On 11 February 2020, the questionnaire and CSO-form together with the 2005 Convention, a presentation of the Convention and a note presenting the themes of the QPR-report were forwarded by email to around 40 stakeholders. Contributors were given a deadline of 16 March 2020. The consultation was equally put on a general consultation website in order to reach a larger group of potential stakeholders. In addition, the Ministry of Culture organised separate meetings with selected Ministries and took part in a consultation meeting on 4 March 2020 organised by the Danish National Commission for UNESCO with around 20 participants. At the meeting, the 2005 Convention was discussed and a number of relevant projects were presented by participating civil society organisations.
As mentioned in previous QPR's, the implementation of the 2005 Convention forms a natural part of Danish cultural policy. The principles of the Convention are reflected in the development of new policies and initiatives in the area of arts and culture.
The legislation and institutional infrastructure in the field of culture and the general objectives of Danish cultural policy are based on the principle of freedom of expression aimed at offering and encouraging everyone living in or visiting Denmark to take active part in cultural life in its broadest sense. In addition, it should be equally recalled that a great part of the framework legislation in the cultural field continues to be based on the "arms-length-principle" which implies, inter alia, decentralisation and independent boards and committees of experts. As has been mentioned before, the Ministry of Culture acts as an architect, providing the framework for an overall cultural policy and - in cooperation with the Parliament - sets the objectives, financial frameworks, subsidy arrangements, and the organisational structures that constitute the basis of Danish cultural policy. It should be noted, that local government also plays a major part in providing financial support to mainly local cultural activities. In addition, private foundations contribute to the financing of public cultural activities and infrastructure. With such framework of legislation and financing it has been possible to support a diversity of cultural and artistic content and activities in line with the objectives and principles of the Convention.
Cultural policy in Denmark is based on the principle of equal access for all citizens throughout the country and the principle that all submitted projects are assessed according to the same criteria with quality as the main basic criterion. In addition to the general measures, initiatives exist targeted special groups (e.g. children and young people, minority groups) facilitating access to - and participation in - cultural activities and promoting cultural diversity. One example is the ballet performance UROPA at the Royal Theatre from 2016 involving asylum seekers who together with professional ballet dancers told their personal stories through music and dance. The promotion of cultural diversity is equally reflected in the Danish public service broadcaster DR's obligation to offer a broad coverage of Danish society as well as of the societies of Greenland and the Faroe Islands, and to present the diversity of cultures, philosophies of life and living conditions in different parts of Denmark.
Through the "International Cultural Panel" which is a cooperation body between Ministries and main institutions, organisations and agencies within international cultural exchange, concrete bilateral cooperation projects with partners from other countries have been developed and carried out. Such projects were conceived on the basis of principles such as equality, mutual interest and benefit for the parties involved, bottom-up approaches and artist-to-artist direct cooperation. Each project had a long-term perspective with a view to promoting sustainable contacts and partnerships. Following its strategy for 2017-2020, the International Cultural Panel has been focusing on cooperation projects with neighbouring countries in Europe, the United States and Asia. These geographical areas were selected, inter alia, on the basis of interests of the artists and the mutual interest of the parties involved of conducting and promoting intercultural dialogue. The thematic focus of the strategy has been on cultural exchange that addresses values and societal topics associated with Denmark, i.e. gender equality, children and young people's active participation in creativity, bottom-up decision making and sexual liberation. Another illustrative example is that, throughout 2017 in the context of the Nordic Council of Ministers, Denmark together with other Nordic Countries and UK partners organised a Nordic initiative in London, entitled "Nordic Matters". One of the aims was to raise awareness of the rich diversity of cultures within the Nordic Region which is normally regarded as a culturally very homogeneous area. Preparations have already begun for the next Nordic initiatve to be held in Canada where one of the main themes will be on indigenous people. Equally, through its participation in cultural cooperation of the EU, Denmark has been cooperating with other Member States and the European Commission in order to implement the objectives and principles of 2005 Convention. For example through the Creative Europe programme, the Audiovisual Media Services Directive, the Work Plan for Culture and the promotion of international cultural relations with a view to strengthening cooperation and exchanges beyond the EU.
In summary, the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions serves as a guiding principle for
Danish cultural policy both at a national and international level based on the principles of institutional legitimacy and transparency and the promotion of equal rights.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark
Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs
Ministry of Immigration and Integration
Ministry of Children and Education
Ministry of Higher Education and Science
Ministry of Employment
The Agency for Culture and Palaces
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
The Danish National Commission for UNESCO
The Danish Film Institute
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
The Danish Institute for Human Rights
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Danish Cultural Institute
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Mr Ole Reitov, Member of EU/UNESCO Expert Facility on the Governance of Culture for the implementation of the 2005 Convention
Goal 1 - Support Sustainable Systems of Governance for Culture
Cultural and Creative Sectors
|USD (millions)||Share of all sectors (%)|
|Total GDP in all sectors||273.987||100,0|
|Total GDP in cultural and creative sector||8.202||3,0|
|580020 Publishing of computer games and other software||1.251||0,5|
|590000 Motion picture and television programme production, and sound recording activities||1.299||0,5|
|600000 Radio and television broadcasting||560||0,2|
|900000 Theatres, concerts, and arts activities||1.431||0,5|
|910000 Libraries, museums and other cultural activities||1.023||0,4|
|920000 Gambling and betting activities||433||0,2|
|930010 Sports activities||831||0,3|
|930020 Amusement and recreation activities||376||0,1|
|Source: Statistics Denmark. Statistikbanken.dk. Table NABP117|
|Employed persons||Share of all sectors (%)|
|Total employment in all sectors||2.848.333||100,0|
|Total employment in cultural and creative sector||93.426||3,3|
|580020 Publishing of computer games and other software||5.477||0,2|
|590000 Motion picture and television programme production, and sound recording activities||9.253||0,3|
|600000 Radio and television broadcasting||7.053||0,2|
|900000 Theatres, concerts, and arts activities||11.085||0,4|
|910000 Libraries, museums and other cultural activities||14.711||0,5|
|920000 Gambling and betting activities||1.578||0,1|
|930010 Sports activities||25.392||0,9|
|930020 Amusement and recreation activities||3.953||0,1|
|Source: Statistics Denmark. Statistikbanken.dk. Table RAS300|
|USD (millions)||Share of total public budget for culture (%)|
|All cultural domains||3.595||100|
|Sports and recreation||724||20|
|Cultural and natural heritage||292||8|
|Media, library and literature||1.350||38|
|Performing art and music||467||13|
|Visual arts and design||84||2|
|Other cultural activities||678||19|
|Source: Statistics Denmark. Statistikbanken.dk. Table BEVIL01|
Plan of Growth for the Creative and Cultural Sectors
The plan has a total budget of 9.5 million USD for the years 2019-2022.
Mediepolitisk aftale for 2015-2018 (Political Agreement on Media 2015-2018)
667 mio. USD per year.
Share with Care
In 2018, a total amount of 455.000 USD was allocated to further developing the initative, inter alia through concrete projects targeted for example children and young people.
Although the initiative shows positive results from guiding users from illegal websites to legal services there are still challenges and great potential in continuing activities of raising awareness of how to gain access to legal content on the internet.
Partnering with Civil Society
Aarhus 2017 European Capital of Culture
64,9 million USD.
The initiative was assessed as being af record breaking year in terms of attendees at cultural events, tourism and employment reaching and surpassing most Key Performance Indicators. Involved in the programme were both established institutions and the up-and-coming artists and cultural operators. Culture was used to enhance social cohesion by encouraging community engagement and involving thousands of citizens in an inclusive volunteer programme. More than half of the programme was free of charge making culture accessible to new audiences. A substantial increase in tourists to Aarhus and the region was found creating new jobs and driving growth for businesses. The overall conclusion is that the initiative leaves a legacy of exploring the potential of using culture as a catalyst for change and pointing towards continued positive outcomes in the years ahead.
Goal 2 - Achieve a Balanced Flow of Cultural Goods and Services and Increase the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals
International visitors programme and network activities
Approx. 100,000 USD.
Flow of Cultural Goods and Services
Treaties and agreements
Agreement between Denmark and France on film co-production from 2019
No specific financial resources allocated.
Goal 3 - Integrate Culture in Sustainable Development Frameworks
National Sustainable Development Policies & Plans
|Cultural participation (%)||81||80||75||72||73||76||62|
|Family income level|
|Bottom||Low end||Middle||High end||Top|
|Cultural participation (%)||77||69||73||83||88|
|Educational attainment level|
|Cultural participation (%)||63||73||87||91|
|Cultural participation (%)||70||79|
|Note 1: Questions relate to cultural participation within the last 3 months.|
|Note 2: Cultural activities cover: museums, libraries, performing arts, cinemas, concerts.|
|Source: Statistics Denmark. Adults cultural habits survey.|
Regionale Kunstfonde (Regional Art Funds)
869,000 USD per year and with local co-financing total funding reaches 1,750,000 USD per year.
Kultur i udsatte boligområder (Culture in vulnerable residential areas)
758,000 USD per year.
International Cooperation for Sustainable Development
Goal 4 - Promote Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
|Sector of employment||% women||% women|
|Total employment in all sectors||47||29|
|Total employment in cultural and creative sector||47||34|
|Source: Statistics Denmark. Statistikbanken.dk. Table RAS300.|
|Share (%)||Number of awards|
|Source: Danish Film Institute|
Initiative of better gender balance within Danish Film
Friby (City of Refuge)