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Macizo de Anaga Biosphere Reserve, Spain

The Macizo de Anaga Biosphere Reserve is located in the northeast of the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands. Macizo de Anaga hosts significant faunal diversity with reptiles, birds and fish, and in particular invertebrates present in large numbers, with 1,900 species recorded. The reserve consists of four protected natural areas – a Rural Park and three Integral Natural Reserves, as well as areas that form part of the Natura 2000 network, including a Special Bird Protection Area and Special Areas of Conservation.

Designation date: 2015


Regional network:  EuroMAB and IberoMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 48,727 ha

    • Core area(s): 1,973 ha (terrestrial: 1,402 ha; marine: 572 ha)
    • Buffer zone(s): 9,335 ha (terrestrial: 9,052 ha; marine: 283 ha)
    • Transition zone(s): 37,418 ha (terrestrial: 5,038 ha; marine: 32,380 ha)

    Location: 28°33’48”N – 16°12’04”E

    Administrative Authorities 

    Área de Medio Ambiente, Sostenibilidad y Aguas. Cabildo de Tenerife
    Pabellón Insular Santiago Martín 
    Calle las Macetas s/n, 2ªplanta 
    38108 La Laguna 
    Tenerife, Islas Canarias

    Tel.: +34 922239914

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    Ecological Characteristics

    From a geological point of view the massif is one of the oldest areas on the island with rocks dating back 7 million to 9 million years. Over this long period the area has experienced cycles of volcanic and erosive activity, the result of which is a rich geological and geomorphological mosaic.





    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    In total, 22.249 people live permanently in the area of the reserve. All residents are concentrated in the transition area. Historically, agriculture, livestock farming (especially goat breeding), forestry and fishing have been the main economic activities, dating back to the first human settlements. The advent of tourism in the 1960s, better offers of revenue, and a reduction in the number of schools resulted in the migration of the population from rural areas to the closest urban areas (Santa Cruz, La Laguna). The reserve represents an opportunity to promote this culture heritage combined with the development of tourism in a sustainable manner.



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    Last updated: February 2019