CONSULTATION PROCESS WITH PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
In order to carry out the consultation process with Ecuadorian public institutions, the following actions were carried out:
UNESCO 2005 Convention Regional Workshop
From November 19 to 21, 2019, Ecuador hosted the first regional workshop on the UNESCO 2005 Convention, which aimed at developing capacities in public officials and public institution professionals in the monitoring and implementation of the UNESCO 2005 Convention, thus, facilitating the preparation and delivery of high quality quadrennial reports on behalf of Latin American States, and contributing to a better incorporation of the Convention in public policies for achieving regional sustainable development.
The Workshop was organized by the UNESCO office in Quito and Representation for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, in cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Heritage of Ecuador, where the workshop was held with the presence of delegates from different countries such as: Honduras, Chile, Venezuela, Panama, Argentina, Peru, Mexico, Uruguay and Costa Rica.
The opportunity for this workshop to be held in Ecuador represented a first approach with national institutions for the purposes of the Convention, so that they could get familiar with it and with the preparation of their Periodic Report.
Work meetings with Public Institutions
1st Inter-agency Meeting
In order to exercise the statutory commitment of the 2005 Convention and to socialize what was discussed in the abovementioned Regional Workshop, the Ministry of Culture and Heritage, through an official letter dated 13 December 2019, summoned the 1st. Inter-agency Meeting of the Quadrennial Periodic Report of the Convention, held on December 19, at the facilities of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage. In this first meeting, the topics already discussed in the regional workshop were socialized and highlighted with those institutions that were not able to attend such workshop and all inquiries of those who did attend were answered. As a result of this meeting, the Roadmap with the activities, time lines and responsibilities to be fulfilled was prepared and approved, in order to carry out the important task of drafting the Quadrennial Periodic Report of the UNESCO 2005 Convention. All inputs for the preparation of the Report were also shared, such as the UNESCO format, the Monitoring Framework, the text of the Convention and the two previous reports of Ecuador, so that the institutions could review the information and become familiar with the documents.
2nd Inter-agency meeting
The 2nd Inter-agency Meeting was held at the facilities of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage on January 15, 2020, in order to sign the “Act of Constitution of the National Drafting Team of the 2020 Quadrennial Periodic Report of the UNESCO 2005 Convention” Moreover, at this meeting each institution was able to set out the actions they deemed relevant to be included in the report.
This 2nd Meeting was an important space for the exchange of information and for the effective review of national achievements in the implementation of the 2005 Convention and the challenges for the next four years.
Finally, each of the institutions undertook the task of sending the actions they had to report in the format established by UNESCO, according to their area of competence.
Collection of Information
After receiving the information from each of the member institutions of the “National Drafting Team”, the Ministry of Culture and Heritage reviewed, validated, processed and translated the information in order to upload the report, in full, to the platform of the UNESCO 2005 Convention on the “ Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions”.
According to the Roadmap previously established, a Third Inter-agency Meeting to present the final version of the report, with the integration of all information shared was scheduled, however, due to the international health situation caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, it was not possible to hold this meeting. Thus, the final report will be shared online with the member Institutions of the National Drafting Team.
CONSULTATION PROCESS WITH CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
In order to carry out the consultation process with the Civil Society Organizations, the following actions were carried out:
• During the meetings with Public Institutions, the first step was to socialize and position the importance of the participation of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in the construction of the Quadrennial Periodic Report. Thus, we asked each of the member institutions of the National Drafting Team, to list the civil society organizations they considered appropriate to include in the report, according to their areas of competence.
• The list of Civil Society Organizations to be convened was compiled, with the proposals shared by the institutions and those considered relevant by the Ministry of Culture and Heritage.
• In order to make a first approach, calls were made to each of the CSOs to be convened, to let them know they would be invited to a workshop on the UNESCO 2005 Convention and to ask them where the official invitation should be sent to.
• The official invitation on behalf of the highest authority of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage to hold a workshop with Civil Society Organizations is made. The workshop was held at the facilities of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage on February 05, 2020.
• Once the Call was made, each of the guests was phoned again to confirm their attendance.
Workshop with CSOs on the UNESCO 2005 Convention and its Periodic Report
• For the workshop, folders with the necessary information that participants should have at hand on the 2005 Convention and the Periodic Report were put together. Additionally, two presentations were made, an introductory presentation on the Convention, the Report and its importance, and another one about Ecuador's two previous experiences with the 2012 and 2016 reports. On the other hand, the 2005 Convention platform and its tools -i.e. the map of good practices examples, the International Fund for Cultural Diversity, the Monitoring Framework and other relevant information- were presented.
• Each participant introduced him/herself to be able to know which organization they represented and what the scope of their management was.
• In order to improve the understanding of the issues covered by the Convention and its Monitoring Framework, an exercise was made. It consisted of dividing the room in 4 work groups, one per objective of the monitoring framework. Each participant had to go from one work group to another, until they had participated in all of them, so that they would be able to identify which of the objective(s) were framed in their operations.
• After identifying the objective of the Monitoring Framework within which their operations were framed, an example was given of how the format of Civil Society Organizations should be completed.
• A space for questions and comments was given to address any concerns, doubts or suggestions.
• Subsequently, each of the representatives of Civil Society Organizations wrote on paper what they considered to be the challenges of the Convention for the future.
• Finally, the participants were requested to e-mail information on the measures or actions they had carried out in the last four years and that were in line with the objectives of the Convention in the format established by UNESCO.
Collection of information
• For collecting the information of each of the participants, the format established by UNESCO, which was presented at the workshop, was e-mailed to them so that they could fill the information according to the established parameters. This information had to be delivered by February 14, 2020.
• Upon receipt of the information, it was reviewed and taken into consideration for this Report.
This document aims at accounting for the progress made in the measures implemented by the Ecuadorian State between 2016 and 2020 in favor of the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions.
For Ecuador it is of utmost importance to fulfil its commitments with the international community. It is also important to show, through a third version of the periodic report, the evolution of institutions and the implementation of public culture policies.
Thus, this document shows the achievements in the artistic and cultural field, thanks to the efforts of both the public sector and Civil Society Organizations, in the course of the last four years, in which an important milestone has been the implementation of the Organic Law of Culture approved at the end of 2016.
Throughout the information reported, it will be possible to see the consolidation of a promotion scheme in Ecuador that seeks to generate the best conditions for the development of artistic and cultural activities through the strengthening of formal and non-formal education in art and culture, the implementation of the Comprehensive Information System, the positioning of the artistic and cultural sector as strategic for the development of the country, and the expansion of promotion mechanisms to include financing programs and tax incentives.
The above constitutes the framework within which the Comprehensive Plan for the Promotion of Culture, known as “Ecuador Creativo" (Creative Ecuador), has been institutionalized. This Plan is a fundamental axis for the revitalization of cultural and creative industries, with a view to complying with the Organic Law of Culture.
Finally, it is also important to highlight the great challenges faced by the cultural and creative sector in Ecuador, such as the implementation of a specific social security system that is in line with the reality in which cultural workers operate, thus guaranteeing the worthy exercise of their activities, among other actions that have yet to be implemented by government bodies and civil society.
Institute for the Promotion of Arts, Innovation and Creativity (IFAIC, in Spanich)
Institute of Cinema and Audiovisual Creation (ICCA, in Spanish)
Ministry of foreign relations and human mobility
Ministry of Tourism
MINISTRY OF PRODUCTION, FOREIGN TRADE, INVESTMENTS AND FISHERIES
National Institute of Statistics and Censuses
National customs service of Ecuador
National Council for Intergenerational Equality
National Council for the Equality of Human Mobility
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion
National Council for the Equality of Peoples and Nationalities
National Council for Equality of Disabilities
National Council for Gender Equality
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Front for the Defense of Ecuadorian Music and Expressions
Institute of Higher National Studies of Ecuador (IAEN, in Spanish)
University of the Arts
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Crisalys and Ñuca Trans
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Society of Ecuadorian Authors and Composers (SAYCE, in Spanish)
Goal 1 - Support Sustainable Systems of Governance for Culture
Cultural and Creative Sectors
Implementation of a System for the Validation of Professional Trajectories in the Field of Arts (Professionalization of the cultural sector through education and training programs in different fields - Organic Law of Culture: Art. 16, paragraph f)
The total approved cost for the validation process is US$1,275 per person. Each student paid such amount
Accreditation of Conservatories and Higher Institutes of Arts as higher education institutions (Democratization of access to high quality artistic, cultural and heritage education — Organic Law of Culture: Art. 16, paragraph g)
Arts Education: implementation of the Technical High School Diploma and the Supplementary High School Diploma in Arts (Organic Law of Culture: Art. 16, paragraph a)
Cultural and artistic education (ECA, in Spanish) - (Strengthening of artistic skills and expressions and education of critical audiences for the exercise of cultural rights and the strengthening of cultural and creatiLaw of Culture: Art. 16, paragraph b)
The Ministry of Education presented the scheduled 2019 annual investment plan for an amount of US$ 651,390,422.35. Source: https://www.finanzas.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2018/11/20CN_Pl...
Higher Education in Arts: Results of the management of the University of the Arts (UArtes, in Spanish) of Ecuador
From 2012 to 2019, a total of$61,668,871.00 was allocated in personnel, services, consumer goods, works and infrastructure, furniture, equipment and systems.
Comprehensive Plan for the Promotion of Cultural and Creative Industries “Ecuador Creativo”- (Promotion and boosting of entrepreneurship, and cultural and creative industries)
Implementation of the Comprehensive Culture Information System (Access, systematization, dissemination, and obligation to provide information to citizens and national bodies — Organic Law of Culture: Art. 9)
The availability of cultural information has made it possible to generate sectoral studies in the culture field, not only within the Ministry but also in other bodies. With the information generated, it has been possible to put forward public policy proposals, for example tax, incentives and tariff exemptions.
However, a continuous and adequate flow of information has not yet been achieved between the institutions that comprise the National Culture System.
Legalization and Registration of Cultural Organizations (Organic Law of Citizen Participation: Art. 36)
Since it is an administrative procedure, it does not have a specific budget allocated, as it falls under the current expenditure category.
Partnering with Civil Society
Creation of the Cultural Observatory of Ecuador- (Management of the Comprehensive Cultural Information System for the monitoring and evaluation of production practices, circulation and dynamics of the culture economy.; LOC: Art. 26, paragraph m)
Goal 2 - Achieve a Balanced Flow of Cultural Goods and Services and Increase the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Foreign Participation of Ecuadorian artists and cultural projects
* In 2016, due to budgetary adjustments, the amount allocated for the mobilization of artists was US$6,342.94 (Six thousand three hundred forty-two US dollars and ninety-four cents).
* In 2017, the Ministry of Culture and Heritage granted a total of US$61,566.06 (sixty-one thousand five hundred sixty-six US dollars and six cents).
* In 2018, the Ministry of Culture and Heritage granted a total of US$49,000.00 (Forty-nine thousand US dollars).
* In 2019, IFAIC allocate a total of US$109,752.27 (one hundred and nine thousand seven hundred and fifty-two US dollars and twenty-seven cents) for the mobilization of artists.
* From 2016 to 2019, ICCA supported 135 programs of international spaces with a total amount of US$197,052.00 (one hundred ninety-seven thousand fifty-two US dollars).
* This means that between 2016 and 2019, the Ecuadorian State allocated a total budget of US$423,713.27 (Four hundred and twenty three thousand seven hundred and thirteen US dollars and twenty-seven cents), for the presence of Ecuadorian art and culture abroad.
Flow of Cultural Goods and Services
Ecuador's participation in Ibero-American Cooperation Programmes (IBER Programmes)
In the 2016 - 2019 period, the following resources were allocated:
* IBERMEDIA: US$640,000
* IBERMUSICAS: US$65,000
* IBERESCENA: US$260,000
* IBERORQUESTAS JUVENILES: US$200,000
* IBERCULTURA VIVA COMUNITARIA: US$65,000
This gives a total of US$345,000 (three hundred forty-five thousand US dollars) allocated in IBER Programs in 2019.
Treaties and agreements
Goal 3 - Integrate Culture in Sustainable Development Frameworks
National Sustainable Development Policies & Plans
Promotion of Arts, Culture and Innovation (LOC — Arts. 24-103-105-110)
Year Investment in Dollars
2017 US$ 2,499,237.64
2019 US$ 2,348,155.95
Source: 2020 Information Directorate of the National Culture System
The measure was evaluated until before the LOC entered into force, i.e. until 2017. At the time of drafting this Quadrennial Periodic Report, the management of the Promotion Institutes has not been evaluated. However, it is considered appropriate to highlight relevant aspects of the conclusion and recommendation of the previous evaluation:
"(...) From the historical analysis of the allocations for Contest and Festival Funds it can be inferred that there are two types of concentrations, the first one linked to the territory and the second one linked to the sector. Our hypothesis regarding concentration in relation to territory is based on the following factors:
(i) access by users and applicants to the means of participation (offices of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage, reception and dispatch mechanisms to the headquarters, review logistics, etc.);
(ii) capacity building in relation to application mechanisms (there has historically been a closeness of bureaucratic tools to citizens in large cities);
(iii) dissemination of the application process in territory - since the on-site teams of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage are small, the diffusion of these processes is minimal.-
(...) It is necessary to explore the action territories and the strategic partnership between the public and private sectors, the self-financing and co-financing options and practices, and other possibilities that guarantee the sustainability of cultural projects, initiatives or practices. (2017 Information Directorate of the National Culture System)
Inclusion of goals, policies, programs and projects for the development of the cultural sector in the National Development Plan
With regard to cultural GDP, it should be noted that the methodology for calculating the Culture Satellite Account by the Central Bank of Ecuador has only been validated since 2016. For that year, cultural activities contributed with 1.93% of Ecuador's GDP. However, there is a 2-year delay in the publication of final information by the Central Bank, so estimates have been made with provisional data. In mid-2019, the Central Bank of Ecuador announced several methodological changes in national accounts and base year calculations. In this regard, the Information Directorate of the National Culture System will also change its methodology for calculating the Culture Satellite Account.
Implementation of the National Book and Reading Plan (Promotion of democratic access to artistic and cultural goods and services — Organic Law of Culture: Art. 103, paragraph b)
Investment in dollars to date.
Year Investment in Dollars
2018 US$ 3,591,551.24
2019 US$ 800,983.78
TOTAL US$ 4,392,535.02
Creation of the Cultural and Creative Industries Subcommission within the framework of the Ecuadorian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO.
International Cooperation for Sustainable Development
Goal 4 - Promote Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
International Festival of Living Arts in Loja (FIAVL, in Spanish)- (Promoting and boosting free creation, production, valuation and circulation of cultural products and services, and ancestral knowledge. Organic Law of Culture: Art.3, paragraph b)
Year Investment in Dollars
2016 US$ 1,933,090
2017 US$ 3,000,000
2018 USD $2,600,000
2019 US$ 1,554,893
Total US$ 9,087,983
Source: Ministry of Culture and Heritage (2019)
The first two editions of FIAVL were evaluated in October 2018, which resulted in a project that showed the need to have a strategic vision, mission and objectives, to guide the activities of FIAVL and the need to have a management unit within the Ministry of Culture and Heritage, responsible for its artistic direction, coordination, development and execution. The SWOT analysis carried out contributed to the construction of public policy guidelines for FIAVL, with the aim of generating actions to promote and strengthen the components of the Festival: Pre-production and production, artistic programming, presentation spaces, circulation and value, business roundtable, and Road to Loja; and, in this way, guarantee its efficient and optimal annual development.
In 2019, the Ministry of Culture and Heritage signed an agreement with the Foundation for Business and Social Development and the Private Technical University of Loja for the creation of a cultural observatory to enable the yearly evaluation of the Festival's impact.
Measures and Initiatives reported by Civil Society Organizations
Cultural Programming of the Institute of Higher National Studies of Ecuador
Follow-up to the implementation of the Law on Communication for Socio-Cultural Spaces
Music Incentive Program
Crisalys and Ñuca Trans
Emerging Transversal Issues
Inclusion of the artistic and cultural fields in the National Equality Agendas
Challenges and Achievements
|National Development Plan||6.45 MB|
|Organic Law of Culture||427.95 KB|
|Regiment of the Organic Law of Culture||125.93 KB|
|Organic Law of Human Mobility||523.49 KB|
|Resolution 554||602.09 KB|
|University of the Arts Convention||561.33 KB|
|Trayectory Validation Regulation||2.36 MB|
|University of the Arts Validations||321.44 KB|
|Creation Methodology Higher Institutes||2.85 MB|
|ECA implementation guide||2.85 MB|
|Emblematic Festivals Agreement||1.58 MB|
|Development Fund Regulations||36.63 KB|
|Arts and Culture Education||1.65 MB|
|Agreement 147||1.47 MB|
|Executive Order 829||913.53 KB|
|Executive Order 193||364.63 KB|
|Ministerial agreement RUAC||1.87 MB|
|Organic Law FIAVL||1.04 MB|