egypt. There are many bilateral agreements in this field and the report offers statistics on the mobility of artists over the four years covered by the report.
According to Egypt’s Vision 2030, the government adopted a strategy for cultural work that includes the following objectives: promoting positive values in society and countering extremism, achieving cultural justice, achieving cultural leadership, nurturing talents, developing cultural institutions, and preserving cultural heritage.
The report also outlines some forms of international exchange in the field of culture, such as the initiative of the presidency designating each year a specific country during with whom reciprocal cultural activities take place. This has been carried out with China, France and Russia.
The active role of women in cultural is evident. We included some statistics in the report as indicators, such as statistics on creators representing Egypt abroad, where we notice that the majority are women.
The constitution and the law guarantee freedom of expression and creativity. There is no censorship in the field of publishing, and the task of censorship in cinema and television is to give permits.
A large number of artists are affiliated to the Ministry as government employees, and thus have health insurance guaranteed by the state. The rest of the artists are affiliated to professional syndicates which are responsible for providing them with health insurance.

Contact details of the stakeholders involved in the preparation of the quadrennial periodic report (QPR). Please also include the contact details of the civil society organizations (CSOs) if they have contributed to the QPR drafting, including through the CSO form.: 
Organization typeOrganizationEmailWebsite
Public Sector
National center of Translation
nct@nct.gov.eg
Public Sector
Egyptian National Commission for UNESCO
egypt.nactom@gmail.com

Goal 1 - Support Sustainable Systems of Governance for Culture

Cultural and Creative Sectors

A Ministry (or agency with ministerial status) is responsible for cultural and creative sectors: 
YES
Regional, provincial or local governments or administrations have decentralised responsibilities for policies and measures promoting the cultural and creative sectors:: 
YES
Regulatory frameworks and sector specific laws, policies and/or strategies supporting the cultural and creative industries have been revised or adopted during the last 4 years: 
YES
If YES, has at least one of them been designed through interministerial cooperation (involving different government departments responsible for policy areas, such as communication, education, ICT, trade, foreign affairs, labor, finance): 
YES
Specific education and training programmes in the arts and the cultural and creative sectors are established, including: 
Cinema/Audiovisual arts
Cultural management
Design
Digital cultural and creative sectors
Media arts
Music
Performing arts
Publishing
Visual arts
Cinema/audiovisual arts
Cultural management
Design
Digital cultural and creative sectors
Media arts
Music
Performing arts
Publishing
Visual arts
Specific measures and programmes have been implemented over the last 4 years to: 
Support job creation in the cultural and creative sectors
Encourage the formalization and growth of micro/small and medium-sized cultural enterprises
Statistical offices or research bodies have produced data during the last 4 years: 
related to cultural and creative sectors
evaluating cultural policies
Share of cultural and creative sectors in Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 
3.00%
Total public budget for culture (in USD): 
226,160,604USD
Please provide whenever possible the share allocated by cultural sectors/domains (in %): 
Sector 2.4% The Ministry of Culture’s Office 5.4% The Supreme Council of Culture 9.5% The Academy of Arts 32.1% The General Authority for Cultural Palaces 7.8% The General Egyptian Book Organization 5.4% The National Library & Archives of Egypt 9.7% The National Cultural Center " Cairo Opera House" 1.4% The Cultural Production Sector 7.4% The Sector of Fine Arts 0.89% The National Organization of Urban Harmony 2.8% The Cultural Development Fund 0.73% The National Center of Translation 0.76% The National Center of Cinema 5.89% The Theatre Production House 4.47% The Folk Art Production House 0.29% The National Center of Theater 2.71% Misr Public Library
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Egypt Vision 2030

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS): Egypt Vision 2030 represents a foothold on the way towards inclusive development, thus cultivating a prosperity path through economic and social justice. SDS represents a roadmap for maximizing competitive advantage to achieve the aspirations of Egyptians in a dignified and decent life. It also represents an embodiment of the new constitution’s spirit, setting welfare and prosperity as the main economic objectives, to be achieved via sustainable development, social justice and a balanced geographical and sectoral growth. Therefore, SDS has been developed according to a participatory strategic planning approach; as various civil society representatives, national and international development partners and government agencies have collaborated to set comprehensive objectives for all pillars and sectors of the country. The current local, regional and global circumstances give the SDS a comparative advantage and importance for revisiting the strategic vision to cope and deal with international updates and developments, thus helping Egypt recover and achieve specific objectives. SDS has followed the sustainable development principle as a general framework for improving the quality of lives and welfare, taking into consideration the rights of new generations to a prosperous life; thus, dealing with three main dimensions; the economic, social, and environmental dimensions. In addition, SDS is based upon the principles of “inclusive sustainable development” and “balanced regional development”; emphasizing the full participation in development and ensuring its yields to all parties. The strategy also considers equal opportunities for all, closing development gaps, and efficient use of resources to ensure the rights of future generations. Egypt Vision 2030 includes an important and detailed pillar on “Culture”. It highlights the main strategies adopted by Egypt to develop the cultural sector. The Pillar on Culture By 2030, there will be a positive cultural system in the Egyptian society that respects diversity and difference, empowers Egyptian citizens’ access to the means of knowledge acquisition, opens up new horizons for them to interact with the facts of their contemporary world and grasp their history and Egyptian cultural heritage, helps them gain the ability to choose freely, and secures their right to cultural practice and production. The positive elements of culture should be a source of power to achieve development, an added value to the national economy, and a basis for Egypt’s soft power regionally and internationally. Strategic Objectives • Supporting cultural industries as a source of economic power • Empowering cultural industries to become a source of power for achieving development and an added value to the Egyptian economy, making it a basis for Egypt’s soft power regionally and internationally • Increasing the efficiency of cultural institutions and personnel working in the cultural system • Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of cultural institutions, maximizing their role and influence, and widening their reach to the various segments of society, and similarly enhancing the capacities of the personnel working in the cultural system as befits our reality and the circumstances of the current stage • Protecting and promoting all kinds of cultural heritage • Ensuring the protection and maintenance of cultural heritage and increasing awareness of it within Egypt and abroad The strategy includes specific mechanisms to implement the mentioned strategies and keys performance indicators (KPIs) as well. A committee in the Ministry of Culture assures the implementation and follow of Egypt Vision 2030. The strategy is the main reference for the ministry priorities and annual plans. Dr. Inas Abdel-Dayem, The Minister of Culture has specified the objectives of the ministry for the coming three years as follow: - The Egyptian Ministry of Culture pays special attention to people with disabilities, organizing a diverse cultural program for them including the establishment of theatre troupes featuring children with disabilities, the publication of a Braille magazine, as well as designing special halls for the blind to enjoy musical and artistic activities. - The ministry’s strategy involves promoting creativity in Egypt, empowering women to achieve gender equality in the cultural sector, supporting urban transformation, establishing local markets for creativity and cultural industry, enhancing cultural diversity, consolidating the role of culture in cities, and praising pluralism and positive community participation. - Developing skills and encouraging creativity and innovation in order to build a strong Egyptian personality, as well as integrating culture into environmental and social development strategies. - The ministry pays a special attention to protecting cultural heritage through a special program aimed at building a productive basis in the field of handicrafts from which to launch many small and micro projects for the youth and protect this tradition from vanishing. - Confronting extremism and fanaticism, discovering and adopting new talents, establishing cultural centres targeting all age levels starting from the age of six, opening new branches of the Academy of Arts in several provinces, launching the roaming theatre initiative to consolidate the values of citizenship and to confront extremist ideologies, and using public areas to promote dialogue and social interaction. The full version of Egypt Vision 2030 can be checked here: https://cabinet.gov.eg/e371_8e49/GovernmentStrategy/pages/egypt%E2%80%99svisio n2030.aspx
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
Egypt Vision 2030 has contributed in designing the state strategy regarding culture in the coming years. The vision has been transformed into annual strategies and plans that will be stated in details in the following policies and measures in the report. The Ministry's action plan, includes 7 main objectives: 1. Developing cultural institutions 2. Promoting positive values in society 3. Achieving cultural justice 4. Developing the skills of talented and creative people 5. Reinforcement of regional and International relationships 6. Supporting cultural industries 7. Protecting and promoting cultural heritage
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Ministry of Education - Ministry of Youth and Sport - Ministry of Religious Affairs (Awkaaf) - Ministry of Information - Ministry of Communication - Civil Society & private sector - Media
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
- Al Warcha theater group - Angelic organization for cultural development - Nubian heritage association - Art d'Egypte - Culture Wheel center - Afca for Arts and Culture - Sahara association – Siwa - Jesuites Association for cultural and scientific renais
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)

Cultural Institution Development Program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The first program, developing cultural institutions, aims to replace and renovate some cultural institutions, while for other institutions it aims to increase their efficiency, rehabilitate and secure them. It also aims to incorporate new institutions into cultural services according to specific schedules.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• To implement the Cultural Institution Development Program, cultural institutions were redeveloped, and their efficiency was increased at a financial cost of 1.28 billion EGP. The Ministry of Culture inaugurated 18 cultural sites in 11 governorates, including culture palaces and culture houses. Seven theatres were also reopened and inaugurated after their redevelopment at a financial cost of around 266 million EGP, including the National Theatre, El Taliaa Theatre (Vanguard Theatre), the Cairo Puppet Theatre, the Floating Theatre, Al Ghad Theater (Theatre of Tomorrow), and Mohamed Abdel Wahab Theatre in Alexandria. • Within the framework of the Cultural Institution Development Program, National Library and Archives in the area of Bab El Khalk was also reopened at a cost of 45 million EGP, and the National Library and Archives’ reading room was inaugurated at a financial cost of around 5.8 million EGP. The arts and music hall was also inaugurated, along with the Naguib Mahfouz Museum and Creativity Centre in the Muhammad Bek Abul-Dahab Complex in Al-Azhar district, which was inaugurated at a financial cost of 13.3 million EGP. The General Egyptian Book Authority also reopened its outlet in Beirut, Lebanon, and opened a new outlet in Beni-Suef University. Moreover, The Translator’s Library and Misr Public Library’s new branch in Damanhour were inaugurated. • Regarding the sites targeted for inauguration until the end of 2020, we aim to inaugurate 18 projects at a financial cost of 756 million EGP. • The objectives of the Cultural Institute Development Program include digitization. In light of the State’s tendency towards digitization, the Ministry of Culture has taken serious steps in the Digitization Project, which targets the provision of cultural services to the largest possible audience within Egypt and abroad, in collaboration with the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Around five thousand Arabic books, translations into numerous languages, 100 historical manuscripts, documentaries, films, plays, cultural and artistic programs, rare maps, microfilms, and catalogues were prepared for the Greater Cairo Public Library, the Misr Public Library, the Cairo Opera House, and the square beautification projects. • The programs also ensure restructuring the administrative apparatus of the Ministry of Culture and enhancing the capacities and efficiency of its personnel through training and qualifying courses and by developing their skills. This contributed to creating a new generation of trained young leaders, as well as restructuring the Supreme Council of Culture and its committees within the framework of the Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS): Egypt Vision 2030, and as part of the cultural policy planning in accordance with the State’s general strategy.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
1325870992 EGP
(1US$ = Average 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - The General Egyptian Book Organization - Cultural Development Fund - National Center for Translation - Media
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Promoting positive values in society program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
- The Promoting Positive Values in Society Program is the second program in the Ministry of Culture’s action plan. It aims to instill the values of citizenship in society to achieve the objectives of the SDS and the pursuit of a better life by building the character of the Egyptian citizen to be an active member in a cohesive social structure that combats extremism and preserves the national identity.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• The ministry carried out 85 thousand cultural activities, including symposiums, salons, cultural conferences, plays, and arts shows, to the direct benefit of around 2.526 million citizens. The ministry also put on 743 theatre performances and 33760 cultural and artistic events with a view to entrenching the principles of diversity and accepting the Other. In addition, cultural and artistic competitions were held to instill the values of national belonging, such as the National Belonging Playwriting Competition and the second season of the competition entitled “I Am the Egyptian”. • The minsitry also held exhibitions and intellectual salons to acquaint the youth with their cultural identity, including the Youth Salon, the Forum for Cultural Dialogue, and the inauguration of the 40th session of the General Exhibition at the Museum of Modern Egyptian Art , in addition to launching the events of the fifth exhibition in the Culture Ministry's “Treasures of Our Museums”, A selection of European Art series. The ministry honored 17 figures from among the symbols of the Revolution of 1919, which represented a turning point in Egypt’s modern history, as part of the events organized by the ministry in celebration of the Revolution’s hundredth anniversary. • The ministry also launched the Nationality Enhancement Program in Minya, within the framework of countering extremism, with a view to enhancing the values and practices of citizenship and respecting religious and cultural diversity by creating a social, cultural and developmental climate that fosters societal peace and sustainable development. The program includes raising awareness of all kinds of social, religious and cultural discrimination, and raising children to respect diversity and citizenship rights. One hundred and seventy-two cultural and artistic activities were carried out with the aim of shunning extremism, including cinematic and theatrical shows and national celebrations from which 112863 citizens benefitted. • The ministry also launched the Roaming Theatre project so that the largest possible number of professional theatre shows can tour the villages and hamlets outside the reach of cultural services, stemming from the ministry’s faith in the role of art in combating extremism. This was done in 18 governorates as 250 performances were given in public squares and open spaces in 10 governorates, namely Luxor, Aswan, Minya, El Wadi El Gedid (New Valley), South Sinai, Marsa Matruh, Fayoum, El Beheira, and Gharbia, in addition to some village and hamlets in Siwa, Halayeb and Shalateen, with a total turnout of 350 thousand spectators.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
710724000 EGP
(1US$ = 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - The General Egyptian Book Organization - Cultural Development Fund - National Center for Translation - Civil Society - Private
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Cultural Justice Program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
- The Cultural Justice Program aims to achieve justice in the distribution of cultural services all over the country without ethnic discrimination or favoritism towards a specific province in the provision of these services, so that culture becomes the right of every citizen
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• The activities provided to border areas and remote areas include symposiums, forums, cultural salons, sessions for poetry, literature and artistic activities, cultural caravans, storytelling workshops for children, screenings for children and adults, workshops and galleries for plastic arts, and training workshops for handicrafts and heritage crafts. The total number of activities is 11,409 activities with a total of 704,007 beneficiaries. • The Cultural Justice Program addresses the issue of the cultural integration of the citizens of border areas, and endeavors to strengthen the values of national belonging in the hearts of Egyptian citizens in remote and border areas. It also seeks to integrate them with the citizens of Cairo and the cities of the Nile Delta through a series of field visits to a number of museums, the Religions Complex and various cultural and touristic sites in the Arab Republic of Egypt. Cultural convoys were also organized with the aim of providing cultural and societal support to Egyptian families in remote areas, offering care and awareness-raising to young people at all their locations, strengthening social responsibility, and spreading the components of literary and heritage culture among the different sectors of society. The Ministry organized 953 cultural convoys to border governorates and villages in the governorates of the West and Central Delta region, as well as the villages of the governorates of Minya in the central Upper Egypt region. • The ministry adopted the Capital of Egyptian Culture project, which aims to spread cultural and artistic awareness and build the creative capacities of people from different governorates in various fields, support heritage crafts and discover talented individuals. This is to entrench the principle of cultural justice with a view to strengthening the cultural presence in all governorates and raising awareness of numerous issues related to belonging through intellectual activities and interactive meetings held by the governorate hosting the events of the Egyptian Writers Conference. • Within that framework, the ministry has held 137 cultural artistic events in the period from January to October 2019 in the governorate of Marsa Matruh, including intellectual salons, cultural convoys, arts shows, ats workshops, handicrafts workshops, plastic arts galleries, puppet shows, the Book Fair, the concerts of the Cairo Opera House, culture weeks in schools in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, and events for persons with disabilities, with more than 197 thousand beneficiaries. The governorate of Port Said was also named “The Capital of Egyptian Culture 2020” for hosting the Egyptian Writers Conference in December 2019. Preparation is underway for an agenda of year-round cultural and artistic events to be held all over the governorate. • The social justice program included the reproduction of the Siwa Art Rooms Forum and the introduction of the first Nubia Art Rooms Forum and the first El Tor Art Rooms Forum. The Siwa Forum is a permanent forum held at the Siwa Oasis in Marsa Matruh which was halted for 3 years from 2015, but was relaunched in 2018. The Nubia Art Rooms Forum was launched in 2018 whereas the El Tor Art Rooms Forum was launched in South Sinai for the first time this year for the purpose of recording and documenting the customs and traditions of these areas through artwork that expresses the views of plastic artists. • The cultural justice program also included the South Valley Development Project, which includes workshops on heritage crafts, human development courses, arts shows, and children’s workshops. Nineteen villages were targeted in the governorates of Minya and Beni Suef and the implementation of the project’s remaining stages is underway in the governorates of Assiut, Sohag, New Valley, Qena, Luxor, the Red Sea, and Aswan. Two hundred and eighty-one girls were trained in traditional and heritage handicrafts in Minya with a total of 93950 beneficiaries, while the number of beneficiaries in Beni Suef reached 1750 beneficiaries and 75 girls were trained in in traditional and heritage handicrafts. • Two hundred and eleven book fairs were also organized in different governorates and, in order to achieve cultural justice, the Egyptian Ministry of Culture organized numerous local and international festivals in Egypt’s different governorates, such as the International Citadel Festival for Music and Singing, the Luxor African Film Festival (LAFF), the Aswan International Women Film Festival (AIWFF), the Damanhour International Folk Festival, and the National Festival of Egyptian Theatre. The Ministry of Culture is currently preparing for the Qena Festival for Music and Singing in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, Qena Governorate and New Valley University. • The ministry also launched the Mobile Libraries and Theatres Project that target remote and border areas to provide cultural services to their people, in addition to 5917 activities for persons with special abilities to enhance their participation in various cultural activities. Accordingly, Al-Shams Troupe for Persons with Special Abilities was founded, making the first State-affiliated troupe for persons with special abilities. New halls for the arts, music and the blind were inaugurated at the Egyptian National Library and Archives and tens of books were printed in braille, in addition to the inauguration of classes to nurture the talents of persons with special abilities at the Opera House with 85 students in Cairo and Alexandria.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
366977256.2 EGP
(1 US$ = 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - The General Egyptian Book Organization - Cultural Development Fund - National Center for Translation - Media - Civil Society -
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Developing the skills of talented and creative people program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
- The program aims to sponsor talented individuals in the various artistic fields and elevate their abilities, whether in the capital or in remote and marginalized governorates, by providing the necessary training opportunities
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• The Ministry of Culture sponsored tens of talented individuals in various fields through talent development centers, which it began expanding into different areas of Egypt, in addition to incentivizing them through the announced competition prizes or by offering them logistical support. The ministry includes 3 talent development centers affiliated to the Egyptian Opera House in Cairo, Alexandria and Damanhour, and has inaugurated a talent development center in the Tanta Culture Palace, with a total of 3235 students. The inauguration of talent development palaces in Qena, Port Said and Assiut is underway. • The ministry has also established a new branch for the Academy of Arts in Alexandria, while the inauguration of a branch in Assiut and preparations for the inauguration of a branch in Mansoura are underway. The Higher Institute of Child Arts was also inaugurated and the Center for Languages and Translation was reopened at the academy headquarters in Cairo. • Minister of Culture Inas Abdel Dayem added: “The ministry also launched the "Start your dream” initiative, which aims to train young artists in performance arts and spread the positive system of values that repels youth extremism, in collaboration with the Theatre Art House in Cairo and the General Authority for Cultural Palaces. The first stage of the project began in December 2017 in Cairo, then the second stage was concluded last January in Cairo, with 170 graduates. As for other governorates, the first stage began in September 2017 in Sharqia, Assiut and Fayoum and workshops began in the three governorates as of July 2019. The dissemination of the project to the remaining governorates of Egypt is underway.” • As for the awards that the State presents to creative figures and contributors to the spread of culture, social sciences and arts, they are the State Encouragement Awards, the State Appreciation Awards, the State Excellence Awards, and the Nile Awards. The number of state awards has reached 31 awards and the award value of the Nile Awards for arts, literature, and social sciences has been raised, bringing the value of each award up to 500 thousand EGP instead of 400 thousand EGP. In the framework of reaffirming Egypt’s cultural leadership, the Nile Award for Arab Creators was added to State awards with a value of 500 thousand EGP to be presented to an Arab creator.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
411446210 EGP
(1 US$ = 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - The General Egyptian Book Organization - Cultural Development Fund - National Center for Translation - Media - Civil Society -
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Reinforcement of regional and International relationships Program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
- The program aims to reinforce cultural exchange between Egypt and other states on the regional and international levels, and to establish mechanisms that can encourage cooperation and coordination
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• Enhancing the positive role of Egyptian arts and culture and their representation in the various international and regional forums, which strengthens the Egyptian cultural influence regionally and internationally and allows for increased cooperation and coordination with other states on the regional and international levels. To achieve this objective, the Ministry of Culture is working on two pillars. The first pillar is the events held by the ministry in Egypt as the ministry has held more than 20 international events in Egypt. The second pillar is the international events in which Egypt participates abroad as the Ministry of Culture has carried out cultural and artistic activities in more than 80 states across the globe, in addition to Egypt’s participation in international forums and conferences and the implementation of the agenda of Egypt’s presidency of the African Union and the agenda of the France-Egypt Cultural Year 2019. • The role played by the Egyptian Academy of Arts in Rome, which was founded in 1929, and is considered one of the most vital and influential bridges that deliver local innovations to the world. It is also considered a cornerstone and a shining beacon of culture in the heart of Europe as it contributes in turn to the promotion of Egypt and its cultural heritage as one of the tools of soft Egyptian power. This is done by shedding light on some national projects in its documentary screenings throughout the cultural and artistic season, which relies on cultural diversity alongside continued efforts to foster the concept of cultural identity. • As part of the fifth program in its action plan, the ministry also aims to organize the events pertaining to Cairo’s selection as the Capital of Islamic Culture for the year 2020, the arrangements for the Egypt-Russia Culture Year 2020, and the preparation of an art project that hosts a star from Egypt or the Arab world for a monthly concert at the Cairo Opera House. It also aims to revive the celebration of Eid el-Fan (Arts Holiday) 2020 and to host the meeting of the Culture Ministers of Islamic States 2020. • The ministry of Culture has benefit of a training that include representatives from the governmental sector and the civil society that was organized by Unesco on the preparation of the convention periodical report. • The ministry of culture has cooperated with Alecso in the organization of the conference of the Arab ministries of culture. • The ministry of culture has cooperated with WIPO in the organization of a workshop with the different cultural actors on the topic of copy rights.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
411361341 EGP
(1 US$ = 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Ministry of Information - Ministry of Communication - Egyptian Embassies - Foreign Embassies - Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - Th
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Supporting Creative and Cultural Industries Program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
- The program aims to achieve sustainable development in the fields of filmmaking, music, books, and publishing, and to revive heritage crafts, which represent a key component of Egypt’s cultural identity, as the cultural industry is considered a vital pillar that can be invested to contribute to the development of the Egyptian economy.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• The decision was issued to establish the Holding Company for Cultural and Cinematic Investment in 2015 and the procedures for establishing the company are currently being finalized. • In light of supporting cultural industries, the ministry exerted tangible efforts in the Book Industry Project as it printed and published 1278 book titles within the project’s framework, in addition to reviving the Family Library, which is one of the most important sources of thought and information, and expanding the preparation of books translated into Arabic. • The Ministry of Culture adopted the “Egypt Artisans Initiative” to train young people on handicrafts to protect and revive heritage in the areas with the highest unemployment rates. This initiative targets 26 governorates on two stages with 13 governorates in each stage and the project targets young people from 18 to 40 years old.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
169611357.8 EGP
(1 US$ = 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Holding Company for Cultural Industries - Ministry of Trade & Industry - Ministry of Solidarity - Ministry of Environment - Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - The
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Protecting and promoting cultural heritage

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
- It aims to gather, protect and document Egypt’s cultural heritage as an integral part of this nation’s history and an incentive to increase the visibility of diversity and coexistence between different groups, areas and religions
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
• The Ministry of Culture implemented the initiative “Your Heritage Is a Responsibility” through which the civil society participated in gathering heritage. The ministry received 17 rare manuscripts and 4 manuscripts were recovered before they could be sold in auctions outside the Arab Republic of Egypt. Legal measures were taken to preserve the valuables of the late actor Hassan Kami’s library. In accordance with the Law on Manuscripts, 86 titles were inventoried and their ownership was transferred to the National Library and Archives of Egypt. An archive was also created to document the heritage of Egyptian cinema, which included numerous valuables from Egyptian cinema owned by the Ministry of Culture, in addition to listing 107 movies in the Egyptian Cinematic Archive. • The ministry adopted the project “Here They Lived”, which aims to honor Egypt’s iconic thinkers and innovators by hanging plaques on the houses where they lived. It also adopted the project “The Story of a Street” which aims to revive the Egyptian society’s national and historic memory by teaching the current generations about our history, given that most of Cairo’s streets are named after prominent figures in different fields. • The ministry took important steps to protect the cultural artwork in public squares. A guidebook was issued and disseminated to all governorates on the restoration of the artwork in public squares. The ministry also adopted the Public Square Beautification Initiative with a view to beautifying the squares and preserving the public’s artistic taste. As a first stage, the planning and design of the development of 31 squares state-wide has been finalized.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Data
145475842.8 EGP
(1 US$ = 15.5 EGP)

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- Ministry of Tourism and Monuments - Ministry of Information - Ministry of Commmunication - Supreme Council of Culture - Culture palaces in the different governorates - Public libraries in the different governorates - The General Egyptian Book Organizati
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Media Diversity

Public service media has a legal or statutory remit to promote a diversity of cultural expressions: 
NO
Policies and measures promote content diversity in programming by supporting: 
Regional and/or local broadcasters
Linguistic diversity in media programming
Community programming for marginalised groups (e.g. indigenous peoples, migrants and refugees, etc.)
Socio-cultural programming (e.g. children, youth, people with disabilities, etc.)
Domestic content regulations for audio-visual media exist (e.g. quotas for production or distribution requirements for national films, TV series or music on radio): 
NO
Regulatory authority(ies) monitoring media exist: 
YES
If YES, please provide the name and year of establishment of the regulatory authority(ies): 
https://www.maspero.eg/wps/portal/home/about
If YES, these regulatory authority(ies) monitor: 
Public media
Community media
Private sector media
Online media
If YES, these regulatory authority(ies) are responsible for: 
Issuing licenses to broadcasters, content providers, platforms
Receiving and addressing public complaints such as online harassment, fake news, hate speech, etc.
Monitoring cultural (including linguistic) obligations
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

The National Media Authority – Maspero

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
The National Media Authority
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The National Media Authority or “Maspero” was established under Law No. 92 of 2016 on the Institutional Organization of the Press and the Media after its approval by the House of Representatives. It was published by “The Egyptian Gazette” to come into effect on the 12th of June, 2016. It is a government authority that was established to replace the Ministry of Information and works primarily on providing services in broadcasting, production, distribution, and documentation, and has the largest archive of drama, TV and radio productions in the Middle East. The National Media Authority or “Maspero” includes media sectors and departments specialized in all fields, namely the arts and activities of audio and visual broadcast media and the specialized activities that relate to them and support them through Maspero’s different sectors and departments. The National Media Authority is affiliated to a number of leading companies in the media field, such as Sono Cairo, the Egyptian Media Production City Company (EMPC), the Egyptian Satellite Company “NileSat”, Nile Radio Productions (NRP). The Authority also came into the world of digital media with a historic agreement with “Google” and its affiliate “YouTube”, which allowed the authority to protect the massive media content it owns by preserving its rights with a digital fingerprint. The multinational company “Google” sought to sign this agreement seeing as the National Media Authority is one of the oldest and largest media entities in the Middle East and owns the bigger part of the media and creative heritage in Arabic. The National Media Authority owns and manages the following companies in varying proportions: - Egyptian Media Production City Company (EMPC), which is one of the largest studio complexes in the Middle East that offer advertising and production services (40% shareholder) - The Egyptian Satellite Company (NileSat), which invests in satellite transmission through its different satellites (96% shareholder) - Cable Network Egypt, which was the first to offer private television services in the Arab world (52 % shareholder) - Other companies with smaller shares: Nile Information & Communications Networks (Nile ICT) with 25%, The Egyptian Company for Internet and Digital Infrastructure (NOL) with 1.8%, Digital Media Systems with 24%, and El Mehwar Satellite Channels & Media with 5%.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
The National Media Authority launched a unified website that represents all its sectors, be they audio, visual or print. The website, maspero.eg, is the authority’s electronic window to the internet through which it can enter the world of digital media and live broadcasting. The authority thus carries its audio and visual channels through all the usual broadcasting obstacles, delivering the Egyptian media message to the four corners of the earth.
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The Ministry of Information
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
IBM
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Digital Environment

Policies, measures or mechanisms are in place to support the digital transformation of cultural and creative industries and institutions (e.g. funding for digitization of analogue industries): 
YES
Policies or measures have been introduced to ensure vibrant domestic digital cultural and creative industries markets with a diversity of e-players of all sizes (e.g. fair remuneration rules; control market concentration; prevention of monopolies of digital content providers/distributors or their algorithms that potentially restrict the diversity of cultural expressions, etc.):: 
YES
Policies and measures have been implemented to enhance access to and discoverability of domestically produced cultural content in the digital environment (e.g. action plans or policies for digital content pluralism, public support to cultural or artistic portals in specific languages, national or regional online distribution platforms for domestic content, etc.): 
YES
Measures and initiatives have been implemented to promote digital creativity and competencies of artists and other cultural professionals working with new technologies (e.g. spaces for experimentation, incubators, etc.): 
YES
Statistics or studies with recent data on access to digital media, including on the type of cultural content available through digital media, are available: 
YES
Percentage of the population with subscriptions to online cultural content providers (e.g. Netflix, Spotify, Amazon, etc.): 
45.70%
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

The “Culture is between Your Hands” Initiative

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
The Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The digital initiative “Stay at Home… Culture is between Your Hands” was launched on the 24h of March, 2020 to the backdrop of the rapid spread of the Covid-19 pandemic and the subsequent implementation of social distancing rules and staying at home. The Ministry of Culture strived from the very first moments to think of the long-term impact and try to continue performing its duties in light of the emergency taking place, thanks to the internet and technology without which the situation would have been completely different. The initiative aimed to deliver all types of art to the audience at home, spread awareness among Egyptians, especially the youth, and attract the lovers of creativity in all its forms by streaming different cultural and artistic events on the ministry’s YouTube channel. This included Arabic and classical music concerts, documentaries, ballet performances, books, plays for children and adults, book discussions, performative tableaus by folk art troupes, and virtual visits to museums.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
The Ministry of Culture’s YouTube channel got around 30 million viewers, 2 million of whom interacted with the shows and subscriptions to the channel exceeded 106 thousand subscribers in the period from its launch until September 2020. The number of buffered hours exceeded 245 thousand hours and the list of viewers showed they came from more than 28 countries around the world, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, America, Canada, Iraq, Germany, England, Morocco and Jordan. The number of visits to the Ministry of Culture’s website also saw a steadfast increase to reach sixty thousand and forty-one visits to read and download the publications of different sectors in PDF format through the portal dedicated to books. The most attractive titles were: The Stories of the Boys and the Land Part 1, The Memoirs of Imam Muhammad Abduh, Profession: Geographist, Boredom and Bees, History of the Arab State from the Emergence of Islam to the End of the Umayyad Caliphate, and Selections from the Documents of the 1919 Revolution, among others. The virtual visits to museums and galleries available on the website were also very popular, with 2428 visits during which visitors saw the contents of Gamal Abdel Nasser Museum and Mostafa Kamel Museum, in addition to 39 local and international forums and plastic arts galleries. This included the “Treasures of Our Art Museums 4” (Memory of the East) exhibition, the Cairo International Biennale, the Cairo International Biennale of Children’s Art, the Youth Salon, the Cairo International forum for Arabic calligraphy Art, the fourth International Cartoon Gathering, and others.
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- The Ministry of Culture - The Supreme Council of Culture - The Cairo Opera House - The Ministry of Information
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Partnering with Civil Society

Professional organizations and/or trade unions representing artists and/or cultural professionals in the following sectors exist in your country (i.e. federation of musicians, publishers unions, etc.): 
Cinema/Audiovisual arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Publishing
Visual Arts
Performing Arts
Public funding schemes supporting CSOs involvement in promoting the diversity of cultural expressions exist: 
YES
Training and mentoring opportunities were organized or supported by public authorities during the last 4 years to build skills on communication, advocacy and/or fundraising of civil society organizations involved in the promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions: 
YES
Dialogue mechanisms between public authorities and CSOs for cultural policy making and/or monitoring have been implemented during the last 4 years (meetings, working groups, etc.): 
YES
If YES, please provide up to 2 examples: 
- Forming the Supreme Committee for Intangible Cultural Heritage to lay down its national strategy in coordination with UNESCO and in collaboration with a large number of Community Based Organizations (CBOs). - Coordinating with the Egyptian Publishers’ Association and the Arab Publishers’ Association to organize major book fairs in different governorates - Continuous coordination with various arts syndicates (the Musicians Syndicate, the Actors Syndicate, the Plastic Arts Syndicate…)
- Collaborating with CBOs in Cairo and other governorates with a view to supporting the objectives of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions: • Collaborating with the Egyptian Artists Foundation for Culture and Arts to hold specialized workshops on theatre arts and integrating persons with disabilities and persons without disabilities. • Collaborating with Al-Balad Al-Youm (Our Country Today) Foundation for Economic and Social Development to organize a talent competition for persons with disabilities. • Collaborating with Awaldna (Our Children) Foundation on The Awladna International Forum for Arts of the Gifted • Organizing training workshops in the field of heritage crafts preservation in different governorates, especially marginalized, border or southern governorates (Egypt Future Foundation, Saad Zaghloul Association, Heritage Preservation Association)
Policies and measures promoting the diversity of cultural expressions have been elaborated in consultation with CSOs during the last 4 years: 
YES
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Egypt Vision 2030

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development and all other State ministries
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS): Egypt Vision 2030 represents a foothold on the way towards inclusive development, thus cultivating a prosperity path through economic and social justice. SDS represents a roadmap for maximizing competitive advantage to achieve the aspirations of Egyptians in a dignified and decent life. It also represents an embodiment of the new constitution’s spirit, setting welfare and prosperity as the main economic objectives, to be achieved via sustainable development, social justice and a balanced, geographical and sectoral growth. Therefore, SDS has been developed according to a participatory strategic planning approach; as various civil society representatives, national and international development partners and government agencies have collaborated to set comprehensive objectives for all pillars and sectors of the country. The current local, regional and global circumstances give the SDS a comparative advantage and importance; for revisiting the strategic vision to cope and deal with international updates and developments. Thus, helping Egypt recover and achieve specific objectives. SDS has followed the sustainable development principle as a general framework for improving the quality of lives and welfare, taking into consideration the rights of new generations in a prosperous life; thus, dealing with three main dimensions; economic, social, and environmental dimensions. In addition, SDS is based upon the principles of “inclusive sustainable development” and “balanced regional development”; emphasizing the full participation in development, and ensuring its yields to all parties. The strategy, as well, considers equal opportunities for all, closing development gaps, and efficient use of resources to ensure the rights of future generations. Egypt Vision 2030 includes an important and detailed pillar on “Culture”. It highlights the main strategies adopted by Egypt to develop the cultural sector.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

Coordination among the different ministries
Coordination with CSOs and the private sector

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The government has engaged CSOs in preparing the strategy across all sectors as committees were formed to consist of government institutions and representatives of CSOs to set and discuss the strategy and all its details.
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)

The Law Governing the Pursuit of Civil Work (Law No. 149 of 2019)

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Social Solidarity
SOs
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The law comes after some difficulties became apparent in its enforcement because of which its executive regulations were not issued, prompting the political leadership to form a committee to evade all the remarks made about law No. 149 of 2019, affirming that the committee formed for that purpose settled on drafting a bill that aims to correct the flaws in Law no. 70 and devising legisl robust and flexible texts that solve all the problems observed in it. The bill is comprised of 95 articles, including 9 articles in the Promulgation Act. The first section covered the purpose of the law and the relevant definitions. The second section entitled “Associations” includes 4 chapters related to the provisions on establishing associations. Article (3) In establishing a civil association, it is required that it have a written statute in line with the form of the statute that is specified in the executive regulations of this law, signed by all the founders, and that the headquarters of the Arab Republic of Egypt be located in a suitable location to manage its activities, provided that the executive regulations of this law specify the necessary controls for this. In all cases, the statute of every association must include the stipulation that it adheres to the constitution and laws and does not prejudice national security, public order and public morals. The People’s Assembly has adopted the following law. It is hereby enacted: Article 1 In consonance with all stipulations organizing societies established either by law or in accordance with international agreements concluded by the Arab Republic of Egypt, without prejudice to Law 91/1971 and Law 10/2009, as well as the by-laws regulating non-banking financial practices, the enclosed law shall be enforced in connection with regulating the practice of civil activity. All civil societies and institutions, regional and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant federations, shall be committed in their basic rules, activities, and finances, to respecting the rulings and principles of the Egyptian Constitution, laws, and international conventions ratified by Egypt. Its provisions shall apply to civil societies and institutions, regional and foreign NGO’s, and federations working in this field. No civil activity shall be allowed in violation of the provisions of this law and the appended law. Article 2 All civil societies and institutions, regional and non-governmental organizations and federations, as well as all entities exercising civil work in accordance with the definitions included in the appended law, shall regularize their positions in accordance with its provisions within one year of the coming into force of its rules and regulations. Otherwise, the relevant courts will have the jurisdiction to settle the matter, transferring their assets to the special fund subsidizing the projects of civil societies and institutions, as stipulated in the accompanying law. The regularization must involve notifying the government department concerned about all data concerning the civil society, institution, federation, organization, or entity, as well as their activities, sources of finance, programs, protocols, and memoranda of understanding. This should be in the special template prepared for this purpose. Each entity should modify its regulations so as to bring them into harmony with the provisions in this law and the accompanying one. In all cases, no regularization of positions shall be allowed in connection with those civil societies, institutions, and entities which have been judged to exist on the lists of terrorist entities, for as long as they remain on those lists, or which have been judged to have participated in committing an act of terror. Their activities shall be supervised in accordance with the appended law by another society specified by the government department concerned with civil society and actions. All the assets of such civil societies and institutions, as well as those included on the terrorist lists, shall be paid into the fund of subsidizing the projects of civil societies and institutions, as stipulated in the accompanying law, in case they have been finally convicted of committing a terrorist act. By force of law, any activity opposed to the rules of this article shall cease. Article 3 Each government administration shall periodically make a list of such entities which have not regularized their positions in accordance with the accompanying law. The minister concerned with civil societies and actions shall set up one or more committees consisting of members of the administration, as well as others. Each shall include a representative of the government where the society operates, so that it should dissolve the society, following the proper legal ruling. A decision should be made specifying its mode and duration of operation. Article 4 No entity shall exercise civil activity or any action pertaining to such civil and non-governmental organizations unless completely in accordance with the provisions of the accompanying law. Those entities which currently engage in activities, already licensed, other than civil action, but have engaged in any civil action or activity covered by the purposes of NGO’s, shall regularize their positions, once the rules and regulations of the accompanying law come into force, or as soon as informed to that effect by the government department concerned with civil societies and works, whichever comes first. Otherwise, the government department concerned shall enact a decision for the offending activity to be ceased forthwith, followed by informing the quarters from whence the original license was issued, or where the relevant entity is registered, showing that an infringement has been committed, and requiring a revocation of the original license, as the limitations of the license have been transgressed. Legal action should quickly be taken in accordance with the regulations. Only the relevant administrative departments may issue a license in any form, under any name, to practice a civil action or work covered by the purposes of non-governmental organizations. Otherwise, any such license will be null and void from the moment of issuance. The administrative department may close down the premises of entities which practice civil action unilaterally, without license or permission, or any activity covered by the purposes of NGO’s. The administrative department may suspend such activity by force of law and transfer its assets, based on a ruling by the relevant administrative court, to the fund subsidizing the projects of civil societies and institutions. Article 5 If the administration which has issued the license or permission for the exercise of that entity’s activities does not withdraw such license or permission, the government department concerned with civil societies and institutions may appeal to the administrative court which has the correct jurisdiction to adopt a speedy decision dissolving that entity. Article 6 Without prejudice to the provisions of Law 8/2015 on the organization of lists of terrorist entities and terrorists, the board of directors of civil societies, institutions, and federations currently working in accordance with the accompanying law, shall continue to do so, as well as their administrative and executive bodies, until such time as they are re-formed in accordance with this law and the accompanying law. Article 7 The Prime Minister will issue the rules and regulations of the accompanying law within six months of its coming into force; until such time, the present rule and regulations shall be enforced in conference with the provisions of this law. Article 8 Law 70/2017 regulating the activities of civil societies and other organizations engaging in non-governmental work is hereby rescinded, as is any ruling in contradiction with the provisions of this law and its accompanying law. Article 9 This law shall be published in the Official Gazette and comes into force on the following day. This law will be stamped with the State Seal and come into force as one of the laws of the state. Enacted at the President’s Office
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
- The law allows for the ease of registering and establishing community-based organizations - The law guarantees a degree of autonomy for CSOs - The law guarantees coordination with the Ministry of Social Solidarity - Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD Data - Name(s) of partners engaged in the implementation of the policy/measure
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

Coordination among CSOs, the Ministry of Social Solidarity and the different ministries.
Coordination between CSOs and the private sector.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- The government involved CSOs in drafting the law - Supervision over the implementation of the law is led by the Ministry of Social Solidarity - CSOs - Private Sector - Media
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)

Goal 2 - Achieve a Balanced Flow of Cultural Goods and Services and Increase the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals

Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals

Please indicate if the following policies and measures exist in your country: 
Policies and measures supporting the outward mobility of artists and cultural professionals (e.g. export offices, support for participation in international cultural markets for cultural professionals, etc.)
Specific visa policies or other cross border measures supporting the inward mobility of foreign artists and cultural professionals in your country (e.g. simplified visa procedures, reduced fees for visas, visas for longer durations)
Work permit regulations supporting the inward mobility of foreign artists and cultural professionals in your country (e.g. double taxation avoidance agreements, special work permits and health insurance, subsidies to cover living expenses, etc.)
Please indicate if the following operational programmes have been developed or supported/funded by public authorities during the last 4 years: 
Information resources or training services providing practical guidance to facilitate the mobility of cultural professionals (e.g. Internet platforms)
Infrastructure (e.g. arts residencies, cultural institutes, etc.) having a mandate to promote the diversity of cultural expressions and hosting a large number of foreign artists, notably from developing countries
Major cultural events (e.g. cultural seasons, festivals, cultural industries markets, etc.) having a mandate to promote the diversity of cultural expressions and hosting a large number of foreign artists, notably from developing countries
Please indicate if the following mobility funds (e.g. scholarships, travel grants, etc.) have been managed or supported by public authorities during the last 4 years: 
Public funds supporting the outward mobility of national or resident artists and other cultural professionals
Public funds supporting the inward mobility of foreign artists and other cultural professionals, notably from developing countries
Public funds specifically supporting the mobility of artists and other cultural professionals from or between developing countries, including through North-South-South and South-South cooperation
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Cultural Justice and Leadership program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry Of Cultural
The Foreign Cultural Relations Sector at the Egyptian Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The Egyptian Ministry of Culture adopts a number of executive programs, the most prominent of which is perhaps a program that fosters and protects the citizen’s right to freedom of expression, which is the Cultural Justice Program. It aims to achieve justice is the cultural sector in terms of every artist’s right to disseminate his or her work and be allowed freedom of expression regardless of gender, age, religion, or sex. The executive program for achieving social justice also seeks to achieve the just distribution of cultural services across the country with no ethnic discrimination and no favoritism towards one region and not the other in the provision of these services, so that culture becomes the right of every citizen. The activities provided to border areas and remote areas include symposiums, forums, cultural salons, sessions for poetry, literature and artistic activities, cultural caravans, storytelling workshops for children, screenings for children and adults, workshops and galleries for plastic arts, and training workshops for handicrafts and heritage crafts. The total number of activities is 11,409 activities with a total of 704,007 beneficiaries. The Cultural Justice Program addresses the issue of the cultural integration of the citizens of border areas, and endeavors to strengthen the values of national belonging in the hearts of Egyptian citizens in remote and border areas. It also seeks to integrate them with the citizens of Cairo and the cities of the Nile Delta through a series of field visits to a number of museums, the Religions Complex and various cultural and touristic sites in the Arab Republic of Egypt. Cultural convoys were also organized with the aim of providing cultural and societal support to Egyptian families in remote areas, offering care and awareness-raising to young people at all their locations, strengthening social responsibility, and spreading the components of literary and heritage culture among the different sectors of society. The Ministry organized 953 cultural convoys to border governorates and villages in the governorates of the West and Central Delta region, as well as the villages of the governorates of Minya in the central Upper Egypt region. The program also includes a number of initiatives such as the “People of Egypt” initiative, which targets the cultural integration of border children through the Border Youth Forum, multiple forums for border women, and the Minya convoys for fostering citizenship. Encouragement for specialized women’s festivals has also increased, along with the delegation of Egyptian women abroad to participate in international events. The Egyptian Children’s Creativity Award for children aged 15 and under highlights the Ministry’s keenness on fostering the different types of cultural expression irrespective of determinants like sex, gender or age. A bill modifying articles of intellectual property law was also approved to allow those who are less than 21 years old to register and document their work to safeguard it. Enhancing the positive role of Egyptian arts and culture and their representation in the various international and regional forums, which strengthens the Egyptian cultural influence regionally and internationally and allows for increased cooperation and coordination with other states on the regional and international levels. To achieve this objective, the Ministry of Culture is working on two pillars. The first pillar is the events held by the ministry in Egypt as the ministry has held more than 20 international events in Egypt. The second pillar is the international events in which Egypt participates abroad as the Ministry of Culture has carried out cultural and artistic activities in more than 80 states across the globe, in addition to Egypt’s participation in international forums and conferences and the implementation of the agenda of Egypt’s presidency of the African Union and the agenda of the France-Egypt Cultural Year 2019. The role played by the Egyptian Academy of Arts in Rome, which was founded in 1929, and is considered one of the most vital and influential bridges that deliver local innovations to the world. It is also considered a cornerstone and a shining beacon of culture in the heart of Europe as it contributes in turn to the promotion of Egypt and its cultural heritage as one of the tools of soft Egyptian power. This is done by shedding light on some national projects in its documentary screenings throughout the cultural and artistic season, which relies on cultural diversity alongside continued efforts to foster the concept of cultural identity. As part of the fifth program in its action plan, the ministry also aims to organize the events pertaining to Cairo’s selection as the Capital of Islamic Culture for the year 2020, the arrangements for the Egypt-Russia Culture Year 2020, and the preparation of an art project that hosts a star from Egypt or the Arab world for a monthly concert at the Cairo Opera House. It also aims to revive the celebration of Eid el-Fan (Arts Holiday) 2020 and to host the meeting of the Culture Ministers of Islamic States 2020.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
The implementation of the social justice program was reflected in the cultural and artistic activities and events and the facilitation of the Egyptian artists’ movement abroad and vice versa, and in the diversity of the cultural activities in which Egypt participates at home and abroad. This can be seen from the following: 1- The increase in the number of agreements that were put into effect and implemented over the past four years (2016-2020) to 106 international agreements out of a total of 141 international agreements that the ministry has signed since 1957, which marks a boom in cultural exchange. 2- Egyptian creators were delegated to take part in 687 cultural and artistic events outside Egypt over the past four years, while Egypt hosted 200 cultural and artistic events and an array of foreign creators in the same time period. 3- Egyptian women’s participation in cultural and artistic events abroad with a view o cultural exchange and enhancing women’s cultural expressions has greatly developed as, in the period from 2016 to 2020, women have taken part in 144 foreign cultural activities, including forums, musical events, international competitions, academic scholarships, and book fairs.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

The Financial resources allocated to the Cultural Justice Program for 2020 amount to a total of 366977256.2 EGP, which is the equivalent of 22,936,078.5125 USD.

The Financial resources allocated to the Cultural Leadership Program for 2020 amount to a total of 411361341 EGP, which is the equivalent of 257100838.25 USD.

The budget for the Foreign Cultural Relations Sector responsible for implementing most of the aforementioned policies is around 31 million EGP, which is the equivalent of around 2 million USD for the fiscal year 2019-2020.

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

Egypt Vision 2030 went into effect in 2018 and all the elements of its general policy, its objectives, and its aspired outcomes are evaluated every three months as of the fiscal year 2018-2019. A full report is set to be issued in 2020.

The first stage began in 2018 and is set to conclude in 2022, while the second stage is set to begin in 2026 and the third in 2030 (with each stage spanning 4 years).

The key recommendations were:
Developing the indicators necessary to assess the impact of the mission on society and the beneficiaries both quantitatively and qualitatively, and not just quantitatively.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs – The Ministry of Trade and Industry – The Ministry of International Cooperation – The Ministry of Local Development and the relevant governorates – The Ministry of Social Solidarity and a number of affiliated CBOs
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Flow of Cultural Goods and Services

Export strategies or measures to support the distribution of cultural goods and services outside your country exist for the following cultural domains: 
Cinema/Audiovisual arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Publishing
Visual Arts
Performing Arts
Cultural management
Your country has granted or benefited from preferential treatment* to support a balanced exchange of cultural goods and services in the last 4 years: 
YES, I have granted preferential treatment
YES, I have benefited from preferential treatment
If YES, please provide up to 2 examples: 
- Egypt offered six academic scholarships to African students at the Academy of Arts on the occasion of Egypt’s presidency of the African Union. The number of scholarships will increase gradually in the coming years.
- The Ministry of Culture benefited from a European Union grant of 11000 EUR from the European Network of Cultural Centres (ENCC) for the “Creative Circles” project within the framework of the EU’s Developing Innovation and Creativity in Education program (DICE).
Your country has provided or benefited in the last 4 years from Aid for Trade support, a form of Official Development Assistance (ODA), that helped to build capacities to formulate trade policies, participate in negotiating and implementing agreements that provide a special status to cultural goods and services: 
-
If YES, please provide up to 2 examples: 
-
Value of direct foreign investment in creative and cultural industries (in USD): 
430,000,000USD
2014
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

The Cultural Industry Support Program

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs – The Egyptian Ministry of Culture - The Ministry of Trade and Industry – The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities – The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development – The Ministry of Higher Education
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
• By 2030, Egypt seeks to consider culture and cultural and creative industries an added value by increasing their contribution to the GDP and making them a basis for Egypt’s soft power through a number policies, sub-objectives and indicators that were drafted in order to implement this policy. The most important of these points are: • Establishing a new system for development in the field of handicrafts and traditional crafts and preserving them both as part of our cultural heritage and as an important economic resource and a field of employment. • Increasing the cultural industry’s contribution to the annual GDP • Increasing the number of personnel trained and qualified to work in the culture industry annually • Supporting cultural industries with a package of legislation that boosts their advancement, especially the film industry, the book industry, publication, the music industry, and singing • Founding a union for crafts that unites those working this field • Increasing the number of movie theatres to be proportional to the population with a ratio of one movie theatre for every 10,000 citizens • Increasing the number of produced films by 50% annually As for the Cultural Industry Support Program, it seeks to achieve sustainable development in the fields of filmmaking, music, books, and publishing, and to revive heritage crafts, which represent a key component of Egypt’s cultural identity, as the cultural industry is considered a vital pillar that can be invested to contribute to the development of the Egyptian economy. In light of supporting cultural industries, the ministry exerted tangible efforts in the Book Industry Project as it printed and published 1278 book titles within the project’s framework, in addition to reviving the Family Library, which is one of the most important sources of thought and information, and expanding the preparation of books translated into Arabic. The Ministry of Culture also adopted the “Egypt Artisans Initiative” to train young people on handicrafts to protect and revive heritage in the areas with the highest unemployment rates. This initiative targets 26 governorates on two stages with 13 governorates in each stage and the project targets young people from 18 to 40 years old.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
According to the statistics of the Pharos Center, after consulting the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) https://pharostudies.com/?p=4184#_edn14 The implementation of this policy had a clear impact on Egypt’s performance as Egypt’s performance came to represent a launching platform towards increasing the contribution of cultural industries to the GDP. This can be seen through some statistics as Egypt ranked 43rd globally in the export of cultural and creative services index and 39th globally in the export of creative goods index of the Global Knowledge Guide in 2018. Egypt’s performance also ranked 28th out of 126 countries in the Global Innovation Index of 2018 in the field of creative goods.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

The financial resources allocated to the Cultural Industry Support Program for 2020 amount to 186061371.1 EGP, which is equivalent to 11,628,835.69375 USD.

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

Egypt Vision 2030 went into effect in 2018 and all the elements of its general policy, its objectives, and its aspired outcomes are evaluated every three months as of the fiscal year 2018-2019. A full report is set to be issued in 2020.

The first stage began in 2018 and is set to conclude in 2022, while the second stage is set to begin in 2026 and the third in 2030 (with each stage spanning 4 years).

The key recommendations were:
Developing the indicators necessary to assess the impact of the mission on society and the beneficiaries both quantitatively and qualitatively, and not just quantitatively.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs – The Egyptian Ministry of Culture - The Ministry of Trade and Industry – The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities – The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development – The Ministry of Higher Education
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Treaties and agreements

Multilateral or bilateral trade and/or investment agreements providing a special status to cultural goods and/or services have been signed during the last 4 years or are under negociation: 
UNDER NEGOTIATION
Multilateral or bilateral agreements including specific provisions providing a special status to cultural goods and services and digital products in the field of e-commerce have been signed during the last 4 years or are under negotiation: 
UNDER NEGOTIATION
Multilateral or bilateral agreements, declarations and/or strategies on relevant policy issues for the diversity of cultural expressions (e.g. education, digital, intellectual property, sustainable development, gender equality, etc.) signed or amended to take into account the objectives or principles of the Convention during the last 4 years: 
YES
Relevant Policies and Measures: 
-

Goal 3 - Integrate Culture in Sustainable Development Frameworks

National Sustainable Development Policies & Plans

National sustainable development plans and strategies recognize the strategic role of: 
Culture (in general)
Creativity and innovation
Cultural and creative industries
Please rate from 1 to 4 the type of outcomes expected by the inclusion of culture in national sustainable development plans and strategies 1 most often expected outcome 4 least expected outcome): 
Economic (e.g. employment, trade, intellectual property, cultural and creative industries, rural and territorial development): 
1
Social (e.g. social cohesion and inclusion, inequality and poverty reduction, values and identity, vulnerable and minority groups, empowerment and human capital, education): 
2
Environmental (e.g. natural resources, reducing environmental impact of cultural industries and practices): 
2
Cultural (e.g. cultural infrastructure, participation and access to culture, innovation, artists support): 
1
Public cultural bodies and agencies responsible for culture or creative industries are involved in the design and implementation of sustainable development policies and plans (i.e. participate in coordination mechanisms such as joint planning committees): 
YES
Cultural industry-led regeneration initiatives and projects at the regional, urban and/or rural levels have been implemented in the last 4 years: 
YES
Policies and measures facilitate participation in cultural life and access to diverse cultural facilities and expressions, notably addressing the needs of disadvantaged or vulnerable groups (e.g. via reduced entrance fees; audience development, arts education and audiences awareness-raising): 
YES
Latest data on cultural participation rates by socio demographic variables (sex/age groups/rural- urban/income levels/education levels): 
According to the most recent statistics in 2018, the various Egyptian museums had around 2 million visitors, which makes up around 2% of Egypt’s population. Meanwhile, theatre performances in various theatres were attended by around 754 thousand spectators, who attended around 3 million performances on 40 stages, making up around 0.75% of Egypt’s population according to the statistics of 2018. The percentage of female personnel in cultural NGOs is 55.8% compared to men, based on the latest survey in 2017 conducted by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS, 2019). The daily average number of transmission hours for radio channels in Egypt is 488.4 hours/day for major radio channels, in addition to 150 hours/day for central government TV channels, 72 hours/day for satellite channels directed abroad, and 240 hours/day for the Nile specialized channels, bringing the total number of hours of TV and radio transmission in official radio and TV channels up to 950.4 hours/day (CAPMAS, 2019). In 2017, there were 76 print newspapers issued daily, which is almost half the number of newspapers issued in 2010 (142 daily newspapers). This indicates a fundamental shift in consumer behavior towards electronic media (CAPMAS, 2019).
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Egypt Vision 2030

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
- The Cabinet of Ministers - The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development - The Ministry of Culture - The Ministry of Youth and Sports - The Ministry of Communication & Information Technology
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The strategy represents the State’s plan and Egypt’s general objectives for 2030 and is characterized by three clear elements for the sustainable development of the Egyptian individual. Culture falls under the Social/Environmental dimension. The strategy adopted the concept of sustainable development as a general framework intended to improve the quality of life at present without prejudice to future generations’ right to a better life. Hence, the concept of development as adopted by the strategy is grounded in three main dimensions that include the political dimension, the social dimension and the environmental dimension. The Ministry of Culture has translated Egypt’s 2030 cultural vision into 6 pillars or programs of action as follows: • Supporting cultural industries as a source of economic power • Empowering cultural industries to become a source of power for achieving development and an added value to the Egyptian economy, making it a basis for Egypt’s soft power regionally and internationally • Increasing the efficiency of cultural institutions and personnel working in the cultural system • Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of cultural institutions, maximizing their role and influence, and widening their reach to the various segments of society, and similarly enhancing the capacities of the personnel working in the cultural system as befits our reality and the circumstances of the current stage • Protecting and promoting all kinds of cultural heritage • Ensuring the protection and maintenance of cultural heritage and increasing awareness of it within Egypt and abroad
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
The “Culture in Egypt Vision 2030” Program: Fostering positive values and countering extremism Cultural Justice Cultural Leadership Talented Individuals Developing Cultural Institutions Cultural Heritage Cultural Industries
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

Egypt Vision 2030 went into effect in 2018. The first stage began in 2018 and is set to conclude in 2022, while the second stage is set to begin in 2026 and the third in 2030 (with each stage spanning 4 years).
The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development is tasked with the continuous assessment of the implementation of the strategy. The assessment takes place every 3 months and primarily evaluates the technical execution and the number and nature of the beneficiaries and measures mission performance quantitatively. One of the most crucial recommendations was to use both quantitative and qualitative methods of mission performance assessment

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
- The Cabinet of Ministers - The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development - The Ministry of Culture - The Ministry of Youth and Sports - The Ministry of Communication & Information Technology

International Cooperation for Sustainable Development

Your country has contributed to or benefited from the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) during the last 4 years: 
YES, my country has contributed to the IFCD
Development cooperation strategies, including South-South cooperation strategies, recognize the strategic role of creativity and diverse cultural expressions: 
YES
If YES, please provide the name(s) of the strategy and year(s) of adoption: 
- Providing a mechanism for cultural exchange scholarships between Egypt and other African countries - for example, the Ministry of Culture offers 6 academic scholarships for students pursuing a BA or a BSc in the Academy of Arts in Cairo. Cairo also host
Your country manages multi- and/or bilateral technical assistance and capacity building cooperation programmes supporting: 
Cultural policy development and implementation in developing countries
Artists and cultural professionals in developing countries
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Cooperation with African countries

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
The Ministry of Culture
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
First: in 2019, Egypt was elected to preside over the African Union. A large number of events were held on the margin of this political event, including 50 cultural, artistic events in which 18 African states participated. Source, the ministry website: /http://www.moc.gov.eg/ar/home Second: the Luxor African Film Festival, which was established in 2010, is held annually in Luxor. The festival managed to train 110 young filmmakers from 37 African states. They presented 75 films in the cinematic workshop and all these movies were filmed in Luxor. A 75-minute documentary was also produced under the supervision of Director Khairy Beshara, and Egyptian film weeks were held in four African states as an activity on the fringes of the filmmaking workshops in these countries. The festival collaborates with a network of 28 African film festivals and is held with funding and in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and the governorate of Luxor. Source: The Festival’s website: http://luxorafricanfilmfestival.com/en/whoarewe/isf Third: The Oscar of African Creativity Awards were organized by the Ministry of Youth and Sports in the period from 1 to 10 September, 2019, among the events of Egypt’s presidency of the African Union, and in the framework of the “Aswan: The Capital of African Youth” slogan. The event was held to ignite competitive spirit among African Youth in the various fields of creativity and due to Egypt’s keenness on activating the cultural and artistic activities of the youth of African states. Source: https://www.emys.gov.eg/details/10027 Fourth: since 2018, the Egyptian government has been holding an annual international cultural event wherein Egypt celebrates a special culture from around the word. It started in 2018 under the title “Egypt-China 2018” with an initiative on President El-Sisi’s part, then the success of the event’s activities contributed to making it an annual tradition. In 2019, the festival “Egypt-France 2019” was held, followed by “Egypt-Russia 2020”.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
- The events of Egypt’s presidency of the African Union in 2019, in which 18 states participated and attended 50 cultural and artistic events - Training 110 young filmmakers from 37 African states. They presented 75 films in the cinematic workshop and all these movies were filmed in Luxor. A 75-minute documentary was also produced under the supervision of Director Khairy Beshara, and Egyptian film weeks were held in four African states as an activity on the fringes of the filmmaking workshops in these countries. - Three major international celebrations: Egypt-China 2018, Egypt-France 2019 and Egypt-Russia 2020
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

- Periodic evaluations should be conducted and the attendees' feedback should be taken.
- The events should proceed after mathematically analyzing the surveys and taking the opinions of the audience and the participants into account.
Works Cited
CAPMAS. (2019). Egypt in figuers. Retrieved from Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics CAPMAS: http://www.capmas.gov.eg/Pages/Publications.aspx?page_id=5104&YearID=23430 &Year=23170
CAPMAS. (2019). Statistical Yearbook - Culture and Media 2019 . Retrieved from Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics: http://www.capmas.gov.eg/Pages/Publications.aspx?page_id=5104&YearID=23430 &Year=23170
CAPMAS. (2019). The indicator of newspapers. Retrieved from Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics: http://www.capmas.gov.eg/Pages/IndicatorsPage.aspx?page_id=6147&ind_id=1070

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, the Ministry of Youth and Sports, the Prime Minister, the Presidency, and the Governorate of Luxor

Goal 4 - Promote Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Gender Equality

Ministries, governmental agencies and/or parliamentary bodies in charge of gender equality: 
Exist but are not relevant for artists and cultural professionals
Policies and measures to support the full participation of women in cultural life have been implemented during the last 4 years: 
YES
Policies and measures have been adopted to support the recognition and advancement of women as artists, cultural professionals and/or creative entrepreneurs, (e.g. ensure equal pay for equal work or equal access to funding, coaching or mentoring schemes, anti-discrimination measures, etc.): 
YES
Data is regularly collected and disseminated to monitor: 
Participation of women in cultural life
Percentage of women receiving art national prizes/awards: 
40.00%
2019
Percentage of women participation in cultural activities: 
49.50%
2019
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Policy for enhancing the creative role of women

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
The Ministry of Culture
The Foreign Cultural Relations Sector
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The ministry of culture seeks to promote gender equality in the production of arts on content on one hand and in having access to this creative content on the other hand. This includes two key pillars from the Ministry’s pillars of action: -The first pillar is related to the concept of cultural equality and is one of the seven projects in the ministry’s action play. It should be noted that the concept of cultural equality from a broader perspective includes the just production, distribution and reception or access to cultural and creative goods or services between major cities on the one hand and rural or isolated areas or areas that are distant from the capital on the other. It also includes the just distribution between the two genders in terms of content production and access to various cultural services. - A budget of 367 million EGP has been allocated to the Cultural Justice Program for the fiscal year 2020-2021, which starts on the 1st of July 2020 and ends on the 30th of June 20201. - The second pillar is the policy for the enhancement, support and protection of gender equality in the various fields of cultural work, and it includes: - Enhancing women’s employment opportunities in the fields of cultural administration - Enhancing women’s training opportunities at the Ministry of Culture - Enhancing women’s opportunities of getting a fair share of the various cultural services (Included in the Cultural Justice Program) - Enhancing women’s opportunities for career growth within the sectors of the ministry - Enhancing women’s opportunities to represent Egypt in the international cultural events organized by the ministry abroad as part of the activities and events of the official cultural exchange between Egypt and other states. Below are participation rates of women in official Egyptian Delegations compared to men’s participation rates between 2016 and 2019. Women’s Participation Rates in Cultural Delegations Compared to Men from 2016 to 2019 2016 Women 51% Men 48.03% 2017 Women 62.03% Men 37.97% 2018 Women 50.77% Men 49.23% 2019 Women 58.54% Men 41.46%
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
Including women in delegations abroad to participate in cultural and artistic activities: First year (2016) Number of Activities (59 activities) 79 women 73 men Second year (2017) Number of Activities (41 activities) 49 women 30 men Third year (2018) Number of Activities (25 activities) 33 women 32 men Fourth year (2019) Number of Activities (19 activities) 24 women 17 men Total 144 Activities 185 women 152 men
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

376 million EGP
Cultural Justice Program Budget

Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The Ministry of Culture
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
The Foreign Cultural Relations Sector
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Artistic Freedom

The constitution and/or national regulatory frameworks formally acknowledge: 
The right of artists to create without censorship or intimidation
The right of artists to disseminate and/or perform their artistic works
The right for all citizens to freely enjoy artistic works both in public and in private
The right for all citizens to take part in cultural life without restrictions
Independent bodies are established to receive complaints and/or monitor violations and restrictions to artistic freedom: 
NO
Initiatives to protect artists at risk or in exile have been developed or supported by public authorities during the last 4 years (e.g. providing safe houses, guidance and training, etc.): 
YES
Measures and initiatives intended to ensure transparent decision-making on government funding/ state grants and awards for artists exist (e.g. through independent committees, etc.): 
NO
Social protection measures that take the professional status of artists into account have been adopted or revised in the last 4 years (e.g. health insurance, retirement schemes, unemployment benefits, etc.): 
YES
Economic measures that take the status of artists into account have been adopted or revised in the last 4 years (e.g. collective agreements, income tax and other regulatory frameworks, etc.): 
YES
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Social Protection System

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Social Solidarity
Arts Syndicates
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Publishing
Visual Arts
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
Artists in Egypt enjoy one of the social security and medical insurance means as per one or more of the following programs: - Artists who work at one of the art troupes affiliated to the Ministry of Culture and are treated as personnel of the State’s administrative apparatus get the social security and health care programs provided by the State to all personnel. The total number of government personnel in the last census of 2017, issued in 2020, was around 4.7 personnel. - Artists, writers, journalists, and media personnel affiliated to arts syndicates, the writers’ union, media syndicates such as the journalists syndicate, etc. get social security and health care on account of joining the syndicate. - The third program is the most recent and was introduced as a presidential program during the past four years. It is meant to benefit any Egyptian citizen unincluded in any of the social security and health care programs. - Thus, almost all personnel in the cultural milieu are included in health care and social security programs whether through the art troupes affiliated to the Ministry or their syndicates, or the new presidential program of social and health care. Artists in Egypt also benefit from one of the Ministry of Culture’s agencies that is primarily concerned with providing funding and partnerships with CSOs and was established specifically for this purpose; namely, the Cultural Development Fund. The latest reports indicate that the Cultural Development Fund has administered, organized, and supported many artistic and cultural festivals in cinema, theater, and plastic arts, where such festivals promoted these arts and enhanced their development, such as the Cairo National Festival for Egyptian Cinema, the National Festival of Egyptian Theatre, the Cairo International Festival for Experimental Theatre (CIFET), the Aswan International Sculpture Symposium, and the Children Film Festival over the 28 years since its establishment and to date. In the interest of achieving comprehensive cultural development, the fund also provided financial support to numerous bodies, institutions, and cultural and artistic centers, both governmental and non-governmental. The most prominent associations with which the fund has collaborated over the past four years are: Misr Al Khair Foundation, The Egyptian Artists Foundation for Culture and Arts, Al-Balad Al-Youm Foundation, Awaldna Foundation, Sayed Darwish Association, Association of Farid El-Atrash Lovers, Arab Association for Science, Culture and Development, Egyptian Cultural Heritage Organization (ECHO), Salwa Alwan Cultural Foundation, the Association for the Development and Enhancement of Women (ADEW) Egypt Future Foundation, Saad Zaghloul Association, and the Prince’s Foundation School of Traditional Arts in London, which finances programs that teach traditional and heritage crafts and arts in Al-Fustat Ceramics Center.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
Insurance coverage for all personnel working in the cultural milieu in Egypt
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Ministry of Culture
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
Ministry of Social Solidarity
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
Arts Syndicates
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Name of partner: 
Writers’ Union
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Name of partner: 
Journalists’ Syndicate
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)

Measures and Initiatives reported by Civil Society Organizations

Describe how the CSO form has been used to promote collaboration with CSOs in the preparation of this report, including the distribution of the form and the modalities of collection and analysis of the information received. Please indicate the percentage of measures and initiatives received that have been considered as relevant by the Party and included in the QPR.: 
Summary of the meeting with the civil society organizations The meeting was attended by the representatives of the following NGOs: - Al Warcha theater group - Angelic organization for cultural development - Nubian heritage association - Art d'Egypte - Culture Wheel center - Afca for Arts and Culture - Sahara association – Siwa - Jesuites Association for cultural and scientific renaissance Topics discussed: - Summary on the report convention - Introduction on the NGOs activities - Challenges facing the civil society sector in Egypt - Drafting the recommendations Main recommendations: - Taxes exemption for cultural organizations - Linking the activities of the NGOs organizations with the objectives of strategy 2030 - The state to include the plans of the civil society organizations in their strategy - To create a coordinating entity between the civil society organizations and the ministry of Culture
GOAL 1 - Support sustainable systems of governance for culture: 
-
GOAL 2 - Achieve a balanced flow of cultural goods and services and increase the mobility of artists and cultural professionals: 
-
GOAL 3 - Integrate culture in sustainable development frameworks: 
-
GOAL 4 - Promote human rights and fundamental freedoms: 
-
On the basis of the analysis of the responses provided through the CSO form, present up to ten main priorities of CSOs to implement the Convention over the next four years.: 
-

Emerging Transversal Issues

Relevant Policies and Measures: 
-

Challenges and Achievements

Describe the main results achieved to implement the Convention (at least one major achievement in one of the four goals): 
La dernière Constitution reconnait la diversité culturelle de l'Egypte et la liberté de création Vision 2030, carried out by the government, provides a set of policies that aim to protect and promote cultural diversity and include it as an important component of sustainable development.
Describe the main challenges encountered to implement the Convention and the main solutions found or envisaged to overcome them: 
- There are some difficulties in obtaining accurate figures in financing cultural activities, especially with other ministries. - So far, no Egyptian project has received funding from the convention. - The 2030 strategy will lead to more transparency and regular data control, and Egypt will present projects within the framework of the convention and hopes to obtain financing.
Describe the steps planned in the next four years to further implement the Convention and the priority areas identified for future policy action based on the conclusions of the current reporting process: 
The Ministry of Culture has its own plan linked to the Egyptian state strategy 2030, which allows for more integration of culture into the national economy and work on sustainable development. Law No. 149 of 2019 allows more freedoms and a launch for civil society organizations to contribute in the field of culture, which increases the possibilities for success of the Egyptian state strategy 2030. We hope to achieve more international cooperation with the countries of the South, and we also hope to obtain funding from the IFCD.

Annexes

Please upload relevant documents (law, policy, agreement, regulation, strategy, etc.), studies and statistics in PDF format related to the implementation of the 4 goals and the 11 areas of monitoring of the Convention in your country. The documents should have been produced during the reporting period covered by this periodic report. Please provide the title and a description of the main content of the document in English or French.: 

Submission

Designated official signing the report: 
Title: 
Mr.
First name: 
Anwar
Family name: 
Moghitn
Organization: 
Ministere de la culture
Position: 
Directeur du centre national de la traduction
Date of submission: 
2020
Electronic Signature: