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Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic

Situated in South Moravia, about 35 km south of Brno and next to the Austrian and Slovak borders. The Pavlov hills consisting of limestone cliffs and steep slopes, covered with steppes, forests and grasslands, are the dominant landscape features, however a considerable part has also been transformed into arable land and vineyards.

Designation date: 1986


Regional network:  EuroMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 24,240 ha

    • Core area(s): 6,406 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 9,000 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 8,834 ha

    Location: 48°46'34,42"N - 16°48'50,04"E

    Administrative Authorities

    The Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve, public benefit company
    Zamecke namesti 69  
    691 44 Lednice
    Czech Republic 

    Tel.: N/A

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The northeastern part of the biosphere reserve is situated in the flat alluvium of the Dyje River which is now mostly converted into agricultural land with some remnants of floodplain meadows and forests.

    The southern and eastern parts are characterised by arable land. The largest mid-European area of hard-wood alluvial forests and continental flood-plain meadows (some 8000ha) is preserved in the triangle between the town of Bureclav, the village of Tynec and the confluence of the Morava and Dyje Rivers.

    The central part of the Biosphere Reserve is made up of a depression occupied by fishponds (shallow, artificial lakes). The core area is identical with zone 1 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and smaller protected areas outside this. The buffer zone consists of zone 2 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly forested areas outside. The transition area composes zones 3 and 4 of the Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly agricultural land outside.

    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    About 20,000 people live mostly in the transition area of the biosphere reserve (2003). They are mainly engaged in agriculture, wine production, fish-farming, forestry, and small-scale industry. Tourism and recreation has increasingly become an alternative source of income. The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape World Heritage Site (1996) lies in the transition area. There are two Ramsar Sites in the Biosphere Reserve: Lednice fishponds (1990) and Flood Plain of the Lower Dyje River (1993).





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    Last updated: April 2019