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Lagunas de Montebello Biosphere Reserve, Mexico

Montebello is located between the physiographic region of the High Plain of Chiapas and the Gulf Coastal Plain, which is part of the physiographic province of Sierras de Chiapas and Guatemala. This region corresponds to the floristic regions of Miranda, called central massif and plains and slopes of the north of the central massif. Its physiography includes from small drains to great trenches. There are also big caves and cavities of varied shapes and dimensions. The average height of the area is 1,500 masl (meters above sea level) (INEGI, 1982).

Designation date: 2009


Regional network:  Red de Comités y Reservas de Biosfera de Iberoamérica y el Caribe (IberoMAB) 

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 6 425 ha

    • Core area(s): N/A
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Chiapas State

    Edda Carolina González del Castillo

    Directora RB Lagunas de Montebello

    Palacio Federal 3er piso, Segunda Oriente-Norte, No. 227
    Col. Centro, C.P. 29000, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas

    Tel.: 045 (961) 17-77-576


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    Ecological Characteristics

    Lagunas de Montebello National Park is located in the southeast region of Chiapas State, in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas physiographic province, in the Guatemala’s borderline. Geographical coordinates: 16° 04’ - 16° 10’ North latitude and 91° 37’ - 91° 47’ West longitude. Altitude: 1 500 m above sea level. The weather is temperate, 23.6 is the annual average temperature.

    The summer are very rainy, the average annual precipitation is 1862 mm for year. The principal ecosystems represented in the park are coniferous forest, cloud forest, aquatic and sub aquatic vegetation. Montebello forms part of a high priority to conservation hydrological basin. Constitute a wetland with 59 lakes with different colors.

    Also, as important terrestrial priority region, represent an important biological mesoamerican corridor and habitat to several migratory and resident species that include at least 277 species of birds, 65 species of mammals, 35 species of reptiles. Vegetation is represented mainly by 208 species of trees, 50 species of orchids and an important number, epiphytic and ferns. 106 species are recognized as endangered and 27 as endemic.


    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Surrounding the Park, there are numerous communities that maintain some ancestral traditions that make an interesting cultural region, such as Chujs, the principal ethnic group in the region. Because its scenic beauty Montebello receives annually around 200,000 national and foreign tourists.


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    Last updated: December 2018