Darvinskiy Biosphere Reserve is situated on a peninsula in the north-west of the Rybinsky Reservoir on the Volga River. The biosphere reserve comprises bogs, marshes and inundated pine forests. The fauna and flora is typical for the southern taiga. Rare birds that nest in the area include the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) and osprey (Pandion haliaetus). Elk (Alces alces), brown bear (Ursus arctos), and wild boar (Sus scrofa) find refuge in the biosphere reserve. Due to the operation of hydroelectric stations nearby, the water level changes, thus affecting near-shore habitats.
Designation date: 2002
Regional network: EuroMAB
Surface : 153,832 ha
- Core area(s): 9,806 ha
- Buffer zone(s): 22,826 ha
- Transition zone(s): 121,200 ha
Location: 54°13'N; 35°25'E
The Reserve territory refers to the Eastern European phytogeographical region and is located at the joint of subzones of mixed deciduous and coniferous forests (Subtaiga) and deciduous forests. The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes in the catchment areas of the Ugra, Zhizdra and Oka Rivers. The biosphere reserve also includes main Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of international significance and one of the few remaining old-growth broadleaf woodlands in European Russia.
The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes in the catchment areas of the Ugra, Zhizdra and Oka Rivers. The biosphere reserve also includes main Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of international significance and one of the few remaining old-growth broadleaf woodlands in European Russia.
The area is home to various endangered species, such as Alburnoides bipunctatus rossicus, Cottus gobio, Gavia arctica arctica, Ciconia nigra, Pandion haliaetus, Circus macrourus, Haliaeetus albicilla, Aquila clanga, Aquila pomarina, among others.
The buffer zone consists of sections of a specially protected area of the Ugra national park. This zone is located around the core area or separately in places requiring special treatment of natural resources. Any human activities that can destroy natural ecosystems are prohibited in the buffer zone. In this area, several economic activities are carried out, such as environmental education, ecotourism (linear routes), fishing, traditional types of forest use, such as gathering mushrooms and berries, among others. The Transition or Ccooperation zone (an outer transition area) consists of zones of the Ugra national park which are not included in the core or buffer zones and placed in six administrative districts of the Kaluga region (Yukhnov, Iznoski, Dzerzhinsk, Peremyshl, Babynin and Kozelsk). These are areas of protected landscape, recreation, protection of historical and cultural sites, visitor services and household services.
Activities to involve local people in a small green business (the system of guesthouses, support for traditional agricultural methods and techniques, arts and crafts, folklore, etc.) are being organized in the transition zone.
Last updated: July 2019