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Wudalianchi Biosphere Reserve, China

Located in the extreme north-eastern part of the country, the Wudalianchi area is marked by relatively recent volcanism. Rich diversity of plants dating from the tertiary period forms a high conservation value. The reserve is an ideal research site for geology, seismology and geomorphology. It is also known for its rich heritage, cultural and customs significance. Eco-tourism and green food are promoted by local authorities, with a high involvement of local community. Young people and women are encouraged to participate in the development of the reserve.

Designation date: 2003

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Regional network: East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN)

Ecosystem-based network:




    Surface : 145,750 ha

    • Core area(s) : 84,910 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 32,880 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 27,960 ha

    Location: 28°22'N - 100°13'E

    Administrative authorities

    Yading National Nature Reserve
    Daocheng county
    Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
    Sichuan 627750

    Tel.: +86 836-5728888

    Email: N/A

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    Ecological Characteristics

    Located in the extreme north-eastern part of the country, Wudalianchi Biosphere Resrerve is marked by relatively recent volcanism. In the landscape with a total area of 1,060 km2, there are 14 new and old volcanos, which erupted in different ages, ranging from prehistoric 200 years to 290 years ago. Among them, Mount Laohei and Mount Huoshaos are youngest volcanoes in China. Due to a mix of older and more recently erupted volcanic areas, the site is an ideal place in which to conduct researches on the succession of pioneer plants on barren land.

    The conservation value derives from rich diversity of plants dating from the tertiary period. Up to date, a total of 976 species of plants, involving 143 families, 428 genuses, have been recognized and verified. Such rare species as manchurian walnut (Juglans mandshurica Maxim), northeast China ash (Fraximus mahdshurica Rupr), obtuse leaf Poisson (Orostachys malacophyllus), amur corktree (Phellodendron amurense Rupr), wild Soybean (Glycine soja sieb; Zucc) and so on are found here. 89 families and 396 kinds of animals live here including national rare species such as bustard (Otis tardadybouskii), merganser (Nyroca baeri), Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) and so on.


    Socio-economic characteristics

    Tourism plays an important role in the reserve, primarily relying on cold water springs, spas and local natural scenery. Environment-friendly green food has been cultivated through organic methods. In particular, rice is irrigated by mineral waters rich in trace elements that are necessary for the human body. About 56,308 people live in the biosphere reserve, having created rich heritage, cultural and customs significance. Buddhist temples, statues, frescoes, gardens and folk festivals contribute to the social and economic well-being.

    There is a total of 48 different projects implemented in the Reserve, which facilitate the development of water processing industry, health care industry, tourism and mineral agricultural products. An educational museum featuring volcanism has been constructed. Young people and women are highly engaged in the policies and development of the reserve. Seminars, consultation and various activities are organized to encourage local community’s involvement.


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    Last updated: July 2019