The questionnaire was prepared together with Arts Promotion Centre and Cupore and sent to other relevant ministries (Foreign Affairs, Transport and Communications as well as Economic Affairs and Employment). The following civil society associations and federations were addressed as well : Sirkuksen tiedotuskeskus ry - circus
HIAP – Helsinki International Artists Programme
Suomen Näyttelijäliitto ry actors
Suomen teatteri- ja mediatyöntekijöiden liitto ry theatre and media workes
Tanssin tiedotuskeskus ry danceinfo.fi
Teatterin tiedotuskeskus ry theatre information
Music Finland ry
Suomen Sinfoniaorkesterit ry orchestras
Finland Festivals ry
Forum Artis ry artists
Frame contemporary art
Suomen lastenkulttuurikeskusten liitto chirldrens' culture
Cupore cultural policy research
Neogames Finland ry videogames
Suomen Taiteilijaseura ry visual artists
KULTA ry federation for cultural onrganisations
Suomen museoliitto museums
Women in Film and TV Finland
Suomen kirjailijaliitto – writers union
Suomen kirjastoseura – libraries
Suomen kotiseutuliitto – tlocal cultural heritage
Kultti ry - cultural magazines
Koulukino film education
Only two civil society organisations replied to the questionnaire; Frame and Koulukino. Others found the questionnaire too difficult to answer.
Over the current reporting period, three government programmes have guided the development of cultural policy and implementation of the Convention: prime minister Juha Sipilä, prime minister Antti Rinne and prime minister Sanna Marin’s programme. The programmes have featured initiatives aimed at both the economic and cultural dimensions of culture, which have been widely accepted as the basis of Finland’s cultural policy. For a more comprehensive review on the structures and development of cultural policy in Finland, please refer to Finland’s country profile of the Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends: https://www.culturalpolicies.net/database/search-by-country/country-profile/?id=12
In addition to new initiatives, which have been launched and new developments that are anticipated, the Finnish system for cultural policy is also characterised by relative stability stemming from the many regulatory duties of the central government. However, legislative reforms have been prepared in the course of the current reporting period to be able to better adapt to the changing operating environment of the sector. These include reforms of the public financing system for the arts and culture as well as the introduction of new responsibilities for development for public libraries, museums, and municipalities. Participation of children and young people in the arts and culture have been high on the Governments’ agendas and cross-sectoral cooperation for developing the opportunities for internationalisation and growth of the Finnish cultural and creative sectors has been continued.
In addition to Government initiatives and programmes, the Strategy for Cultural Policy of the Ministry of Education and Culture guides the development of cultural policy in Finland. Finalised in 2016, the strategy sets out three main target areas and strategic objectives for cultural policy until 2025:
• Creative work and production
o The conditions for artistic and other creative work will be better, and there will be more diverse ways to produce and distribute creative works.
• Inclusion and participation in arts and culture
o Inclusion in arts and culture will be increased and differences between population groups in terms of participation will be smaller.
• Cultural basis and continuity
o The cultural basis will be strong and vital.
Over the current reporting period, the Ministry of Education and Culture also prepared a new strategy for 2030. In this strategy, the Ministry states its commitment to foster cultural diversity. The implementation of the strategy centres on the following culture-related impacts:
• Equitable educational and cultural rights
• Creative sectors and creative competence strengthen the economic structure
• Arts and science, early childhood care, education, youth work and sports foster an inquiry-based, creative, responsible and international world view
• A mix of tools for creating, producing and leveraging arts and culture and to protect our diverse cultural heritage
• Active citizenship and an active way of life becomes prevalent. More people engaged in sports, arts and culture
• Greater shared responsibility, inclusion, transparency and sense of community.
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Cupore Centre for Cultural Policy research
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of transport and communications
Arts Promotion Centre
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
FRAME Contemporary Art Finland
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
National Audiovisual Institute
Goal 1 - Support Sustainable Systems of Governance for Culture
Cultural and Creative Sectors
Renewal of the Municipal Cultural Activities Act
Renewing the Government financing system for performing arts and museums
152 000 000
Production incentive for the Audiovisual Sector
11,2 million USD / year
The mid-term evaluation (2018) identified three main challenges in the implementation of the incentive: limited annual budget, weaknesses in international marketing and possible lack of expertise within the audiovisual industry. In light of these challenges, the evaluation recommended that, inter alia:
* The financial services of Business Finland be developed; including continued funding for the incentive, removal of annual funding ceilings, greater flexibility to annual budgets, more transparency and increased clarity of rules for incentive funding, reformed efforts to international marketing, linkages between the incentive and other funding services of Business Finland.
* The ecosystem of the audiovisual sector be developed; including a common roadmap and strategy for the industry as a joint effort by the key players, investments into training and general development of the ecosystem, increased external funding through enhanced and coordinated marketing efforts within the sector.
* A final assessment and follow up of the incentive be carried out.
New Public Libraries Act (2016)
368 million USD / year
Media Literacy in Finland – National Media Education Policy
Difficult to assess
State Support for Cultural Magazines
1 million USD/year
An internal review on the subscription support system was concluded in 2018. The review showed that libraries were in general happy with the current system. The review also showed that the support was especially important to smaller municipalities, which might not be able to subscribe to cultural magazines at all was it not for the State's contribution.
In general, most of the cultural magazines receiving state support would not exist without the subsidy.
Digital cultural heritage initiative
When the results of all project periods of the National Digital Library project (2008-2017) were assessed by an external evaluator, it was noted that the NDL project had achieved all of its goals in all sub-areas either well or quite well. The recommendations for the successor of the NDL, the Digital Cultural Heritage initiative, were as follows:
* sustainable structure and sufficient resources
* clear roles and responsibilities, active co-ordination, effective deployment and monitoring of the impact
* analysis of the future development in the operating environment
* introduction of the joint services, increasing their usage and improving the awareness of the services.
available in Finnish: https://api.hankeikkuna.fi/asiakirjat/f3a49f57-61d7-45e4-a579-7246324d07...).
Research project, “Audience development of cultural institutions via digital means”
Partnering with Civil Society
Goal 2 - Achieve a Balanced Flow of Cultural Goods and Services and Increase the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Support for artists’ mobility
For subsidies and grants for artistic mobility 738 000 euro (about 800 000 dollars) in 2019, about the same amount annually. The amount of money for projects is impossible to detach as it is largely labour input of Taike's personnel and co-operation with other actors in the field of art and culture.
Yes. The latest Arts and Culture Barometer from 2019 surveyed the support for mobility of art and artists by Taike.
The Arts and Culture Barometer summarised what artists' thoughts are on mobility, but it did not give recommendations.
Flow of Cultural Goods and Services
Treaties and agreements
Goal 3 - Integrate Culture in Sustainable Development Frameworks
National Sustainable Development Policies & Plans
Promoting the cultural dimension of sustainable development – implementation of the Agenda 2030 in the Ministry of Education and Culture
A comprehensive evaluation of Finland's sustainable development policy was concluded in 2019, see in English: https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/handle/10024/161601
The evaluation shows that future policy should focus on climate change, environmental questions, consumption and increasing inequality. Increasing inequality has also been identified as a challenge in the Ministry of Education and Culture's Strategy for Cultural Policy 2025. Promoting participation in culture remains an important objective of Finland's cultural policy.
International Cooperation for Sustainable Development
Support for Civil Society
Supporting indigenous and local communities
The main recommendations from the projects are that existing frameworks may provide for protection for indigenous peoples' rights. Possible policy areas to explore include IP, cultural heritage, human rights and environmental frameworks for protection. It is always important to as a first step, find the gaps in existing frameworks before developing new solutions. This approach requires an inclusive approach, that ensures active participation of representatives of indigenous peoples. This may entail financial support and capacity building while respecting specific internal structures of the indigenous peoples for protecting cultural heritage that may differ from approaches approved for the national level.
Goal 4 - Promote Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Promoting gender equality within the Finnish film and theatre sectors
A research project was carried out by the Center for Cultural Policy Research Cupore in 2016-2017 on Gender Equality in Finnish Film Production. The purpose of the research was to find out whether gender equality was realised in the public financing of Finnish film. In addition, factors that may cause gender inequalities in film production more broadly were evaluated. Gender equality was approached as a question of financial resources: do women and men receive an equal amount of public financial resources for their films? Public resources referred to funds originating from the state budget. The research results were published in a publication: Gender Equality in Finnish Film Production. The Division of Public Financing. Tarja Savolainen 2017. Center for Cultural Policy Research Cupore.
The study by Cupore indicated that the financing organisations do not report how the money is awarded per gender. One of the main suggestions was to create a database that would enable the monitoring of public film financing and the evaluation of gender equality. The Finnish Film Foundation and public broadcaster YLE have since started these databases.
Gender equality policy of the Ministry of Education and Culture
Ministry of Education and Culture commissioned a research project to examine gender equality and wellbeing at work in the field of arts and culture. The Asiallista? -research was carried out by the Centre for Cultural Policy Research Cupore in 2018-2019. The research results were published in a publication: The girl plays like a man! How to strengthen equality and wellbeing at work in the cultural field? Anna Anttila 2019. Center for Cultural Policy Research Cupore.
MEANS TO ENHANCE EQUALITY AND WELLBEING IN THE CULTURAL FIELD
ZERO TOLERANCE IS THE KEY TO ELIMINATING HARASSMENT
* Making structures, operating cultures and work communities open, transparent
* Removing conditions that allow harassment and exploitation
* Not leaving the victim to shoulder the responsibility
REGULATORY AND FUNDING MANAGEMENT, MONITORING
* Management and monitoring to ensure compliance with labor and other laws
* Bringing collective agreements up to par
* Including equality plans already in funding applications
* Financial sanctions in cases of misconduct, possibility of recovery of funding
* Continuous and updated collection of data on the state of equality, publicizing equality statistics
TRAINING AND MONITORING
* Personnel management training for managers/leaders/supervisors with competence based on artistic qualifications
* More interaction and equality skills for actors in the field
* Emphasis on pedagogical merits in choice of professors
* Anti-harassment methods and awareness raising for employer and employee organizations: gender equality plans, playing rules for working life, code of conduct, unconscious bias
* Occupational safety and health inspectorates, trade unions and the Ombudsman for Equality offer advice
* Considering also the free art field in the future: would it be possible to follow the example of structures that support free researchers and journalists (ethics committees, councils etc.)?
DISMANTLING OUTDATED GENDER TRADITONS, STEREOTYPES AND GENIUS MYTHS
* There is nobody so exceptional that they would have the right or special privilege to oppress others
* Work conditions need to be decent even when work is done as a calling
* Attention needs to paid in all communications to how different genders are treated respectfully
* Examples of good practices that promote equality should be disseminated
Status of the Artist
Exhibition compensation – grants for museums to cover fees to artists
An external evaluation of the pilot has been commissioned and is expected to be finished in spring 2020. The Ministry will use the results of the evaluation and other information gathered throughout the trial to assess and determine future measures regarding the subject.
Measures and Initiatives reported by Civil Society Organizations
Financial support for participation in culture
Koulukino´s online service for film education
: Travel grants + Venice Biennial exhibition
Emerging Transversal Issues
Government key project “Access to art and culture will be facilitated”, implementation project “Expansion of the Percent for Art Scheme”
Yes. Centre for Cultural Policy Research evaluated the development projects and Ramboll/Owal Group evaluated the pilots.
Both evaluations presented similar findings. Art and culture as part of the structures of social welfare and healthcare compliment health and social services and make them more versatile as well as increase opportunities for the realisation of cultural rights in various situations in life. Establishing art and cultural activities as part of social welfare and healthcare requires more consistent funding from funds allocated to operational economy and special resources for novel development and pilots. In addition to this, the evaluations identified a need to strengthen expertise within health and social services as well as social welfare and healthcare, as well as a need for a shared understanding of the significance of the operations in terms of overall well-being. These observations were taken into account in the further measures proposed by the expert group appointed to support the implementation of the key project.
Government key project “Access to art and culture will be facilitated”, implementation project “Children’s culture and basic art education”
The first phase of the key project (2016-2017) was evaluated by the Niilo Maki Institute. Concluded in 2018, the evaluation considered the performance of the project in terms of the overall reach and performance of the projects financed, the rate of success experienced by the parties involved and the improvement in access to arts and culture.
In terms of the overall performance of projects funded by the Ministry, the evaluation concluded that in successful projects, club instructors had both good pedagogical and group management skills, support from the work and school communities, good cooperation skills and, obviously, shared an enthusiasm for doing artistic or cultural work with children. If pupils' wishes had been taken into account in the schools, the school had a culture-friendly attitude, the school's facilities and tools could be used for project work and information about the extracurricular groups for pupils was effective, the project turned out to be successful.
The national Pupil survey revealed that most pupils were interested in many forms of art and culture. The results presented a challenge to the municipalities in Finland to improve pupils' access to art and culture for which there was a clear demand. In successful projects, the support of local authorities played a major role, as it was crucial that the local authorities had a positive attitude to improving the accessibility of art and cultural activities.
Challenges and Achievements