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Retezat Biosphere Reserve, Romania

This biosphere reserve is situated in the southern Carpathian Mountains and has an altitude range from low mountain ranges to alpine landscape. Peak Peleaga with 2,509 meters above sea level is the highest elevation in the biosphere reserve.

Designation date: 1979

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Networks

Regional network:  EuroMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 

  

    Description

    Map

    Surface : 38,047 ha

    • Core area(s): 38,047 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Retezat National Park Administration
    Nucsoara, Salasu de Sus com.
    337420, Hunedoara County
    Romania

    Tel.: 0040 254 779968
    Email: office@retezat.ro

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    Ecological Characteristics

    This biosphere reserve is situated in the southern Carpathian Mountains and has an altitude range from low mountain ranges to alpine landscape. Peak Peleaga with 2,509 meters above sea level is the highest elevation in the biosphere reserve. The Retezat Massif is a well-defined upland block, separated on most sides from the rest of the range by deep valleys and to the north overlooking the Tertiary Hateg basin. The area was glaciated in the quaternary and has many landforms caused by glacial erosion. This biosphere reserve is significant for the conservation of European mountain forest diversity. The vegetation is very diverse due to the varied relief and the junction of three floristic regions in this area.

     

     

    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    The biosphere reserve is not inhabited, however rural communities outside the biosphere reserve depend on agriculture, livestock raising and forestry. Impacts on the environment come from overgrazing and recreation activities. In this region, people from different origins (Romania, Hungary, Germany and Serbia) are living together.

     

     

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    Last updated: November 2019