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Yabotí Biosphere Reserve, Argentina

Located in the Province of Misiones, Argentina, the Yabotí Biosphere Reserve is home to the largest biodiversity in Argentina. Its subtropical forests, with trees, bushes and bamboos are a habitat for jaguars, tapirs and collared peccaries, among other endangered species.

Currently, within the biosphere reserve limits, there are 17 Guaraní villages, one of them inside the core area of Esmeralda. They have been actively engaged in sustainable development initiatives promoted by the Biosphere Reserve’s Committee.

Designation date: 1995


Regional network:  Red de Comités y Reservas de Biosfera de Iberoamérica y el Caribe (IberoMAB) 

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 236,313 ha

    • Core area(s): 21,194
    • Buffer zone(s): 22,335
    • Transition zone(s): 192,484 ha 

    Location: 26°56’15.9”S – 53°54’57.5”W

    Administrative Authorities

    Ministry of Ecology of the Province of Misiones, Argentina

    Jorge Bondar
    Coordinación de AMIRBY
    Calle Los Pinos, 1019, San Pedro, Misiones 
    C.P. 3352 ARGENTINA

    Tel.: +54 903 376154717378


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    Ecological Characteristics

    Yabotí is a subtropical forest conditioned by two main seasons: a tropical one, with intense summer rains; and a subtropical one, with less intense precipitations and cooler weather.

    Even though some areas of the Biosphere Reserve have endured human-induced impacts in the past, it is currently undergoing a process of recovery, as demonstrated by the increasing presence of jaguars (Panthera onca), harpy eagles (Harpia harpyja) and tapirs (Tapirus terrestris), among other endangered species.




    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    The area features a great potential for both rural, ethnic and ecotourism, which has been promoted lately with events like the Ultra Marathon Yabotí, the biggest jungle race in the world. However, the biosphere reserve’s most important economic activity is forestry development and forestry use.







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    Last updated: October 2018