This Russian biosphere reserve is located in the middle section of the Volga River about 55 km south-west of the city Nizhni Novgorod. Part of the biosphere reserve, ‘Kama-Bakaldino Mires’, is designated as Ramsar wetland, representing the largest peatland complex to the south of the northern taiga zone in Europe.
Designation date: 2002
Regional network: EuroMAB
Surface : 131,910 ha
- Core area(s): 37,940 ha
- Buffer zone(s): 18,890 ha
- Transition zone(s): 75,080 ha
The biosphere reserve comprises large areas of pine forests recovering from logging activities and fires since the 1970s. Some fragments of old growth have been preserved. Within the biosphere reserve, logging, poaching and peat extraction is restricted.
After the closure of logging enterprises and some demographic transformation, the population decreased tremendously. Today, about 600 people live in the biosphere reserve, who are employed by the Kerzhenski nature reserve, administrations and public services. Home gardening as well as selling cranberries provides important additional sources of income.
Last updated: July 2019