Estonia 2016 report

Policies and Measures
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Initiating thematic years National financial, institutional
Continuing the implementation of measures to value cultural diversity Regional, National regulatory, financial, institutional
Measures and activities based on Culture 2020 and Action Programme of the Government of Estonia National regulatory, financial, institutional
Continuing the functions of Cultural Endowment of Estonia Regional, National financial
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Bilateral cultural co-operation agreements and programmes International financial, institutional
PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
The Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2011-2015 International financial
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Sustainable Estonia 21 National regulatory, institutional
Development of Creative Industries National regulatory, financial
EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Emphasising the importance of digitalization National regulatory, financial
YOUTH
Name of the measure Scope of the measure Nature
Activities targeting children and youth under different initiatives and measures National, International financial, institutional
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Measures and activities based on Culture 2020 and Action Programme of the Government of Estonia

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The national cultural policy Culture 2020 is based on constitutional aim of ensuring the preservation of the Estonian nation, language and culture. This objective is viewed as the harmony between the preservation and continuation of culture on the one hand and the innovativeness and openness of culture on the other hand. Culture 2020 is the basis for the state's decisions in the field of culture up to 2020. In this document, Estonian culture is defined as both the creation of Estonians as well as creation of all other nationalities living in Estonia. All members of society take part in the process of culture either as creators or as persons interacting with the results of the creation. Estonian culture along with its unique regional cultural spaces is a part of world culture. Culture 2020 is closely interlinked with several other national policy areas including educational, economic, social, environmental, employment, integration, regional, tourism and foreign policy.

The objective of the cultural policy is to form a society that values creativity by maintaining and improving the national identity of Estonia, researching, storing and transferring cultural memory and creating favourable conditions for the development of a vital, open and versatile cultural space and for participating in culture.

Implementation of Culture 2020 is based on  Development Plan of the Ministry of Culture, annual work plans of the Ministry of Culture, and coalition agreement and Action Programme of the Government of Estonia.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Each measure based on Culture 2020 and described in Action Programme of the Government focuses on specific field and/or topic. The Action Programme of the Government of the Republic 2011-2015 set seven priority areas for 2015, covering 55 objectives in 18 different fields of policy. Among other priorities following guidelines were stated:

The cultural policy of the government coalition aims to ensure the preservation of the Estonian nation, language and culture through the ages. To this end, we will pursue a cultural policy that provides a free and creative environment for both creators and consumers of culture and thereby contributes to the preservation of the nation and the state. Maintaining the existing effective framework for culture, preservation of traditions and heritage, a new and broader view of the future, and working with young people will be the priorities of the cultural policy in the coming years. Globalisation puts pressure on all national cultures; the mission of Estonian culture is to balance mass international culture with outstanding Estonian culture.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

In order to improve access to culture, the development of the film sector was fostered, availability of professional arts (cinema, theatre, visual arts etc.) in small towns and communities was enhanced, online availability of cultural magazines was improved, etc.

For treatment of creative industries as part of Estonia’s new economy, measures were taken to help bring together creative people and businesses, contribute to the creation of curricula combining economic and artistic disciplines, help support creative complexes and train culture managers. Also the development of an environment favourable for creative industries, incl. investments in creative complexes was supported.

The programme has been updated annually: once initial goals have been met, follow-up actions required to fulfil the coalition’s objectives have been added to the programme.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Financial resources are allocated in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Regional
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

As there is no unique evaluation system or process for evaluationg the impact of the implementation of Action Programme of the Government, the main conclusions are related to the scope of the activities implemented and whether the initial goals are achieved or not.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Actions completed

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Continuing the functions of Cultural Endowment of Estonia

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

In the Action Programme of the Government of the Republic 2011-2015 it is stated that the basic principles of the Estonian Cultural Endowment will remain unchanged. Subject to budgetary capacity support for professional creative activities will be increased.

Cultural Endowment of Estonia is a legal person in public law the objective of the activities of which is to support the arts, folk culture, physical fitness and sport and the construction and renovation of cultural buildings by the accumulation of funds and distribution thereof for specific purposes. The functions of the Cultural Endowment are to:

  • support projects which promote, introduce and popularise the arts and sport, artistic associations, research related to culture and sport, and to further the development of the arts, folk culture, physical fitness and sport;
  • support outstanding figures in the arts and sport, and their families upon their death;
  • support talented persons with development potential in various areas of culture and sport and to facilitate their individual development;
  • support the commemoration of deceased figures in the arts and sport;
  • support the construction and renovation of cultural buildings which are of national importance
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Cultural Endowment of Estonia is providing financial support for cultural activities and for establishing and renovating cultural facilities. There are eight sub-endowments (literature, music, visual and applied arts, architecture, performing arts, audiovisual arts, folk culture, sport) and fifteen county expert groups in the structure of the organisation. Open calls for applications take place four times a year which allows to support different initiatives in a quick and flexible way. Regional expert groups provide regional expertise and input for making the financing decisions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Distributing the financial resources available for the foundation allows to fulfil the mission and objectives of the Cultural Endowement of Estonia.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Cultural Endowment of Estonia
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The budget or income of the Cultural Endowment of Estonia is comprised of:

  • 3,5% of alchohol and tobacco excise received to the state budget
  • 46% of gambling tax received to the state budget (of which 63% is allocated for cultural buildings and 37% is distributed as scolarships and grants and operating costs)
  • donations and heritages
  • income from investments made by the foundation
  • other income from economic activities
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Increase in number of applications received by the Cultural Endowement of Estonia indicates the viability of Estonian cultural field and recognition of foundation's role in supporting the culture. The reason might be that other resources and measures available for supporting the culture have not increased sufficiently or have diminished. Financial decisions are more focused, total costs or budgets of the projects have increased. 

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of applications, amount of support per project.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Initiating thematic years

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

One of the measures for introducing various cultural landscapes in order to value cultural richness and access to culture is to organise thematic years. This is a sector leaded initiative with an aim to place one field of culture under the spotlight and use that focus throughout one calendar year. The role of Estonian Ministry of Culture is to announce thematic years, find leading partner for the activities and provide financial resources to implement the initiatives. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Estonian Ministry of Culture has announced thematic years since 2000, the first thematic year was the Year of Estonian Books. 2005 was the Year of Art with the aim to draw the society's attention to the role and possibilities of art in Estonia. In 2006 Estonia celebrated 100 years of professional theatre and thus the idea was to extend the event and introduce local drama in a long-term programme. Using the same model 2007 was introduced as a Year of Design, 2008 as a Year of Architecture, 2009 as a Year of Museums and 2010 as a Year of Reading. In 2011 Tallinn was together with Turku the European Cultural Capital. In 2012 Estonia celebrated the 100 years of film-making, so 2012 was nominated as a Year of Film. As the concept of the thematic years became well accepted and popular there were number of ideas in the waiting list for the period 2013-2016. 2013 became a Year of Cultural Heritage (http://www.parandiaasta.ee/), 2014 a Year of Sports (http://www.liigume.ee/) and 2015 a Year of Music (https://www.facebook.com/muusika2015/). 2016 was announced as a Year of Maritime Culture (http://merekultuur.ee/?lang=en) and 2017 will be a Year of Children's and Youth Culture.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Launcing thematic years allows different cultural sectors to come up with different and innovative initiativies in order to promote their field of culture througout one year. Throug close co-operation with other sectors and institutions thematic years help to illustrate the horizontal and crosscutting nature of culture.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture together with different partners nominated for each thematic year
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Approximately 200 000 euros is allocated for each thematic year in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture. Additional financial resorces are made available by giving a special focus to the projects' applications submitted under different measures. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Continuing the implementation of measures to value cultural diversity

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Estonia with the population of less than 1,4 million is a multicultural country with 192 different nationalities (69% of the population are Estonians) and a strong cultural identity. The cultural diversity springs from a wealth of diverse regions, languages and cultural heritage – diverse cultural expressions and mores. The Estonian Ministry of Culture and Estonian Ministry of Education and Science seek to secure equal opportunities for language and cultural minorities and special-needs groups to participate in culture and express their creativity. The task of the Estonian Ministry of Culture is to ensure integration process within Estonian society between Estonians and the representatives of national minorities, and support the cultural life and societies of the Estonian minorities to preserve their cultures and languages in Estonia. Therefore in the context of cultural diversity one of the activity areas of the Ministry of Culture is integration and another relevant priority area deals with folk culture.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

In 2008-2013 the Estonian Ministry of Culture co-ordinated the activities of the “Estonian Integration Strategy for 2008-2013” as well as was the implementing body of the programme “European Fund for the Integration of Third-country Nationals for the Years 2007–2013”. Today, the ministry is in charge of the coordination of the strategy of integration and social cohesion in Estonia  “Integrating Estonia 2020” (https://wwwkul.rik.ee/sites/kulminn/files/23748_en_proofreading_le2020_eng.pdf) and the integration measures of the European Social Fund for the period of 2014–2020. The Ministry of Culture is the representative of the state that exercises the founder’s rights of the Integration and Migration Foundation Our People (MISA).

In addition there are several state programmes that support regional activities to promote and protect cultural diversity in various areas of Estonia. The period of the programmes is usually four years and they are updated on regular basis. The task is to ensure that our intangible cultural heritage is valued, preserved and developed, and to maintain the long tradition of song and dance festivals. Popularity of folk culture guarantees the survival of ancient customs also in modern times.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The purpose of integration is to foster a situation where other nationalities living in Estonia, as well as Estonians themselves, are ensured a cohesive and tolerant society where everyone can feel comfortable and safe – to work, study, develop their culture, be a full member of the society. Integration is a broad-based societal process involving many different areas of life.

Through culture programmes the state helps with the preservation and continuation of cultural heritage and with community efforts in the field. Cultural space programmes are regionally significant as they generally support communities on the periphery, where the heritage culture has been preserved better.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Integration and Migration Foundation Our People (MISA)
Foundation Innove
Estonian ministry of Culture, other ministries, local municipalities
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

For the integration measures there are 10 million euros allocated from the European Social Fund for the period 2014–2020.

For regional support programmes each year approximately 550 000 euros is allocated in the budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Regional
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Since 2008 Estonian Ministry of Culture is monitoring regularly the integration of the society by in-depth surveys carried out after 3-4 years. Last survey was conducted in 2015 and all the reports are available at the website http://www.kul.ee/et/uudised/uuringud#l6imumisuuring

From regional support programmes currently there are more than 200 NGOs that benefit from the programme. These organisations carry out different projects e.g. folk culture festivals, educational activities, seminars, work-shops and many other events related to popularise their ethnical roots. To make these initiatives more visible and spread best practices there is a website http://etnoweb.ee/en/

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Increase in number of citizens from other nationalities, social and political participation, reliability and attitudes towards the state, Estonia's identity, level of language skills, contacts, education, work, media.

❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Bilateral cultural co-operation agreements and programmes

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Estonia has bilateral cultural cooperation agreements and joint programmes with more than 50 countries from all over the world. More than half of these have been concluded with non-EU countries. In regard to bilateral co-operation with developing countries (see also point Preferential Treatment), three of the Estonian priority partner countries in development co-operation are involved in these activities as well: Georgia (cultural agreement is ratified 12.10.2004), Moldova (cultural agreement is ratified 03.04.1996 / 19.10.2011), Ukraine (cultural agreement is ratified 01.04.1996). Cultural agreements are also ratified with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, India and Indonesia.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Development of co-operation in the field of culture by supporting (financially as well as the exchange of know-how) bilateral co-operation between cultural institutions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Creation of a favourable environment for international co-operation, including exchange of know-how and activated cultural exchange. On a wider scale, enhancement of mutual understanding and friendship between the countries.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Certain amount of money is allocated in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture each year.

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Type of Involvement: 

Different NGOs and private or state co-operation partners in the status of legal person can apply for the support and within the frames of active bilateral co-operation agreements and programmes.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Usually, bilateral agreement shall remain in force for a certain period of time and thereafter shall be automatically renewed for successive period of equal duration, unless either of the Parties should express its opposition thereto, which must be notified in writing through diplomatic channels.

In addition to a bilateral agreement,  Parties may agree upon and in accordance with the agreement a separate cultural co-operation programme for a certain time period. Such programmes can be prolonged by means of exchange of corresponding notes sent through diplomatic channels, unless either of the Parties should express its opposition.

Before prolonging the programme for the next period, both Parties evaluate the projects carried out within the previous period as well as the necessity to continue with the programme. So far, the general conclusion has been to continue with the agreements and programmes which have been active, effective and/or have been signed with our priority countries in international as well as developing co-operation.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The quantity and quality of the projects, visits and exchange of experts.

❭ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

The Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2011-2015

Context of the measure: 
PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2011-2015 created a strategic platform for our development cooperation. The priority partner countries for Estonia were: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine and Belarus.

The main focus is on education, health, good governance etc. Supporting culture is rather a subsection of world education and supporting traditional handicraft is part of supporting microenterprises.

http://www.vm.ee/en/taxonomy/term/55

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Support for developing countries.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Support for developing countries, world education and awareness raising.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

A very small percentage of our ODA money goes for projects that are in some way connected with cultural activities as that is not a focus area.

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Mondo
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Carries out the projects in target countries.

Name: 
Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation is an international non-profit institute participating in public involvement related projects in target counties.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Local
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Based on the information received from local reports the impact has been small but relevant to the target groups.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of people targeted.

❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

Development of Creative Industries

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Development of creative industries became a part of the "Estonian Entrepreneurship Growth Strategy 2014-2020" under the section of competitive position. It is stated in the strategy that:

Taking into account the potential of this sector the number of companies operating in the field of creative industries is small among the start-up companies – too many good ideas never find their way to business. The existing companies are usually either micro or small companies who are unable to grow and have not much initiative to do so. The sector lacks opportunities for product development and creating innovative solutions. The domestic market is small and the weak export capacity does not allow entering and staying in foreign markets. Entrepreneurs who do not belong to creative circles do not know much about the possibilities of creative industries and often the added value that could be created in co-operation is overlooked. Due to its innovative approach creative industries have a great potential to create added value for the rest of the economy. Therefore, it is important to facilitate the development of creative industries and to connect it with the rest of the economy. The development of creative industries is based on three pillars: raising awareness and offering training, support for start-ups and their incubation period, support for sectoral development and exports. The companies that need a range of services and a special environment for comprehensive development have the chance to operate in creative incubators. The physical environment of the incubators and their technological basis will be improved and renewed. Competitive companies are provided with sectoral services in order to help them to carry out their product development and marketing and enter foreign markets. We will take special measures to increase exports, use all the potential of creative industries to operate successfully on foreign markets and to develop companies that are able to grow.

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Based on the Estonian Entrepreneurship Growth Strategy 2014-2020 and previous experience of implementing measures for the development of cultural and creative industries (CCI), the Creative Industries Development measure was designed focusing on following aspects:

  • supporting incubators, business accelerators and CCI development centres;
  • increasing the export capacity of CCI enterprises;
  • initiating joint development projects between CCI and other sectors’ enterprises;
  • developing the CCI infrastructure and technological capacity;
  • increasing awareness about creative economy and developing knowledge and skills.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

As a result the CCI enterprises shall have increased income generated from different markets, other sectors involve CCI in order to increase their value added, CCI contributes more to the development of regions (employment, tourism, foreign investments) and there shall be bigger tax contribution generated by CCI.

Previous measure implemented during 2009-2014 focused on awareness rising about CCI and for development of CCI support structures.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture
Enterprise Estonia
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Total budget allocated for the period 2014-2020 is 20 million Euros and the measure is financed from the European Regional Development Fund.

Total budget of CCI development measures implemented during 2009-2014 was 8,1 million Euros and measures were financed from European Social Fund and European Regional Development Fund.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Implementation of current and previous measures for supporting the development of CCI have been constantly monitored in order to make relevant adaptions for achieving the results and impact of the measures. Studies carried out before drafting the first measure for CCI indicated that there was a low awareness about creative economy, poor co-operation within cultural and creative sectors and lack of appropriate support structures for developing CCI.

Before drafting CCI measures for the period 2014-2020 following aspects were highlighted: CCI entreprises have low export capacity, there is a poor co-operation between CCI and other sectors and the services of CCI support structures must become more competitive and sustainable.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Indicator for the measure implemented during 2009-2014: number of CCI enterprices as final beneficiaries who used the facilities and services of CCI support structures.

Indicators for the measure implemented during 2014-2020: number of exporting companies in CCI, value added per employee in CCI entreprises, income per entreprise and per employee in CCI compared to the average in Estonia.

❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

Sustainable Estonia 21

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Sustainable Estonia (SE21) is a strategy for developing the Estonian state and society until the year 2030 with the aim of integrating the success requirements arising from global competition with the principles of sustainable development and preservation of the traditional values of Estonia. The main task of the strategy is to answer the question of what should be done to ensure successful functioning of the Estonian society and state also in the longer term. SE21 is designed as a feedback-based and periodically self-correcting societal process, in a way a mechanism of self-management of the society. The core of SE21 consists of (commonly valued) development goals, which are expected to be realised with contribution from a broad range of actors and with funds from a variety of sources.

Among four main goals stated in the strategy viability of the Estonian cultural space is the first goal. The Estonian cultural space is defined as an arrangement of social life based on Estonian traditions and the Estonian language.

SE21: https://riigikantselei.ee/sites/default/files/content-editors/Failid/estonia_sds_2005.pdf

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Estonia has considerable experience in advancing sustainable development. The Sustainable Development Act was adopted by Parliament already in 1995. In 2005, the Parliament adopted the Estonian Sustainable Development Strategy „Sustainable Estonia 21“, which states 4 main goals for sustainable development in Estonia. Number one of them is the viability of Estonian cultural space. The Estonian national sustainable development strategy is implemented by governments’ sectoral and thematic strategies and action plans. The national sustainable development strategy is one of the main horizontal strategies that has to be taken into account when designing governments’ strategic development plans. In 2016 Estonia was among the first countries that submitted a national voluntary review on implementation of the 2030 Agenda to the UN. 

 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Sustainability of cultural space is assessed using the following three criteria (sub-goals) along with their indicators:

  1. Extent of the Estonian cultural space.
  2. Functionality of the Estonian culture.
  3. Temporal continuity and plasticity of the Estonian culture.

Key mechanisms for achieving the goal are education, reflexivity, communication and innovation.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Different ministries and agencies as SE21 is implemented through governments’ sectoral and thematic strategies and action plans.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Financial resources are allocated through different ministries according to their yearly work plans for implementing their strategies and long-term action plans. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

First evaluation regarding the implementation of SE21 was carried out in 2008 in order to define topics that are important for sustainable development. As a result the list on sustainable development indicators has been constantly improved and currently there are 69 indicators used. Understanding the problems, statistics and trends remains in the circle of experts and is not widely spread. In order to have a dialogue with the society it is important that information and knowledge about bottlenecks and key aspects of sustainable development are delivered to the society and policy makers.  

Based on the survey carried out in 2010-2011 Statistics Estonia recommended to map and analyse the relevance and quality of sustainable development indicators used in Estonia.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Relevant information is available at the Statistics Estonia website http://www.stat.ee/sustainable-development

 

❭ EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b

Emphasising the importance of digitalization

Context of the measure: 
EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Modern technologies create the opportunity to multiply different ways how to preserve the cultural heritage and legacy for the future generations. Estonia has developed several digital platforms to meet these possibilities and integrate the modern IT solutions with the cultural services and databases. For instance, there is a special IT tool “MUIS” (http://www.muis.ee/en_GB/) created for museums to digitalize the collections and also make these resources more easily accessible. There are similar developments in action also in the field of cultural heritage and libraries (including the interfacing models to link with worldwide databases, e.g. services provided by Europeana).

The period 2013-2015 was covered by the National Strategy for Digital Cultural Heritage 2011-2016. The main aims of this strategy were:

  • ensuring that digitization becomes a routine, daily activity in memory institutions,
  • improving the nationwide co-ordination of digitization and preservation of digital cultural heritage,
  • developing a shared framework of services based on digital cultural heritage.

New operational programme for the national digitization strategy of cultural heritage has been prepared for the period of 2016-2020. A national funding programme will be opened in 2017 using the EU structural funds. Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications will announce the first call for proposals which will have to be based on the operational programme developed by the Estonian Ministry of Culture.

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Museums Act (2013) stipulates a deadline for state museums to digitize all their collections by 2018. However, several museums have already applied to prolong this deadline. Individual domains – libraries, archives and museums – are collaborating for defining their own digitization strategies that set targets for the 2-3 year horizon. For archives, standards for formats were established in the Archive Act (2011) and these were implemented during the 2013-2015 period.

The Estonian Ministry of Culture together with the Conservation and Digitisation Centre Kanut developed digitization guidelines for museums in 2015. Implementation of these guidelines has started as best practice. Libraries have agreed on digitization standards for most types of publications and the National Digital Archive DIGAR at the National Library has developed its own guidelines for digitization.

In Estonia digitization has concentrated into larger memory institutions, therefore the number of organisations the Estonian Ministry of Culture works with has narrowed down. This facilitates co-ordination of reporting activities. There are five digitization competence centres for different types of heritage. National Library is the competence centre for printed heritage, National Archives for archival material, photography and video material, the Conservation and Digitisation Centre Kanut is a centre for artefacts, art and photography, Estonian Literary Museum for manuscripts. Collaborative projects between centres do exist. No cross-border initiatives have occurred thus far.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

There is a general target to digitalize Estonian cultural heritage by 2018 in order to make it more easily accessible and reusable. Estonian Ministry of Culture has conducted regular surveys (2010, 2012, 2013) on the progress with digitization and for preparing the operational programme of heritage digitization (2014). The survey covered all memory institutions regardless of their ministerial subordination. Estonian Ministry of Culture encouraged memory institutions to fill in the ENUMERATE surveys and the ministry is highly interested in continuing its participation in the ENUMERATE and other surveys on the European level.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Estonian Ministry of Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Initial resources from EU structural funds to be allocated for digitalization of cultural heritage during the period 2014-2020 was 10 million euros. Currently the operational programme will be made for 6 million euros of which 3 millions will come from EU structural funds.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ YOUTH

Activities targeting children and youth under different initiatives and measures

Context of the measure: 
YOUTH
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Working with youth was highlighted in the Action Programme of the Government of Estonia for the period 2011-2015 as one of the priorities of cultural policy.

There were and are several initiatives that are empowering young people and promoting their participation in cultural activities. For example, Estonia has a tradition of Youth Song and Dance Festival taking place every fifth year. The last festival took place in 2011 as this was the year when Tallinn was European Cultural Capital. Total of 251 choirs participated. The next Youth Song and Dance Festival will take place in Tallinn from 30th of June till 2nd of July in 2017 (http://2017.laulupidu.ee/en/).

As mentioned earlier in this report in the chapter "Policies and Measures" under the section of "Cultural Policies", Estonia launches thematic years. The year 2017 will be dedicated to children and youth with a programme of variety of events. For example, the Estonian Children’s Literature Centre plans a literature project that includes a literature van travelling through different regions of Estonia in 2017. Programme includes introduction of newest children books, workshops, performances etc.

There is a contemporary art triennial for school students Eksperimenta! (http://www.eksperimenta.net/).

Under the initiative called "Architecture School" architects organize different workshops for school children of age 7-18 (http://www.arhitektuurikool.ee/).

Project for schools in the field of heritage protection include activities for children and youth of age 7-19 with the aim to raise their awareness in local heritage. The project was developed on the basis of a Norwegian project „Improve a heritage site” which also got a Europa Nostra award in 2012. In 2015, altogether 16 schools and 662 school students participated in the project managing to work on 26 heritage sites all over Estonia (http://ouesope.ee/parandivaderid/).

In the second half of 2015 Estonian Ministry of Culture started to elaborate the concept of the relief system for youth recreational activity.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features of different initiatives are described under the section b. "Key objectives of the measures". For more information, please visit the websites also indicated in this section.

In addition, Estonia is also implementing the EU Education, Youth and Sports Programme Erasmus+ during the period 2014-2020. One of the aims is to facilitate international language learning and raise intercultural awareness.

In cooperation with partners and stakeholder organisations Estonian Ministry of Culture has specified the terms of reference of the concept of the relief system for youth recreational activity. The schedule for developing the concept and the circle of those involved was prepared, greater bottlenecks requiring intervention were ascertained, the purpose of implementing additional support by the state was specified and possible support mechanisms were developed. In February 2016 the concept was presented to the cabinet meeting together with a memorandum, which contained a short summary of the terms of reference, more important circumstances and justifications and proposals to the cabinet for decisions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To empower children and young people to participate in cultural activities as creators or participants in order to ensure the sustainability and diversity of Estonian culture.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Different ministries, institutions and NGOs in Estonia.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Certain amount of money is allocated in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture or other responsible ministries according to the scope of the activities or initiatives.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Name of the designated official signing the report
Title:
Mr
Family Name:
Sein
First Name:
Hillar
Position:
Undersecretary for Arts
Organization:
Estonian Ministry of Culture
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Measures and activities based on Culture 2020 and Action Programme of the Government of Estonia

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The national cultural policy Culture 2020 is based on constitutional aim of ensuring the preservation of the Estonian nation, language and culture. This objective is viewed as the harmony between the preservation and continuation of culture on the one hand and the innovativeness and openness of culture on the other hand. Culture 2020 is the basis for the state's decisions in the field of culture up to 2020. In this document, Estonian culture is defined as both the creation of Estonians as well as creation of all other nationalities living in Estonia. All members of society take part in the process of culture either as creators or as persons interacting with the results of the creation. Estonian culture along with its unique regional cultural spaces is a part of world culture. Culture 2020 is closely interlinked with several other national policy areas including educational, economic, social, environmental, employment, integration, regional, tourism and foreign policy.

The objective of the cultural policy is to form a society that values creativity by maintaining and improving the national identity of Estonia, researching, storing and transferring cultural memory and creating favourable conditions for the development of a vital, open and versatile cultural space and for participating in culture.

Implementation of Culture 2020 is based on  Development Plan of the Ministry of Culture, annual work plans of the Ministry of Culture, and coalition agreement and Action Programme of the Government of Estonia.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Each measure based on Culture 2020 and described in Action Programme of the Government focuses on specific field and/or topic. The Action Programme of the Government of the Republic 2011-2015 set seven priority areas for 2015, covering 55 objectives in 18 different fields of policy. Among other priorities following guidelines were stated:

The cultural policy of the government coalition aims to ensure the preservation of the Estonian nation, language and culture through the ages. To this end, we will pursue a cultural policy that provides a free and creative environment for both creators and consumers of culture and thereby contributes to the preservation of the nation and the state. Maintaining the existing effective framework for culture, preservation of traditions and heritage, a new and broader view of the future, and working with young people will be the priorities of the cultural policy in the coming years. Globalisation puts pressure on all national cultures; the mission of Estonian culture is to balance mass international culture with outstanding Estonian culture.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

In order to improve access to culture, the development of the film sector was fostered, availability of professional arts (cinema, theatre, visual arts etc.) in small towns and communities was enhanced, online availability of cultural magazines was improved, etc.

For treatment of creative industries as part of Estonia’s new economy, measures were taken to help bring together creative people and businesses, contribute to the creation of curricula combining economic and artistic disciplines, help support creative complexes and train culture managers. Also the development of an environment favourable for creative industries, incl. investments in creative complexes was supported.

The programme has been updated annually: once initial goals have been met, follow-up actions required to fulfil the coalition’s objectives have been added to the programme.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Financial resources are allocated in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Regional
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

As there is no unique evaluation system or process for evaluationg the impact of the implementation of Action Programme of the Government, the main conclusions are related to the scope of the activities implemented and whether the initial goals are achieved or not.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Actions completed

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Continuing the functions of Cultural Endowment of Estonia

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

In the Action Programme of the Government of the Republic 2011-2015 it is stated that the basic principles of the Estonian Cultural Endowment will remain unchanged. Subject to budgetary capacity support for professional creative activities will be increased.

Cultural Endowment of Estonia is a legal person in public law the objective of the activities of which is to support the arts, folk culture, physical fitness and sport and the construction and renovation of cultural buildings by the accumulation of funds and distribution thereof for specific purposes. The functions of the Cultural Endowment are to:

  • support projects which promote, introduce and popularise the arts and sport, artistic associations, research related to culture and sport, and to further the development of the arts, folk culture, physical fitness and sport;
  • support outstanding figures in the arts and sport, and their families upon their death;
  • support talented persons with development potential in various areas of culture and sport and to facilitate their individual development;
  • support the commemoration of deceased figures in the arts and sport;
  • support the construction and renovation of cultural buildings which are of national importance
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Cultural Endowment of Estonia is providing financial support for cultural activities and for establishing and renovating cultural facilities. There are eight sub-endowments (literature, music, visual and applied arts, architecture, performing arts, audiovisual arts, folk culture, sport) and fifteen county expert groups in the structure of the organisation. Open calls for applications take place four times a year which allows to support different initiatives in a quick and flexible way. Regional expert groups provide regional expertise and input for making the financing decisions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Distributing the financial resources available for the foundation allows to fulfil the mission and objectives of the Cultural Endowement of Estonia.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Cultural Endowment of Estonia
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The budget or income of the Cultural Endowment of Estonia is comprised of:

  • 3,5% of alchohol and tobacco excise received to the state budget
  • 46% of gambling tax received to the state budget (of which 63% is allocated for cultural buildings and 37% is distributed as scolarships and grants and operating costs)
  • donations and heritages
  • income from investments made by the foundation
  • other income from economic activities
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Increase in number of applications received by the Cultural Endowement of Estonia indicates the viability of Estonian cultural field and recognition of foundation's role in supporting the culture. The reason might be that other resources and measures available for supporting the culture have not increased sufficiently or have diminished. Financial decisions are more focused, total costs or budgets of the projects have increased. 

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of applications, amount of support per project.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Initiating thematic years

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

One of the measures for introducing various cultural landscapes in order to value cultural richness and access to culture is to organise thematic years. This is a sector leaded initiative with an aim to place one field of culture under the spotlight and use that focus throughout one calendar year. The role of Estonian Ministry of Culture is to announce thematic years, find leading partner for the activities and provide financial resources to implement the initiatives. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Estonian Ministry of Culture has announced thematic years since 2000, the first thematic year was the Year of Estonian Books. 2005 was the Year of Art with the aim to draw the society's attention to the role and possibilities of art in Estonia. In 2006 Estonia celebrated 100 years of professional theatre and thus the idea was to extend the event and introduce local drama in a long-term programme. Using the same model 2007 was introduced as a Year of Design, 2008 as a Year of Architecture, 2009 as a Year of Museums and 2010 as a Year of Reading. In 2011 Tallinn was together with Turku the European Cultural Capital. In 2012 Estonia celebrated the 100 years of film-making, so 2012 was nominated as a Year of Film. As the concept of the thematic years became well accepted and popular there were number of ideas in the waiting list for the period 2013-2016. 2013 became a Year of Cultural Heritage (http://www.parandiaasta.ee/), 2014 a Year of Sports (http://www.liigume.ee/) and 2015 a Year of Music (https://www.facebook.com/muusika2015/). 2016 was announced as a Year of Maritime Culture (http://merekultuur.ee/?lang=en) and 2017 will be a Year of Children's and Youth Culture.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Launcing thematic years allows different cultural sectors to come up with different and innovative initiativies in order to promote their field of culture througout one year. Throug close co-operation with other sectors and institutions thematic years help to illustrate the horizontal and crosscutting nature of culture.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture together with different partners nominated for each thematic year
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Approximately 200 000 euros is allocated for each thematic year in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture. Additional financial resorces are made available by giving a special focus to the projects' applications submitted under different measures. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Continuing the implementation of measures to value cultural diversity

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Estonia with the population of less than 1,4 million is a multicultural country with 192 different nationalities (69% of the population are Estonians) and a strong cultural identity. The cultural diversity springs from a wealth of diverse regions, languages and cultural heritage – diverse cultural expressions and mores. The Estonian Ministry of Culture and Estonian Ministry of Education and Science seek to secure equal opportunities for language and cultural minorities and special-needs groups to participate in culture and express their creativity. The task of the Estonian Ministry of Culture is to ensure integration process within Estonian society between Estonians and the representatives of national minorities, and support the cultural life and societies of the Estonian minorities to preserve their cultures and languages in Estonia. Therefore in the context of cultural diversity one of the activity areas of the Ministry of Culture is integration and another relevant priority area deals with folk culture.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

In 2008-2013 the Estonian Ministry of Culture co-ordinated the activities of the “Estonian Integration Strategy for 2008-2013” as well as was the implementing body of the programme “European Fund for the Integration of Third-country Nationals for the Years 2007–2013”. Today, the ministry is in charge of the coordination of the strategy of integration and social cohesion in Estonia  “Integrating Estonia 2020” (https://wwwkul.rik.ee/sites/kulminn/files/23748_en_proofreading_le2020_eng.pdf) and the integration measures of the European Social Fund for the period of 2014–2020. The Ministry of Culture is the representative of the state that exercises the founder’s rights of the Integration and Migration Foundation Our People (MISA).

In addition there are several state programmes that support regional activities to promote and protect cultural diversity in various areas of Estonia. The period of the programmes is usually four years and they are updated on regular basis. The task is to ensure that our intangible cultural heritage is valued, preserved and developed, and to maintain the long tradition of song and dance festivals. Popularity of folk culture guarantees the survival of ancient customs also in modern times.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The purpose of integration is to foster a situation where other nationalities living in Estonia, as well as Estonians themselves, are ensured a cohesive and tolerant society where everyone can feel comfortable and safe – to work, study, develop their culture, be a full member of the society. Integration is a broad-based societal process involving many different areas of life.

Through culture programmes the state helps with the preservation and continuation of cultural heritage and with community efforts in the field. Cultural space programmes are regionally significant as they generally support communities on the periphery, where the heritage culture has been preserved better.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Integration and Migration Foundation Our People (MISA)
Foundation Innove
Estonian ministry of Culture, other ministries, local municipalities
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

For the integration measures there are 10 million euros allocated from the European Social Fund for the period 2014–2020.

For regional support programmes each year approximately 550 000 euros is allocated in the budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Regional
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Since 2008 Estonian Ministry of Culture is monitoring regularly the integration of the society by in-depth surveys carried out after 3-4 years. Last survey was conducted in 2015 and all the reports are available at the website http://www.kul.ee/et/uudised/uuringud#l6imumisuuring

From regional support programmes currently there are more than 200 NGOs that benefit from the programme. These organisations carry out different projects e.g. folk culture festivals, educational activities, seminars, work-shops and many other events related to popularise their ethnical roots. To make these initiatives more visible and spread best practices there is a website http://etnoweb.ee/en/

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Increase in number of citizens from other nationalities, social and political participation, reliability and attitudes towards the state, Estonia's identity, level of language skills, contacts, education, work, media.

❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Bilateral cultural co-operation agreements and programmes

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Estonia has bilateral cultural cooperation agreements and joint programmes with more than 50 countries from all over the world. More than half of these have been concluded with non-EU countries. In regard to bilateral co-operation with developing countries (see also point Preferential Treatment), three of the Estonian priority partner countries in development co-operation are involved in these activities as well: Georgia (cultural agreement is ratified 12.10.2004), Moldova (cultural agreement is ratified 03.04.1996 / 19.10.2011), Ukraine (cultural agreement is ratified 01.04.1996). Cultural agreements are also ratified with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, India and Indonesia.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Development of co-operation in the field of culture by supporting (financially as well as the exchange of know-how) bilateral co-operation between cultural institutions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Creation of a favourable environment for international co-operation, including exchange of know-how and activated cultural exchange. On a wider scale, enhancement of mutual understanding and friendship between the countries.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Certain amount of money is allocated in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture each year.

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Type of Involvement: 

Different NGOs and private or state co-operation partners in the status of legal person can apply for the support and within the frames of active bilateral co-operation agreements and programmes.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Usually, bilateral agreement shall remain in force for a certain period of time and thereafter shall be automatically renewed for successive period of equal duration, unless either of the Parties should express its opposition thereto, which must be notified in writing through diplomatic channels.

In addition to a bilateral agreement,  Parties may agree upon and in accordance with the agreement a separate cultural co-operation programme for a certain time period. Such programmes can be prolonged by means of exchange of corresponding notes sent through diplomatic channels, unless either of the Parties should express its opposition.

Before prolonging the programme for the next period, both Parties evaluate the projects carried out within the previous period as well as the necessity to continue with the programme. So far, the general conclusion has been to continue with the agreements and programmes which have been active, effective and/or have been signed with our priority countries in international as well as developing co-operation.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The quantity and quality of the projects, visits and exchange of experts.

❭ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

The Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2011-2015

Context of the measure: 
PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The Strategy for Estonian Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid 2011-2015 created a strategic platform for our development cooperation. The priority partner countries for Estonia were: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine and Belarus.

The main focus is on education, health, good governance etc. Supporting culture is rather a subsection of world education and supporting traditional handicraft is part of supporting microenterprises.

http://www.vm.ee/en/taxonomy/term/55

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Support for developing countries.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Support for developing countries, world education and awareness raising.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

A very small percentage of our ODA money goes for projects that are in some way connected with cultural activities as that is not a focus area.

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Mondo
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Carries out the projects in target countries.

Name: 
Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation is an international non-profit institute participating in public involvement related projects in target counties.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Local
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Based on the information received from local reports the impact has been small but relevant to the target groups.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of people targeted.

❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

Development of Creative Industries

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Development of creative industries became a part of the "Estonian Entrepreneurship Growth Strategy 2014-2020" under the section of competitive position. It is stated in the strategy that:

Taking into account the potential of this sector the number of companies operating in the field of creative industries is small among the start-up companies – too many good ideas never find their way to business. The existing companies are usually either micro or small companies who are unable to grow and have not much initiative to do so. The sector lacks opportunities for product development and creating innovative solutions. The domestic market is small and the weak export capacity does not allow entering and staying in foreign markets. Entrepreneurs who do not belong to creative circles do not know much about the possibilities of creative industries and often the added value that could be created in co-operation is overlooked. Due to its innovative approach creative industries have a great potential to create added value for the rest of the economy. Therefore, it is important to facilitate the development of creative industries and to connect it with the rest of the economy. The development of creative industries is based on three pillars: raising awareness and offering training, support for start-ups and their incubation period, support for sectoral development and exports. The companies that need a range of services and a special environment for comprehensive development have the chance to operate in creative incubators. The physical environment of the incubators and their technological basis will be improved and renewed. Competitive companies are provided with sectoral services in order to help them to carry out their product development and marketing and enter foreign markets. We will take special measures to increase exports, use all the potential of creative industries to operate successfully on foreign markets and to develop companies that are able to grow.

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Based on the Estonian Entrepreneurship Growth Strategy 2014-2020 and previous experience of implementing measures for the development of cultural and creative industries (CCI), the Creative Industries Development measure was designed focusing on following aspects:

  • supporting incubators, business accelerators and CCI development centres;
  • increasing the export capacity of CCI enterprises;
  • initiating joint development projects between CCI and other sectors’ enterprises;
  • developing the CCI infrastructure and technological capacity;
  • increasing awareness about creative economy and developing knowledge and skills.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

As a result the CCI enterprises shall have increased income generated from different markets, other sectors involve CCI in order to increase their value added, CCI contributes more to the development of regions (employment, tourism, foreign investments) and there shall be bigger tax contribution generated by CCI.

Previous measure implemented during 2009-2014 focused on awareness rising about CCI and for development of CCI support structures.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Culture
Enterprise Estonia
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Total budget allocated for the period 2014-2020 is 20 million Euros and the measure is financed from the European Regional Development Fund.

Total budget of CCI development measures implemented during 2009-2014 was 8,1 million Euros and measures were financed from European Social Fund and European Regional Development Fund.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Implementation of current and previous measures for supporting the development of CCI have been constantly monitored in order to make relevant adaptions for achieving the results and impact of the measures. Studies carried out before drafting the first measure for CCI indicated that there was a low awareness about creative economy, poor co-operation within cultural and creative sectors and lack of appropriate support structures for developing CCI.

Before drafting CCI measures for the period 2014-2020 following aspects were highlighted: CCI entreprises have low export capacity, there is a poor co-operation between CCI and other sectors and the services of CCI support structures must become more competitive and sustainable.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Indicator for the measure implemented during 2009-2014: number of CCI enterprices as final beneficiaries who used the facilities and services of CCI support structures.

Indicators for the measure implemented during 2014-2020: number of exporting companies in CCI, value added per employee in CCI entreprises, income per entreprise and per employee in CCI compared to the average in Estonia.

❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

Sustainable Estonia 21

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Sustainable Estonia (SE21) is a strategy for developing the Estonian state and society until the year 2030 with the aim of integrating the success requirements arising from global competition with the principles of sustainable development and preservation of the traditional values of Estonia. The main task of the strategy is to answer the question of what should be done to ensure successful functioning of the Estonian society and state also in the longer term. SE21 is designed as a feedback-based and periodically self-correcting societal process, in a way a mechanism of self-management of the society. The core of SE21 consists of (commonly valued) development goals, which are expected to be realised with contribution from a broad range of actors and with funds from a variety of sources.

Among four main goals stated in the strategy viability of the Estonian cultural space is the first goal. The Estonian cultural space is defined as an arrangement of social life based on Estonian traditions and the Estonian language.

SE21: https://riigikantselei.ee/sites/default/files/content-editors/Failid/estonia_sds_2005.pdf

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Estonia has considerable experience in advancing sustainable development. The Sustainable Development Act was adopted by Parliament already in 1995. In 2005, the Parliament adopted the Estonian Sustainable Development Strategy „Sustainable Estonia 21“, which states 4 main goals for sustainable development in Estonia. Number one of them is the viability of Estonian cultural space. The Estonian national sustainable development strategy is implemented by governments’ sectoral and thematic strategies and action plans. The national sustainable development strategy is one of the main horizontal strategies that has to be taken into account when designing governments’ strategic development plans. In 2016 Estonia was among the first countries that submitted a national voluntary review on implementation of the 2030 Agenda to the UN. 

 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Sustainability of cultural space is assessed using the following three criteria (sub-goals) along with their indicators:

  1. Extent of the Estonian cultural space.
  2. Functionality of the Estonian culture.
  3. Temporal continuity and plasticity of the Estonian culture.

Key mechanisms for achieving the goal are education, reflexivity, communication and innovation.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Different ministries and agencies as SE21 is implemented through governments’ sectoral and thematic strategies and action plans.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Financial resources are allocated through different ministries according to their yearly work plans for implementing their strategies and long-term action plans. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

First evaluation regarding the implementation of SE21 was carried out in 2008 in order to define topics that are important for sustainable development. As a result the list on sustainable development indicators has been constantly improved and currently there are 69 indicators used. Understanding the problems, statistics and trends remains in the circle of experts and is not widely spread. In order to have a dialogue with the society it is important that information and knowledge about bottlenecks and key aspects of sustainable development are delivered to the society and policy makers.  

Based on the survey carried out in 2010-2011 Statistics Estonia recommended to map and analyse the relevance and quality of sustainable development indicators used in Estonia.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Relevant information is available at the Statistics Estonia website http://www.stat.ee/sustainable-development

 

❭ EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b

Emphasising the importance of digitalization

Context of the measure: 
EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Modern technologies create the opportunity to multiply different ways how to preserve the cultural heritage and legacy for the future generations. Estonia has developed several digital platforms to meet these possibilities and integrate the modern IT solutions with the cultural services and databases. For instance, there is a special IT tool “MUIS” (http://www.muis.ee/en_GB/) created for museums to digitalize the collections and also make these resources more easily accessible. There are similar developments in action also in the field of cultural heritage and libraries (including the interfacing models to link with worldwide databases, e.g. services provided by Europeana).

The period 2013-2015 was covered by the National Strategy for Digital Cultural Heritage 2011-2016. The main aims of this strategy were:

  • ensuring that digitization becomes a routine, daily activity in memory institutions,
  • improving the nationwide co-ordination of digitization and preservation of digital cultural heritage,
  • developing a shared framework of services based on digital cultural heritage.

New operational programme for the national digitization strategy of cultural heritage has been prepared for the period of 2016-2020. A national funding programme will be opened in 2017 using the EU structural funds. Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications will announce the first call for proposals which will have to be based on the operational programme developed by the Estonian Ministry of Culture.

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Museums Act (2013) stipulates a deadline for state museums to digitize all their collections by 2018. However, several museums have already applied to prolong this deadline. Individual domains – libraries, archives and museums – are collaborating for defining their own digitization strategies that set targets for the 2-3 year horizon. For archives, standards for formats were established in the Archive Act (2011) and these were implemented during the 2013-2015 period.

The Estonian Ministry of Culture together with the Conservation and Digitisation Centre Kanut developed digitization guidelines for museums in 2015. Implementation of these guidelines has started as best practice. Libraries have agreed on digitization standards for most types of publications and the National Digital Archive DIGAR at the National Library has developed its own guidelines for digitization.

In Estonia digitization has concentrated into larger memory institutions, therefore the number of organisations the Estonian Ministry of Culture works with has narrowed down. This facilitates co-ordination of reporting activities. There are five digitization competence centres for different types of heritage. National Library is the competence centre for printed heritage, National Archives for archival material, photography and video material, the Conservation and Digitisation Centre Kanut is a centre for artefacts, art and photography, Estonian Literary Museum for manuscripts. Collaborative projects between centres do exist. No cross-border initiatives have occurred thus far.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

There is a general target to digitalize Estonian cultural heritage by 2018 in order to make it more easily accessible and reusable. Estonian Ministry of Culture has conducted regular surveys (2010, 2012, 2013) on the progress with digitization and for preparing the operational programme of heritage digitization (2014). The survey covered all memory institutions regardless of their ministerial subordination. Estonian Ministry of Culture encouraged memory institutions to fill in the ENUMERATE surveys and the ministry is highly interested in continuing its participation in the ENUMERATE and other surveys on the European level.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Estonian Ministry of Culture
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Initial resources from EU structural funds to be allocated for digitalization of cultural heritage during the period 2014-2020 was 10 million euros. Currently the operational programme will be made for 6 million euros of which 3 millions will come from EU structural funds.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ YOUTH

Activities targeting children and youth under different initiatives and measures

Context of the measure: 
YOUTH
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Working with youth was highlighted in the Action Programme of the Government of Estonia for the period 2011-2015 as one of the priorities of cultural policy.

There were and are several initiatives that are empowering young people and promoting their participation in cultural activities. For example, Estonia has a tradition of Youth Song and Dance Festival taking place every fifth year. The last festival took place in 2011 as this was the year when Tallinn was European Cultural Capital. Total of 251 choirs participated. The next Youth Song and Dance Festival will take place in Tallinn from 30th of June till 2nd of July in 2017 (http://2017.laulupidu.ee/en/).

As mentioned earlier in this report in the chapter "Policies and Measures" under the section of "Cultural Policies", Estonia launches thematic years. The year 2017 will be dedicated to children and youth with a programme of variety of events. For example, the Estonian Children’s Literature Centre plans a literature project that includes a literature van travelling through different regions of Estonia in 2017. Programme includes introduction of newest children books, workshops, performances etc.

There is a contemporary art triennial for school students Eksperimenta! (http://www.eksperimenta.net/).

Under the initiative called "Architecture School" architects organize different workshops for school children of age 7-18 (http://www.arhitektuurikool.ee/).

Project for schools in the field of heritage protection include activities for children and youth of age 7-19 with the aim to raise their awareness in local heritage. The project was developed on the basis of a Norwegian project „Improve a heritage site” which also got a Europa Nostra award in 2012. In 2015, altogether 16 schools and 662 school students participated in the project managing to work on 26 heritage sites all over Estonia (http://ouesope.ee/parandivaderid/).

In the second half of 2015 Estonian Ministry of Culture started to elaborate the concept of the relief system for youth recreational activity.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features of different initiatives are described under the section b. "Key objectives of the measures". For more information, please visit the websites also indicated in this section.

In addition, Estonia is also implementing the EU Education, Youth and Sports Programme Erasmus+ during the period 2014-2020. One of the aims is to facilitate international language learning and raise intercultural awareness.

In cooperation with partners and stakeholder organisations Estonian Ministry of Culture has specified the terms of reference of the concept of the relief system for youth recreational activity. The schedule for developing the concept and the circle of those involved was prepared, greater bottlenecks requiring intervention were ascertained, the purpose of implementing additional support by the state was specified and possible support mechanisms were developed. In February 2016 the concept was presented to the cabinet meeting together with a memorandum, which contained a short summary of the terms of reference, more important circumstances and justifications and proposals to the cabinet for decisions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To empower children and young people to participate in cultural activities as creators or participants in order to ensure the sustainability and diversity of Estonian culture.

f.1 Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the measure: 
Different ministries, institutions and NGOs in Estonia.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Certain amount of money is allocated in the yearly budget of Estonian Ministry of Culture or other responsible ministries according to the scope of the activities or initiatives.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No