Biosphere Reserve "Voronezhsky" is located in two regions of the Russian Federation (Lipetsk and Voronezh regions) and five municipalities (Usmansky, Verhne-Khavsky, Ramonsky, Novousmansky municipal districts and the Railway urban district of Voronezh city). Many rural settlements are located directly at the borders of the BR.
As a specially protected natural territory Voronezh State Nature Zapovednik was established in 1923 to protect the beaver. Later the Zapovednik became complex and perform the conservation of natural complexes island pine forest in Russian forest-steppe zone. In 1985, the Zapovednik was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. On the territory of Zapovednik have been allocated core area and buffer zone.
Designation date: 1984
Regional network: EuroMAB
Surface : 38,783 ha
- Core area(s): 17,039 ha
- Buffer zone(s): 14,014 ha
- Transition zone(s): 31,000 ha
Location: 51°51' to 52°02'N; 39°21' to 39°47'E
The Biosphere Reserve is a mixed forest with stands of pine (Pinus sylvestris), oak (Quercus robur), lime (Tilia cordata) and flood plain forests of alder (Alnus glutinosa). 54 mammal species present include Russian desman (Desmana moschata), beaver (Castor fiber), otter (Lutra lutra), elk (Alces alces). The forest had been heavily logged in the past. Today, reafforestation of river banks with willow (Salix spp.) has permitted the forest to recover and enabled the beaver population to increase.
The Voronezhsky Biosphere Reserve experimental beaver breeding ground is an essential element of the reserve’s initiative for environmental education. It has been open to the public since it was founded. First visitors could watch the beavers that were kept in open enclosures on the bank of the Usman River from a viewing platform.
Since 2000s the breeding ground has been regularly visited by tourist groups. The tourist flow is as intense as 15,000 to 20,000 people a year. In addition, TV segments and documentaries are regularly filmed on the beaver breeding ground.
Biosphere Reserve "Voronezhsky" is located in two regions of the Russian Federation (Lipetsk and Voronezh regions) and five municipalities (Usmansky, Verhne-Khavsky, Ramonsky, Novousmansky municipal districts and the Railway urban district of Voronezh city). Many rural settlements are located directly at the borders of the BR; all of them necessarily agree on the general plans of development of their territories with the Biosphere Reserve "Voronezhsky".
More than one hundred users of land and forest areas are located within the area of cooperation. Land and forest plots were leased out or given to the gratuitous use for agricultural and recreational activities, as well as harvesting and processing of wood, religious activities etc.
Over the past 10 years the number of tourists visiting the reserve has increased by 4-5 times. This is due to the renewal and development of tourism infrastructure (ecotrails, recreational areas). A further increase in the number of tourists is expected after the introduction of a few objects (in particular, the aquarium with the family of beavers).
Last updated: April 2019