In the National Strategic Development Plan (2009-2013), the Royal Government recognizes Internet access as a facilitator of economic growth, and accordingly promotes the use of ICTs, including the Internet, to facilitate business and promote small and medium enterprises. Given the authorities’ acknowledgment of the role the Internet plays in boosting the economy and encouraging new forms of access, creation, production, and the dissemination of ideas, information and cultural content, Cambodia’s currently low result may reflect the immediate need to increase investments in the development of infrastructures, policies and measures to facilitate the use of new technologies. The country may also need to address issues such as pricing, bandwidth, skills, public facilities, content and applications targeting low-end users in order to bring more people online.
5 MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION (ADDITIONAL INDICATOR)The General Law of Education (1994) states that the teaching of foreign languages is mandatory in Colombia. The promotion of linguistic diversity and the learning of a second language is seen as essential to increase employment opportunities and career development but also to facilitate...
5 MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION (ADDITIONAL INDICATOR)
6 ARTS EDUCATION (ALTERNATIVE INDICATOR): 6.2% (2012)Arts education is a mandatory component of infant, primary and secondary school curriculums according to the 1994 General Education Law (Article 23). Arts education nurtures creativity and innovation, empowers creative and artistic talents and provides a basis for the enjoyment of...
6 ARTS EDUCATION (ALTERNATIVE INDICATOR): 6.2% (2012)
18 PERCEPTION OF GENDER EQUALITY (ALTERNATIVE INDICATOR): 80.5% (2005)In 2005, 80.5% of Colombians positively perceived gender as a factor for development, according to their responses to questions regarding 2 domains that parallel the objective indicator for this dimension - political participation and education. The final...
18 PERCEPTION OF GENDER EQUALITY (ALTERNATIVE INDICATOR): 80.5% (2005)
Regarding the participation of minorities within the National Culture System, Colombia has developed a set of scenarios where different civil society actors may participate. Indigenous and ethnic groups do not have individual institutions within the National Culture System. However, in some departments and municipalities inhabited by these ethnic groups, representation in the Culture Councils exists and opportunities for involvement are the same as for the rest of the population. At the State level, to ensure the presence and participation of minorities in the dialogue on cultural policies that concern them, delegations for minorities have been created for the National Culture Council, as well as for key thematic councils that concern minority groups, such as the National Advisory Council for Native Languages and the National Council for Community and Citizens Media.
However, although the overwhelming majority of the population expresses basic tolerance towards these populations, challenges still remain to mitigate existing discriminations and exclusions, and to ensure that the potential added value of the cultural, symbolic, economic and social attributes of these groups be actively incorporated into development processes. According to a study carried out from 2004 to 2006 by the Center for International Development and Conflict Management in which Colombia took part, minorities still suffer from high levels of poverty, under-representation in economic activity, low levels of social care and social exclusion by the dominant majority group.