Theme:
Policy Design, Expert Facility, Cultural Industries Support, Contributing to the SDGs
Type of project:
Capacity Development
Countries:
Local Partner(s):
  • Presidency of Mexico
    Type of organization: 
    Public authority
Related activity:
Start date
Nov 2019
End date
Jul 2022

Context/Overview

Mexico is one of the most diverse countries in the world with more than 12 million indigenous people speaking 68 indigenous languages. Despite this enormous cultural wealth, many of Mexico’s indigenous languages are in danger of disappearing.

In Mexico, radio represents a prominent cultural outlet and indigenous media are a powerful means of promoting indigenous languages, identities and stories. Thus, radio stations have naturally become a platform to unite indigenous peoples and celebrate their cultural expressions. Through this EU/UNESCO project, Mexico initially aimed at creating a policy that simplifies and streamlines the granting of licences to indigenous and community radios. Following the first consultations with the national team that took place on the occasion of the public online launch of the project on 16 June 2020, it was decided to broaden the scope of the project to indigenous and community media as a whole, to take into consideration the reality of technological convergence. A new regulation to incorporate indigenous content in commercial and public media will also be designed, widely disseminating and promoting diverse cultural expressions throughout the country.

The project responds to the following needs and challenges identified by the Presidency of Mexico:

  • the financial burdens of requesting a radio license which often exceed the potential benefits of getting one;
  • the lack of public policies aimed at ensuring the economic sustainability of radios;
  • the lack of a standard regulation for incorporating indigenous content in commercial and public media.

Design of a standard regulation to incorporate indigenous content in commercial and public media

The project will design a standard regulation aimed at incorporating indigenous content in commercial and public media; it will require future applicants for broadcasting licenses to specify the percentage of indigenous or community programming during their broadcasts.

This regulation will consider indigenous programming as follows:

  • programming whose purpose is to promote and preserve the languages, cosmogony, traditions, and knowledge that constitute indigenous identities and cultures; and,
  • the productions made by indigenous peoples.

In order to comply with this regulation and ensure that public and private media have access to indigenous and community content, a digital platform will be created. Consultations between community and indigenous broadcasters will also take place in order to assess their capacity for content generation and contribution towards the platform (internet access, capacity development, etc).

 

Design of a policy to decentralize license granting for indigenous and community radios

Today, the procedure to request radio licenses can only be completed in Mexico City, which poses economic and logistical challenges to indigenous peoples that wish to operate their radio stations legally with an active license. This project will support the design of a policy to decentralize the radio license granting process in order to reduce the associated administrative and economic burden and promote the development of indigenous and community radio projects.

Project Implementation

  • June 2020: Launch of the project
  • July and August 2020: Consultation process which led to the identification of four key themes:
    • the sustainability of indigenous and community radios,
    • connectivity and infrastructure,
    • inclusion of the indigenous and community radios in the general media landscape
    • monitoring of policy actions (through data) targeting these radios
  • May 2021: Peer-to-Peer with ​​Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and the United Kingdom
  • June 2021: Formulation of a policy paper with actions for each of the themes mentioned above
  • Spring 2022 (expected): Public presentation of the policy paper

 

Follow - up activities:

  • Spring 2022 (expected): As a follow-up activity, a virtual school for indigenous and community radios is currently being created which will provide courses on the audiovisual production, gender equality approach and mainstreaming, Media and Information Literacy (MIL), and crowdfunding (collective financing).

Results

One of first results of this project was the creation of the Declaration of Principles for Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in the Media, which has as an aim to encourage public, commercial, community and indigenous media to promote cultural and linguistic diversity in Mexico.

Designing policies to support indigenous and community radio in Mexico

English
Photo Gallery: 
Activity Type: 
Countries: 
Mexico
Local Partner: 
Presidency of Mexico
Type of organization: 
Public authority
Date: 
2019 to 2022
Context/Overview: 

Mexico is one of the most diverse countries in the world with more than 12 million indigenous people speaking 68 indigenous languages. Despite this enormous cultural wealth, many of Mexico’s indigenous languages are in danger of disappearing.

In Mexico, radio represents a prominent cultural outlet and indigenous media are a powerful means of promoting indigenous languages, identities and stories. Thus, radio stations have naturally become a platform to unite indigenous peoples and celebrate their cultural expressions. Through this EU/UNESCO project, Mexico initially aimed at creating a policy that simplifies and streamlines the granting of licences to indigenous and community radios. Following the first consultations with the national team that took place on the occasion of the public online launch of the project on 16 June 2020, it was decided to broaden the scope of the project to indigenous and community media as a whole, to take into consideration the reality of technological convergence. A new regulation to incorporate indigenous content in commercial and public media will also be designed, widely disseminating and promoting diverse cultural expressions throughout the country.

The project responds to the following needs and challenges identified by the Presidency of Mexico:

  • the financial burdens of requesting a radio license which often exceed the potential benefits of getting one;
  • the lack of public policies aimed at ensuring the economic sustainability of radios;
  • the lack of a standard regulation for incorporating indigenous content in commercial and public media.
Results: 

One of first results of this project was the creation of the Declaration of Principles for Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in the Media, which has as an aim to encourage public, commercial, community and indigenous media to promote cultural and linguistic diversity in Mexico.

Section for activities: 
Title of the section: 
Design of a standard regulation to incorporate indigenous content in commercial and public media
Short Description: 

The project will design a standard regulation aimed at incorporating indigenous content in commercial and public media; it will require future applicants for broadcasting licenses to specify the percentage of indigenous or community programming during their broadcasts.

This regulation will consider indigenous programming as follows:

  • programming whose purpose is to promote and preserve the languages, cosmogony, traditions, and knowledge that constitute indigenous identities and cultures; and,
  • the productions made by indigenous peoples.

In order to comply with this regulation and ensure that public and private media have access to indigenous and community content, a digital platform will be created. Consultations between community and indigenous broadcasters will also take place in order to assess their capacity for content generation and contribution towards the platform (internet access, capacity development, etc).

 

Position: 
Top left
Style: 
collapsed
Title of the section: 
Design of a policy to decentralize license granting for indigenous and community radios
Short Description: 

Today, the procedure to request radio licenses can only be completed in Mexico City, which poses economic and logistical challenges to indigenous peoples that wish to operate their radio stations legally with an active license. This project will support the design of a policy to decentralize the radio license granting process in order to reduce the associated administrative and economic burden and promote the development of indigenous and community radio projects.

Position: 
Top left
Style: 
collapsed
Title of the section: 
Project Implementation
Short Description: 
  • June 2020: Launch of the project
  • July and August 2020: Consultation process which led to the identification of four key themes:
    • the sustainability of indigenous and community radios,
    • connectivity and infrastructure,
    • inclusion of the indigenous and community radios in the general media landscape
    • monitoring of policy actions (through data) targeting these radios
  • May 2021: Peer-to-Peer with ​​Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and the United Kingdom
  • June 2021: Formulation of a policy paper with actions for each of the themes mentioned above
  • Spring 2022 (expected): Public presentation of the policy paper

 

Follow - up activities:

  • Spring 2022 (expected): As a follow-up activity, a virtual school for indigenous and community radios is currently being created which will provide courses on the audiovisual production, gender equality approach and mainstreaming, Media and Information Literacy (MIL), and crowdfunding (collective financing).
Position: 
Top left
Style: 
collapsed
Donors: 
European Union
Related activity: 
Supporting new regulatory frameworks to strengthen the cultural and creative industries and promote South-South cooperation