Building peace in the minds of men and women

International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists

2 November

In the past fourteen years (2006-2019), close to 1,200 journalists have been killed for reporting the news and bringing information to the public. On average, this constitutes one death every four days. In nine out of ten cases the killers go unpunished. Impunity leads to more killings and is often a symptom of worsening conflict and the breakdown of law and judicial systems. UNESCO is concerned that impunity damages whole societies by covering up serious human rights abuses, corruption, and crime. Governments, civil society, the media, and everyone concerned to uphold the rule of law are being asked to join in the global efforts to end impunity.

It is in recognition of the far-reaching consequences of impunity, especially of crimes against journalists, that the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/68/163 at its 68th session in 2013 which proclaimed 2 November as the ‘International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists’ (IDEI). The Resolution urged Member States to implement definite measures countering the present culture of impunity. The date was chosen in commemoration of the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2 November 2013.


"Journalists are essential in preserving the fundamental right to freedom of expression, guaranteed by Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. When journalists are attacked with impunity, there is a breakdown in security and judicial systems for all."

— Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO
on the occasion of the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists 2020

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IDEI 2020 Main Celebration

UNESCO and the Kingdom of the Netherlands commemorate the World Press Freedom Conference 2020 on 9 and 10 December 2020. The conference celebrates jointly World Press Freedom Day (3 May) and the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (2 November) in a new, innovative format, merging digital and in-person elements.

The main event commemorating IDEI 2020 is the session, entitled “Strengthening investigations and prosecutions to end impunity for crimes against journalists” which will include the presentation of guidelines for prosecutors on investigating and prosecuting crimes and attacks against journalists, developed in partnership with the International Association of Prosecutors. It will take place on 10 December 2020.


UNESCO launches a global awareness campaign on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, and in the media, around 2 Nov.

Download all the materials available here.