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Panna Biosphere Reserve, India

Panna Biosphere Reserve falls in bio-geographic zones of Deccan Peninsula and Biotic Province of Central highlands . It comprises effectively protected and minimally disturbed areas. The areas have different landuses, forests, agriculture, water bodies, settlements and wasteland which provide ample scope for research and management.

Panna Biosphere Reserve area is the habitat of various rare and endangered species. Panna National Park has also been declared as Panna Tiger Reserve, apart from this the entire area of Panna national Park and 3 parts of Gangau Sanctuary have also been notified as Critical Tiger Habitat Area.

Designation date: 2020

Photo gallery ǀ  Press release


Regional network: South and Central Asia MAB Network (SACAM)

Ecosystem-based network:




    Surface : 299,898 ha

    • Core area(s) : 79,253 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 98,720 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 121,925 ha

    Location: 240 15’ 8” to 250 00’ N; 790 30’ to 800 30’E

    Administrative authorities

    Mr. Jitendra Singh Raje,
    Executuve Director EPCO & Director, BR
    Paryavaran Parisar, E-5 Arera Colony
    Bhopal – 462001 (Madhya Pradesh) - India

    Tel.: +91 0755 – 2466859


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    Ecological Characteristics

    The Panna Biosphere Reserve in India encompasses Panna National Park, three sections of the Gangau Sanctuary (I, III and IV) and the Reserved and Protected Forests of the North Panna Forest Division.

    The Panna Tiger Reserve is one of the most critical in North Central Highlands for protecting the Bengal Tiger(Panthera tigris tigris). Other 2 species of cats claim this region as their home; the Siyah Gosh (Felis caracal) and Jungle cat (Felis chaus). The avifauna in this region is rich with over 280 species recorded. The Ken River is a beautiful location to witness the beautiful and skilled songster that is the Indian Paradise Flycatcher(Terpsiphone paradisi). The site is characterized by forests, seasonal as well as aquatic, and marshy vegetation.


    Socio-economic characteristics

    The Panna Biosphere Reserve encompasses nearly 300 villages. The diversity of the forest aids in the livelihood of the inhabitants with medicinal plants, and secondary products such as Kattha, Gum and resins that are collected from the forest.

    Sustainable development can be seen through activities like agriculture, horticulture, forestry, cultural and eco-tourism.

    The major ethnic groups are Gond, Khairuas, and Yadavas. The Panna Biosphere reserve is nestled peacefully in its magnificent mementoes of a glorious past and marvels of ancient and medieval architecture, Panna is the most sacrosanct pilgrimage for the followers of the Pranami sect world over. They believe that like fragrance is to a flower, Prannathji, the manifestation of Aksharatita Brahman, is ever present in Gummatiji temple invisibly.


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    Last updated: November 2020