While Peru has a long tradition of incorporating arts and culture into society, the formalization of the arts started a few decades ago. Today, the country’s cultural and creativity industries (CCIs) are developing at a rapid pace.
The Ministry of Culture of Peru was created in July 2010 against this backdrop: the Peruvian government is eager to harness the creative momentum and support the culture sector through targeted policies and measures. An ambitious cinema law the Congress passed, effectively tripling the resources allocated to the movie industry when enacted, is a prime example.
The Ministry’s main areas of action include contemporary cultural creation and living arts, cultural management and cultural industries. Enhancing opportunities for dialogue between cultural civil society organizations and the government, as well as developing capacity building programs for artists, cultural professionals, and public officials are also among the Ministry’s priorities .
The second Global Report ReIShaping Cultural Policies: Advancing Creativity for Development was launched in Lima (Peru) 14 May 2019. Among two hundred attendees were ministry and public institution representatives, universities and academic centers, civil society organizations and creators. Since the ratification of the 2005 Convention, the country has made “considerable progress in implementing policies and measures throughout the cultural value chain, in particular by encouraging digital creation, creative entrepreneurship and accelerating the modernization of cultural sectors,” said Magaly Robalino, a UNESCO Representative in Peru.
The Ministry of Culture invited stakeholders at the event to participate in the preparation of the next Quadrennial Periodic Report (QPR), due in 2020. "It will inspire us many ideas and questions,” said Guillermo Cortés Carcelén, the Vice Minister of Cultural Heritage and Industries, emphasizing that the QPR is more than just a score sheet – but in fact a “tool to think about what is happening in the world while focusing on the evolution of our own cultural sector.” In order to capture the state of cultural policies today as well as draw up recommendations for future action, the opportunity to contribute to the report “must reach everyone so that we arrive at a clear consensus, resulting in better regulations and policies,” he concluded.
The wealth of information that non-governmental actors possess was on display during a civil-society round table discussion that followed. The participants discussed Peru’s cultural policy progress through three focus areas based on the Convention’s monitoring framework: role of civil society, artistic freedom and gender equality. The event was broadcasted on the Ministry of Culture channel "Culture 24.”
From 21 to 24 May 2019, international expert Eduardo Saravia conducted 6 working meetings with UNESCO, the Ministry of Culture, public institutions and actors of the cultural sector. The main objective of this consultation process was, first, to identify cultural actors of the public, private and civil society sectors that have an influence or have taken initiatives to promote Peru’s diversity of expressions. Another objective was to demonstrate the main scope and objectives of the 2005 Convention and show their relevance to the Peruvian context, and to stimulate their participation in the drafting process of Peru’s first Periodic Report for the Convention.
Eduardo Saravia met with government institutions, including one with the Minister of Culture, Ulla Holmquist, and the Vice-Minister of Cultural Heritage and Cultural Industries, Guillermo Cortés Carcelén. In these meetings, the Peruvian government expressed its commitment and agreement with regard to the drafting process of the Periodic Report. Meetings were then held with the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and artistic training schools.
Some sessions were also organized with civil society actors. A dialogue was created with the universities and institutions that have training programmes in cultural management, with the National Network of Culture Points (Red nacional de Puntos de Cultura) and with cultural organizations, including APOC (Peruvian Alliance of Cultural Organizations – Alianza Peruana de Organizaciones Culturales) and EIP (Association of Independent Publishers – Asociación de Editoriales Independientes).
The steps forward and the constitution of the national drafting team will be defined and finalized based on the inputs obtained through this consultation process. The team will make sure to avoid duplication of efforts and build on initiatives already taken by government and civil society in terms of strengthening cultural policies. They will also consider the importance of decentralization, systematization and communication strategy in order to develop an inclusive vision that represent various views and realities of the country’s different territories.
The training workshop for the Peruvian National Team was held from 7 to 11 October 2019, led by Eduardo Saravia, member of the UNESCO Expert Facility. Eleven representatives of the public sector and fifteen representatives of civil society, trade unions and academia were present. More than 70 per cent of the members of the national team who participated in the workshop were women. The objective of this meeting was to create new spaces for dialogue and empower government officials and civil society organization to jointly monitor policies that promote the further development of Peru’s creative sector.
During the training, the team also identified priority areas to be addressed in Peru’s quadrennial periodic report on cultural governance that Parties to the Convention submit every four years. A newly revised periodic reporting form on the implementation of the 2005 Convention aligned with the Monitoring Framework is organized around four goals. At the end of extensive discussions, the National Team identified fifty-seven policies, measures and initiatives that contribute to the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions. The members linked each item with the most pertinent goal: there were 23 policies and measures supporting sustainable systems of governance for culture (goal 1), 11 achieving a balanced flow of cultural goods and services and increase the mobility of artists and cultural professionals (goal 2), 7 integrating culture into sustainable development frameworks (goal 3) and 16 promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms (goal 4).
Public and private institutions whose ongoing initiatives align with the 2005 Convention were invited for one-on-one meetings in order to actively contribute their insights and inputs to the Periodic Report. The National Penitentiary Institute, the Peruvian Chamber of Books, and Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Commission have pledged, amongst others, their participation.