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La Primavera Biosphere Reserve, Mexico

With an extension of 30,500 hectares and located in the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area, La Primavera Biosphere Reserve plays an important environmental role in the region, for instance, refilling groundwater reserves and absorbing carbon dioxide. Besides, depending on the geographical location of its forested areas, there is a wide diversity of ecosystems, covering two floristic provinces.



Surface : 30,500 ha

  • Core area(s): 18,816.62 ha
  • Buffer zone(s): 11,818.93 ha
  • Transition zone(s): 24,755.14 ha

Location: 20° 38´07´´ N 103° 34´08´´ W

Administrative Authorities

Comisión Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas

Marciano Valtierra Azotla

Director General del Organismo Público Descentralizado Bosque La Primavera

Av. Vallarta No. 6503 Local E-38 Centro Comercial Concentro, Colonia Ciudad Granja

Zapopan, Jalisco C.P. 45010 


Tel.: +52 (33) 31-10-09-17


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Ecological Characteristics

The region has two floristic provinces: Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierras Meridionales or Volcanic Axis (the so-called belt fire). They are located in the Mesoamerican Mountain Region, and are formed by the confluence of two major realms: the Nearctic and the Neotropical. The area contains critical habitats for representative species of flora and fauna in the region, and serves as a genetic reservoir and biological corridor among the natural systems of the region (the canyon of the Santiago River, Cerro Los Bailadores, El Tepopote, Cerro de Tequila, Sierra de Navajas and Cerro Viejo). It is crucial for maintaining biodiversity and genetic heritage, and promoting the continuity of the evolutionary processes and it constitutes a living laboratory for scientific research and environmental education.

The area is home to 205 resident and migratory bird species, as well as 49 reptiles and amphibious species. Furthermore, recent studies identified the present within the Biosphere Reserve limits of nine endemic species from Jalisco.



Socio-Economic Characteristics

This biosphere reserve comprises different types of land ownership, therefore it has been necessary to create platforms for dialogue between different stakeholders and landowners in order to ensure the development of activities and sustainable production models, while generating incomes to their owners.  For example, there are initiatives in the areas of handicrafts, tourism and food production.

The site provides logistical support for demonstration projects, and environmental education and training. There are 12 trails, 8 educational camps, and a 1560 ha area for public use and recreational activities.




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Last updated: December 2018