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Cerrado Biosphere Reserve, Brazil

This Biosphere Reserve is characterized by the Cerrado biome, which includes Cerrado (dense savanna woodlands), Cerrado with twisted short trees and bushes and Cerrado grasslands. It covers areas located in the States of Tocantins, Maranhão and Piauí.

Designation date: 1994


Regional network: IberoMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 



    Surface : 29,652,514 ha

    • Core area(s): 3,601,014 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 14,884,200 ha 
    • Transition zone(s): 11,167,300 ha

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Luiz Claudio de Oliveira
    President of RBC National Council

    Tel.: +55 31 9929-3777

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The upland grassbeds of Chapada dos Veadeiros, as well as the Parana valley wetlands, harbour unique species. The deciduous and semidecidous forests, with hardwoods that are prized for cattle fencing and construction are also a high priority for biodiversity conservation. The conservation of the Biosphere Reserve of Cerrado focuses on restoration of altered areas and building of ecological corridors. 




    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Over 200,000 people (2001) live in the Biosphere Reserve, engaged in ecotourism, production and commerce of native fruit pulps. . The Cerrado Fruits Project is an economic alternative developed by the Timbira communities and their regional neighbours. It aims at income generation, biodiversity, conservation, and economic sustainability. Native fruits, such as cashew, bacury, buriti palm, and hog-plum are collected, frozen and packaged for sale.






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    Last updated: May 2020