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Chernomorskiy Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine

Chernomorskiy (Russian for ‘Black Sea’) Biosphere Reserve is situated on the northern coast of the Black Sea about 45 km south-west of the city of Kherson. It represents shallow coastal, estuarine and inland wetlands as well as marshes, shallow coastal bays, dune systems, halophytic seaside steppe and forest-steppe, which was once common in this region.

Designation date: 1984


Regional network:  EuroMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 89,129 ha

    • Core area(s): 89,129 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: 46°07' to 46°33'N; 31°36' to 32°18'E

    Administrative Authorities 

    Black Sea Biosphere Reserve
    Lermontov st., 1,
    t. Gola Pristan, 75600
    Kherson region

    Tel.: +38 05539 26757

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    Ecological Characteristics

    In territory of the Reserve a unique natural complexes are presented: Azonal sandy forest-steppe on arenas of the Low Dnieper; Seaside solonetzic desertificated steppe; Complex of coast - and islands; Nature-aqual complexes of shallow-water bays and Black Sea.

    A variety of ecological conditions have caused riches of flora and fauna. In the Reserve grows in nature condition more than 700 species of floral plants, inhabits up to 3000 species Invertebrate animals.

    Here 457 species of vertebrate animals are totaled: about 80 kinds of fishes, 5 kinds of amphibians, 9 - reptiles, 306 - birds, 53 species of ground and water mammals. More than 50 % of species are protected by the Bern convention, introduce in the European red list, in the Red book of Ukraine

    The Black Sea biosphere reserve - one of the most interesting place the defense land nature of the Europe, the standard of natural complexes of the south of Ukraine, the center of endemism, a place of preservation of many rare and protected species of plants and animals.


    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    The important kinds of economic activities around the biosphere reserve borders are cattle breeding, forestry, salt extraction and irrigation farming. A nature museum provides environmental education activities to children and the general public. The biosphere reserve also coordinates a Children's Ecological Society.


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    Last updated: February 2019