Building peace in the minds of men and women

Huatulco Biosphere Reserve, Mexico

The biosphere reserve is located in the physiographic province of the Sierra Madre del Sur, characterized by bays, cliffs and rocky escarpments. 

Designation date: 2009


Regional network:  Red de Comités y Reservas de Biosfera de Iberoamérica y el Caribe (IberoMAB) 

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 68,918 ha

    • Core area(s): 2,193.88 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 9,697 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 57,027 ha

    Location: N/A

    Ecological Characteristics

    The site presents rocky associations of various ages that make up the texture of the land in Huatulco. The relief of the biosphere reserve is mountainous in its southern portion, with valleys perpendicular to the coast.

    The terrestrial part is composed of rounded hills, isolated hills, dunes, escarpments, cliffs, mangroves, wetlands, savannah, lowland deciduous and riparian vegetation. In the marine part we can find bays, beaches, islands, kelp and coral communities. 

    The biosphere reserve occupies a territory recognized as national land, under the responsibility of the National Fund for Tourism. 


    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Within the core area there is no human population, except in an area called El Faisán. However, in the recent years the population growth rate of the area has accelerated particularly. During the period 1980-1990, the population rose from 6760 to 12645 inhabitants, representing an average annual rate of population growth of 6.6%. For the period 1990-2000, the rate of population growth was even higher, with a rate of 8.67%. 


     Back to Biosphere Reserves in Mexico
     Back to Biosphere Reserves in Latin America and the Caribbean
     Back to World Network of Biosphere Reserves


    Last updated: December 2018