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Five-country Biosphere Reserve Mura-Drava-Danube (Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Serbia, Slovenia)

The first biosphere reserve to connect five countries in the world encompasses the largest and best-preserved river system in Central Europe and aims to create a model of international cooperation for river basin management, while building bridges between people and nature. It brings together the Lower Mura Valley Biosphere Reserve (Austria), the Mura-Drava-Danube Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Croatia and Hungary), the Bačko Podunavlje Biosphere Reserve (Serbia) and the Mura River Biosphere Reserve (Slovenia). 

Designation date: 2021

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Regional network:  EuroMab

Serbia-Hungary: Active SEnsor monitoring Network (SeNS Wetland) 
Hungaru-Austria: Interreg Project Pannonian Nature Network plus “PaNaNet+” 

Ecosystem-based network: 





    Surface : 931,820 ha

    • Core area: 500 ha 
    • Buffer zone: 32,739 ha 
    • Transition zone: 874,043 ha

    Location: 45°59’23"N - 17°34’46’’E

    Administrative Authorities

    Austria: Amt der Steierm.rkischen Landesregierung 

    Croatia: Ministry of Environment and Energy 

    Hungary: BfNPD Nemzeti Park Igazgat.s.g 

    Serbia: Institute for Nature Conservation of Vojvodina Province 

    Slovenia: Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning 

    Dr. Günter Köck
    Austrian MAB National Committee
    Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
    1010 Wien
    Tel.: + 43 1 526 13 01

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The area encompasses the largest and best-preserved natural river system in Central Europe and covers an area centred around the Danube and the Mura and Drava tributaries, stretching from the Alps through the Carpathian Basin to the foothills of the Balkan Mountains and linking a network of 13 major protected areas.  

    This unique river system provides essential ecosystem services and is essential for the survival of characteristic habitats and species.





    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    It is home to about 900,000 people (2021) and local businesses focus mainly on agriculture, fishing, forest, renewable energy, mobility, gravel and sand extraction and tourism.
    Some local brands are produced in the transboundary biosphere reserve, for example, Sombor cheese is traditionally made from the milk of sheep that graze on the biodiversity rich alkaline meadows in the surroundings of Sombor. 





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    Back to World Network of Biosphere Reserves

    Last updated: January 2021