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Xirihualtique-Jiquilisco Biosphere Reserve, El Salvador

Two fundamental processes are maintained contributing to landscape and ecosystem conservation. The first is the presence of El Salvador’s largest mangrove expanse.

Designation date: 2007


Regional network:  Red de Comités y Reservas de Biosfera de Iberoamérica y el Caribe (IberoMAB) 

Ecosystem-based network:




    Surface : 101.607 ha

    • Core area(s):  N/A
    • Buffer zone(s):  N/A
    • Transition zone(s):  N/A

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Maritza Guido Martínez
    Punto Focal MAB
    Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y RecursosNaturales
    Representante de RB Xiriualtique Jiquitizco
    El Salvador

    Tel.: +503 2233 9597


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    Ecological Characteristics

    This ecosystem is also a priority on a world level because it represents 46.82% of the Mangroves of the Dry North Pacific Coast in Mesoamerica, an ecoregion that has been declared Critically Endangered (WWF 2006).

    It is widely known that innumerable natural processes fundamental in maintaining environmental services provided to communities develop in these ecosystems. They are also the means of living of most of the local communities in the area.

    The other process is the conservation of two “sweet” forest ecosystems of great importance on a regional and national level: the Evergreen Broad-leaved Forests and the Semi-Deciduous Mixed Broad-leaved Forest.

    The former provide a habitat to the only remaining species of primate in El Salvador, Ateles geofrogii, While remnants of the most extensive and least fragmented Semi-deciduous Mixed Broad-leaved Forests are to be found in the Xiriualtique -Jiquilisco Biosphere Reserve.

    Thirty-seven endangeredspecies are conserved in the Biosphere Reserve in additionto 58 threatened species.


    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Vegetable and sugar-cane growing, cattle, pigs, beekeeping, poultry.

    Artisan fishing.

    Responsible tourism related with the beauty of the mangroves, water transport, crafts, pottery, furniture-making, wood-carving. Tourist-related services.





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    Last updated: April 2021