Anniversaries 2016 -
150th anniversary of the birth of Janis Rozentāls, painter (1866-1916) (with the support of Finland and Lithuania) (2016)
Janis Rozentāls was a tireless searcher. He made a major contribution in the development of Latvian portrait, landscape and genre painting, monumental and religious art, graphics, applied art, as well as art theory and criticism. Through his diverse activities, the artist introduced new principles that were in tune with the tendencies of the age and the Latvian national revival. Accordingly, he represents one of the founding figures of professional Latvian art from the close of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. J. Rozentāls was also very active in forming the society of artists from Baltic provinces. As a member and one of the leaders of Baltic Artists’ Society he contributed to the development and modernization of Baltic art, as well as helped in improving the circulation of the works of artists joined under Baltic Artists' Society. The activity of the organisation streamlined another welcomed phenomena, namely more and more fellow-citizens of other ethnicities got engaged in development of Latvian culture as contributors, not observers. Moreover, the movement of modernization of arts in Baltics that J. Rozentāls was a part of, marks tendency that was similar in Scandinavian counties, namely that modernization of art was applied through national revival. For this reason, commemoration of J. Rozentāls action and works narrates and promotes the shared values and history of the region concerned.
2016 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
1100th anniversary of the death of Clement of Ohrid (830-916) (joint nomination by Bulgaria and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, with the support of Poland and the Russian Federation) (2016)
Clement (830s-916) was one of the closest associates of Cyril and Methodius, creators of the first Slavic alphabet, and he assisted them in the translations of texts from Greek to Slavic. He is the author of the Long Life of St. Cyril, written between 869 and 885, the main source of information about this distinguished person whose work has changed the European written culture in the ninth century.
After the death of Methodius in 885, Clement assumed the leadership among his disciples and associates and actively defended the use of the Slavic writing system and liturgy. He was ordained into episcope of Velica, and becomes the first episcope amongst the eastern Slavic population.
Clement is the author of more than a hundred original sermons and hymnody. The main source of data about Methodius was written by Clement. He dedicated his life and work to the spreading of the Slavic script, education and written culture in the first literary Slavic language. Clement’s life and work are associated with many European countries and has a huge impact on the written culture and their own languages.
The most important sources about him were written by the Orhid archbishops and the zografs who painted churches in Ohrid and within the frames of the Ohrid archbishopric between the eleventh and fourteenth century, as well as later until the beginning of the twentieth century.
Thus Clement of Ohrid is one of the most significant figures in the European cultural, religious and public history of the late ninth and early tenth century.
He died and was buried in his church in Ohrid at St. Panteleimon on Plaosnik.
Taking into account extraordinary role of Clement and its contribution to educational and cultural development of Balkans and Europe, UNESCO recommends the celebration of this anniversary.
150th anniversary of the foundation of the National Conservatory of Music (1866) (2016)
The National Conservatory of Music of the National Institute of Fine Arts is a specialized school in comprehensive academic training of music professionals in the fields of interpretation, research, development and teaching.
Since its opening, the Conservatory has contributed to the training of leading exponents of music, promoting musical diversity in music and high-level training of musicians and teachers. Due to its long history and vocation, the Conservatory is one of the most important musical educational institutions in Latin America, seeking to promote the cultural development of the region with a deep awareness of the social function of art, by the socialization and professionalization of music education in the region, as well as the promotion of traditions, styles and forms of classical music.
It has been a seedbed of great exponents of music worldwide, including the renowned tenor Placido Domingo and Faustino Diaz, current winner of the Eighth International Trombone Competition. Furthermore, the Conservatory receives teachers, musicians and students from many others countries, mainly from Europe and Latin America, and it hosts a variety of international events such as courses, workshops, seminars, meetings, etc. among them the International Guitar Festival or the Festival International Piano Competition character.
150th anniversary of the birth of the poet Rubén Darío (1867-1916) and 100th anniversary of his death (with the support of Cuba and Ecuador) (2016)
Rubén Darío, pseudonym of Félix Rubén García Sarmiento (born 18 January 1867, Metapa, Nicaragua – died 6 February 1916, León), influential Nicaraguan poet, journalist, and diplomat. As a leader of the Spanish American literary movement known as Modernismo, which flourished at the end of the nineteenth century, he revivified and modernized poetry in Spanish on both sides of the Atlantic through his experiments with rhythm, metre, and imagery. Darío developed a highly original poetic style that founded a tradition.
From the standpoint of artistic resourcefulness and technical perfection, Darío is considered by many to be one of the greatest poets ever who wrote in Spanish. Throughout his career he boldly experimented with many forms of verse, and he probably introduced more metrical innovations than any other Spanish-language poet.
1000th anniversary of the birth of Abu Mohammed Abdullah bin Mohammed al-Azdi (Ibn al-Thahabi), scientist (with the support of Egypt and Lebanon) (2016)
Ibn Al-Thahabi is famous for his book Kitab al-Ma’a (The Book of Water), which is a 900-page medical encyclopaedia that lists the names of diseases, its medicine and a physiological process or a treatment. It is the first known alphabetical classification of medical terms. In this encyclopaedia, Ibn Al-Thahabi not only lists the names but adds numerous original ideas about the function of the human organs. It also contains a course for the treatment psychological symptoms. The main thesis of his medication is that cure must start from controlled food and exercise and if it persists then use specific individual medicines. His work can be considered as one of the first steps for the scientific understanding of the human body and its functions.
100th anniversary of the death of Ştefan Luchian, painter (1868-1916) (2016)
Due to his entire work, the Romanian painter Ştefan Luchian (1868 -1916) is included among the most outstanding representatives of the Romanian culture. His vocation as a painter was declared since childhood. He starts to study at the Fine Arts School in Bucharest, after he did refuse to answer the admission test at the military lyceum.
He attended courses at the Akademie der Bildenden Kiinste from Munchen, Germany, where his professor was Johann Caspar Herterich. During his stay in Paris (1891-1893) he was attending courses at the Julian Academy, working in the studio of W. Bouguereau and Tony Robert-Fieury. He was highly impressed by Delacroix, Coubert, Manet and Degas and was learning about Impressionism. He had pastels selected for the 1900's Universal Exhibition in Paris.
Since 1908 Luchian focused all creative energy in painting flowers, all the passion for nature, love for life and for all beautiful. That is why Luchian’s “flowers” have that almost dramatic intensity of feeling, that inner light, that serious simplicity that makes many of them – is enough to mention Anemones – true masterpieces.
2016 Russian Federation
150th anniversary of the foundation of the Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory (1866) (2016)
Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory is one of the leading musical universities of Russia and one of the oldest and most prestigious in the world. The Conservatory has great musical traditions of the worldwide cultural significance. Many notable musicians (S.V.Rakhmaninov, A.N.Skryabin, M.L.Rostropovich, A.I.Khachaturyan, U.A.Bashmet and many others) graduated from its walls.
The proposal states that a series of events will be organized to celebrate the Conservatory’s anniversary with the participation of the worlds’ leading musicians. The events will contribute to achieving the UNESCO’s goals in the field of culture and education as they will serve to unite wide public and musical communities, providing great opportunities for further development in culture and education, and for tolerant cultural dialogue.
2016 Russian Federation
150th anniversary of the birth of Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky, painter (1866-1944) (2016)
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He was one of the pioneers of abstract expressionism, creator of countless paintings, author of several books on art and tireless researcher-ethnographer. One of his most popular paintings is “Blue Rider” (1903). Kandinsky is well known as a member of Die Blaue Vier (Blue Four group of artists in Germany) and a prominent theorist of the Bauhaus art school that have had a global influence on the world art. Kandinsky received a worldwide recognition as one of the leaders of abstract expressionist art.
2016 Russian Federation
250th anniversary of the birth of Nikolay Mikhailovich Karamzin, writer (1766-1826) (2016)
Nikolay Mikhailovich Karamzin is an outstanding Russian writer, poet and historian. He is the author of numerous works, including widely known Letters of a Russian Traveler which he published after travelling in Germany, France, Switzerland and England. His greatest work as a writer and historian is the 12-volume History of the Russian State. Karamzin is credited for reforming and enriching Russian language with new words that enriched the potential for lexical expression. His works are imbued with ideals of humanity and enlightenment for all as well as ideas of mutual development of cultures which have potential to enrich each other.
The celebration of the anniversary will contribute to the mutual enrichment of cultures and help to promote the ideas of peace and tolerance that is at the core of the UNESCO’s mission. The commemoration will serve to unite wide public, scientific and cultural communities, providing opportunities for development in education and better knowledge of literature, establishing closer relations and dialogue among members of different communities.
100th anniversary of the birth of Puey Ungphakorn, educator and economist (1916-1999) (with the support of the Philippines and Viet Nam) (2016)
Dr Puey is widely considered one of the fathers of Thailand’s post World War II economic development as well as a prominent educator and civil servant of impeccable ethics who has had a major impact on national development. He has played a central role in the shaping of Thailand’s economic development and in the strengthening of its system of higher education. His capacity to strike a compromise between what was objectively possible and morally desirable was an extraordinary accomplishment. It had a particular impact on younger people, almost all of whose models have traditionally been either successful rogues who manipulate their social environment for their own advantage or martyrs who succumb to it. Dr Puey has also had a far-ranging regional impact, as evidenced by his Magsaysay Award in government service, considered to be the Asian equivalent of the Nobel Prize. The career of Dr Puey Ungphakorn confirms that a single individual can make significant contributions to the progress of his count.