During the process of consultation, the International Cooperation Department of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, as the national focal point for the Convention, requested relevant agencies, organizations and individuals to provide information and statistics related to policies and measures on the implementation of the Convention in Viet Nam for the period of 2016-2019. On that basis, the Drafting Team elaborated the Report and completed the content step by step after acquiring opinions of stakeholders at consultative workshops, particularly:
- On December 25, 2019, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism organized a workshop on “Policies, measures and next steps of Viet Nam on the implementation of the UNESCO’s Convention on Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Culture Expressions” in the framework of the Plan of building National Quadrennial Periodic Report period 2016-2019 on the implementation of the Convention. The workshop drew on the participation of members of the National Team, Drafting Team, representatives of some CSOs, professionals and researchers in relevant fields. During discussion sessions, participants highly appreciated the content of the draft implemented by the Drafting Team and requested further study. They also requested supplement practical professional statistics as well as some policies and measures of Viet Nam for the period of 2016-2019 to implement the Convention, contributing to protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions.
- On June 18, 2020, in Ha Noi, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism collaborated with the Embassy of Denmark in Viet Nam and UNESCO Office in Ha Noi and organized the Consultative Workshop on the “Review of Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions in Viet Nam”. Participants included representatives from departments of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism; Embassy of Denmark in Viet Nam; UNESCO Office in Ha Noi; delegates from relevant ministries, agencies; some municipal and provincial departments of culture and sports such as Ha Noi, Ho Chi Minh City, Thua Thien Hue; national culture and art organizations; civil society organizations; NGOs; social enterprises; universities and experts, researchers, artists … as well as representatives from press agencies. At the workshop, Prof. Dr. Bui Hoai Son, Director of Viet Nam National Institute of Culture and Art Studies and researchers of the Institute presented their process of research and data collection to build the draft of the National Report. Members of the Drafting Team made presentations on their research and also took note of discussions and feedback from the workshop’s delegates with a view of completing the draft to propose it to the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism for approval before submitting it to UNESCO.
Over the past 4 years (2016-2019), Vietnamese society has had many changes affecting the cultural development in general, and the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions in particular. Viet Nam's average economic growth rate is 6.78% (compared to 5.91% in the previous period) and is considered relatively high compared to other countries in the region. Its GDP per capita is 2,715 USD in 2019 (current price), falling under the low-middle income countries category. With a population of nearly 96.5 million people in 2019, Viet Nam has a large market for many types of goods, including cultural goods and services.
For economic, social and cultural development, Viet Nam, in the recent period, has focused on institutional reforms towards a socialist-oriented market economy, for a rich people, strong country and equitable, democratic, civilized society. The most notable among these reforms is the Government's guidelines and policies in building a startup nation by 2030 strengthening capability of access and active participation in the 4th Industrial Revolution, promoting sharing economic model or digital transformation activities in all areas at national level with the vision to 2030 Viet Nam will become a digital, stable and prosperous nation and a pioneer in testing new technologies and models.
Additionally, the increasing participation in international free trade agreements, including Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership CPTPP, ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement ATIGA (signed in February 2009), EU-Viet Nam Free Trade Agreement EVFTA (officially signed in June 30, 2019), EU-Viet Nam Investment Protection Agreement EVIPA, ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community ASCC,… on one hand has opened up many opportunities for promoting the trade flow of goods and investment. On the other hand, it has also made Viet Nam more exposed to the global impacts, culture included.
The recent period has also witnessed changes in awareness, formulation and implementation of cultural policies in Viet Nam. After issuing the Resolution 33-NQ/TW on June 14, 2014 of the 9th Plenary Session of the 11th Party Central Committee on construction and development of culture and Vietnamese people meeting national sustainable development requirements, the Government has formulated and implemented the National Strategy for the Development of Cultural Industries in Viet Nam to 2020, vision to 2030. Stemming from the Government's Strategy, separate action plans have been established and implemented by Viet Nam's localities and ministries for the cultural development in their region and expertise, in particular, building a database for cultural industries such as film, cultural tourism, performing arts, fine arts, photography, exhibition, advertising, etc.. Most recently, on October 30, 2019, Ha Noi was designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as a creative city in its Creative Cities Network. It is evident that the Strategy has raised awareness of the importance of creativity and diversity of cultural expressions in national development.
The implementation of the Convention in Viet Nam has enjoyed some advantages but faced many difficulties and challenges. Special attention of the Party and State given to cultural development and the increase in income, resulting in an emerging middle class, have paved the way for; a dynamic cultural market, extensive international integration process has created many favorable conditions for cultural exchange, many talented and active artists participating in culture and arts creation, some creative spaces models, public-private partnerships in the field of culture and arts with initial successes, support of international organizations, NGOs, start-up movements receiving attention and participation of the whole society...are good opportunities. Meanwhile, middle-income trap and the possible slowdown in the global and Viet Nam's economic development, lack of proper awareness of the position and the role of cultural industries in the development of the country and depressed cultural and art organizations...are challenges that need to be overcome for the better implementation of sustainably building and developing the country’s culture in line with the purpose of the 2005 Convention.
Viet Nam National Institute of Culture and Arts Studies
Department of Planning and Finance
Copyright Office of Viet Nam
Department of Fine Arts, Photography and Exhibition
Department of Grassroots Culture
Department of Performing Arts
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Information and Communications
National Foundation for Science and Technology Development
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Viet Nam Film Development Association
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Viet Nam Association of Business Culture Development
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Centre for Social Initiatives Promotion
Thanh Viet Company
Goal 1 - Support Sustainable Systems of Governance for Culture
Cultural and Creative Sectors
Decision No.1755/QD-TTg on September 8, 2016 approving the National Strategy for the development of cultural industries in Viet Nam to 2020, vision to 2030
Library Law 2019, Law No. 46/2019/QH14 issued by the National Assembly on November 21, 2019
- State budget.
- Revenue from library services.
- Sponsor, donor, gift, contribution from domestic and foreign organizations and individuals in accordance with relevant laws and regulations.
- Other legal sources.
Project on Reading Culture No. 329/QD-TTg dated March 15, 2017
State budget and socialization.
Renovating and diversifying services of the library system.
Law on Tourism 2017, Law No. 09/2017/QH14 issued by the National Assembly on June 19, 2017
State budget and socialization
Press Law, Law No. 103/2016/ QH13, issued by the National Assembly on April 5, 2016, in effect from January 1, 2017
Access to Information Law, Law No. 104/2016/QH13, approved by the National Assembly on April 6, 2016, in effect from July 1, 2018
Decision No. 467/QD-TTg issued by Prime Minister on April 25, 2019 on integrating policies that support information and propaganda towards poor households, ethnic minorities and mountainous, remote areas, areas by the borders and islands
VTV5 Tay Nguyen (Central Highlands) television channel (aired since October 17, 2016)
Resolution No. 52-NQ/TW on September 27, 2019 regarding a number of guidelines and policies on active participation in the fourth industrial revolution.
Shared Economic Model Promotion Scheme, issued in Decision No. 999 / QD-TTg of the Prime Minister on August 12, 2019
“Developing digital Vietnamese knowledge archive” Scheme (Decision No. 677 / QD-TTg dated May 18, 2017)
National budget, socialization, mobilization from enterprises
Decision No. 274 /QD-TTg issued by Prime Minister on March 12, 2019 regarding the Project on National Public Service Portal
Partnering with Civil Society
Decision No. 844/QD-TTg issued by the Prime Minister on approving the National Program “Support the National Innovation Initiative for Startup Ecosystem to 2025"
According to experts' evaluation, the project needs to aim to incubate a team of founders with innovative startup minds and move towards transforming the business model towards more breakthrough development. It must continue to maintain the training of a professional mentor team as seeds to support in many provinces and fields across the country and contribute to the overall development. To solve the difficulties in connecting to the network of qualified experts, one of the key activities of National Program 844 in the near future is building a shared database of information on experts and mentors on innovative startup for agencies and units to access.
It is necessary to promote the connection and coordination as well as take advantage of resources among agencies and organizations for more effective startups, identify and study the unique characteristics and advantages of each locality to have appropriate models for developing innovative startups.
In each locality, the success and sustainable development of innovative startups demand the support of leaders and the participation of authorities and local media in raising awareness of the importance of innovative startups.
Strengthen the support of professional private organizations, contributing to the formation of scientific strategies and solutions to build ecosystems suitable for each stage of development.
The Decree No. 93/2019/NĐ-CP on the organization and operation of social and charity funds, in effect from January 15, 2020.
Goal 2 - Achieve a Balanced Flow of Cultural Goods and Services and Increase the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Decree No. 03/VBHN-BCA on March 21, 2019 concerning the order and procedures for pilot issuing electronic visas for foreigners immigrating to Viet Nam
Thanks to this measure, all citizens including artists, cultural, artistic and creative researchers and practitioners from 80 countries have had support in applying for visa to Viet Nam to research, practice culture and arts, and travel.
Decision No. 1437/QD-TTg issued by Prime Minister on July 19, 2016 regarding the Project on “Training and fostering Vietnamese cultural and arts human resources abroad”
Annual state budget allocated in accordance with the Law on State budget and on the basis of estimates by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
Although cultural and arts have been trained and fostered, they lack orientation and focus on cultural and creative industries. Policies on training of human resources for cultural industries have not met the requirements as well.
Research, propose special incentives, support, encourage and attract high quality, well-trained and experienced human resources from countries with a high level of development in cultural industry.
(According to the Report on the results of implementation of the Prime Minister's Decision 1755 / QD-TTg on September 8, 2016 approving the National Strategy for the Development of Cultural Industries in Viet Nam to 2020, vision to 2030 by the Copyright Office, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism on July 30, 2018 and January 10, 2019)
The program to support strengthening scientific and technological capacity of National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED)
The national program to support enhancing scientific and technological capacity had positive impacts on fostering research in science and technology organizations, broadening international cooperation in science research, contributing to improving the research quality and developing human resource in science in Viet Nam. Supporting methods were implemented towards international standards, transparency and equality in creating a healthy academic environment, strengthening research at institutes and universities in the country.
The implementation of measures supported/sponsored by the Fund had achieved good results and got access to international standards. It is an important factor in the development of high-quality human resources in science and technology, contributing to social-economic development and industrialization of the country.
Flow of Cultural Goods and Services
Government Resolution No. 109/NQ-CP on December 28, 2016 approving the ASEAN Harmonized Tariff Nomenclature Book 2017 (AHTN 2017) (Special preferential import tariff for countries signing the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement with Viet Nam)
Decree No. 57/2019/ND-CP on June 26, 2019 on the Preferential Export Tariff and the Special Preferential Import Tariff to implement the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership in the period from 2019 to 2022
Treaties and agreements
ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC)
The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community has so far affirmed its important role in contributing to building a shared community that is people-centered and people-oriented. With the efforts from the member states, the Community has achieved important results, contributing to creating a strong and closely connected regional community.
EU-Viet Nam Free Trade Agreement EVFTA
Memorandum of Understanding on Cultural Industry Development with China signed in Ha Noi on November 12, 2017
Goal 3 - Integrate Culture in Sustainable Development Frameworks
National Sustainable Development Policies & Plans
Decision 622/QĐ-TTg dated May 10, 2017 on promulgating the National Action Plan for the implementation of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda
Decision No. 4588/QĐ-BVHTTDL issued by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism on December 14, 2018 on promulgating the Action Plan to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
National Target Programs for New Rural Development 2016-2020
Decision 950/QĐ-TTg in 2018 approving the Scheme of Sustainable Smart City Development in Viet Nam 2018-2025, orientation to 2030
International Cooperation for Sustainable Development
Plan No. 787/KH-BVHTTDL of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism dated March 6, 2019 to implement the Directive of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of Viet Nam on promoting and elevating multilateral diplomacy by 2030
Building a dossier on Ha Noi – a creative city (in the field of design) in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)
ASEAN Film Awards founded and hosted by Viet Nam (held in 2017)
Goal 4 - Promote Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Decision No. 939 / QD-TTg by Prime Minister on June 30, 2017 approves Program for Supporting Women in Entrepreneurship in the period of 2017-2025
Budget for the implementation of the project is allocated from the state budget according to regulations, integrated with other programs and projects of the Government, ministries, localities and other legitimate funding sources (if any).
Center for Contemporary Arts Support and Development VICAS Art Studio
VICAS Art Studio, with the support of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, is one of the first contemporary art spaces in Viet Nam, managed and operated by a governmental unit, marking an important milestone in the context of contemporary art in Viet Nam as it shows the Government's commitment to support the creative activities and arts practices of artists.
- On the program: support the artists facing difficulties through providing venues, supporting the process of organizing exhibitions, contemporary art performances and installation; effectively connect between artists and artists, artists and audience/public (ranging from 100-150 audience members on opening days; 200-300 audience members visiting the exhibition), artists and collectors/markets and become a new trusted and loved art space by Vietnamese artists; promote connection and introduction of Vietnamese artists to national, regional and international cultural and arts spaces and organizations (Southeast Asia, South Korea);
- On communication effectiveness: attract the attention of many broadcasters and major newspapers in reporting, writing reviews about the Center's events and activities; gradually attract the public including foreigners to visit and participate in its activities;
- Improve the professional capacity of the Management Board Members by implementing the Center's programs, projects and events, its members' capabilities are strengthened in terms of event organization, communication and marketing, arts administration and curation;
- Shaping national and international status: according to a British Council's Report (2018, done by independent reviewers), VICAS Center for Contemporary Arts Support and Development is currently one of the seven creative hub highlights out of more than 140 notable creative hubs nationwide; known among the community of creative hubs in Southeast Asia, East Asia and the UK (through cooperation and exchange programs with other regional and international creative hubs).
- No regular budget for operation from Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism; the activities of the Center rely entirely on fundraising and support of international cultural and arts organizations in Viet Nam;
- The main and regular activities of the Center are mostly visual art exhibitions; activities for other fields of contemporary art such as installation, contemporary performance, contemporary music, video art, etc. have not yet been organized diversely given the potential the Center has on resources and support of stakeholders (VICAS, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, international organizations);
- Restricted arts management capability and in-depth expertise in contemporary art forms of Center's Management Board Members.
- Allocate annual budget for the Center to organize more diverse, and effective contemporary art support activities in Viet Nam;
- Support training to improve the capacity of the Center's management staff on art management and contemporary art.
Cultural and Creative Hubs (CCHs) Viet Nam 2018-2021
600,000 EUR (in which EU sponsored EUR 449,387 and British Council sponsored EUR 150,000)