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Mount Myohyang Biosphere Reserve, Democratic People's Republic of Korea

The Mt. Myohyang Biosphere Reserve covers the mountain areas of Myohyang Mountain Range and Jokyuryong Mountain Range on the left bank of River Chongchon. The Myohyang Mountains debouch from Mt. Rangrim and stretch northeastward and southwestward, sprawling on the border of South Phyongan Province and link Mt. Myohyang Piro Peak (1,909m) almost to Mt. Sobak (2014m above sea level).

Designation date: 2009


Regional network: EABRN

Ecosystem-based network: Mountains




    Surface : 74,501 ha

    • Core area(s): N/A
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    MAB National Committee
    State Academy of Sciences
    Kinmaul1-dong, Moranbong District
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    Tel.: (850.2) 318111 ext. 381 88544

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The Mt. Myohyang Biosphere Reserve covers the mountain areas of Myohyang Mountain Range and Jokyuryong Mountain Range on the left bank of River Chongchon.

    The Mt. Myohyang Biosphere Reserve is enclosed by river or residential districts in east, west and south and only the north is linked with mountain range forming the ecological corridor.

    The highest elevation above sea level is 1909m and the lowest is 100m.

    The biosphere reserve has unique landscape with rock cliffs of granite-greiss of Cenozonic era formed by ages –old erosion, as well as perennial streams fed by waterfalls.

    Myohyang Mountain Range stretched along River Chongchonin one direction and another to the direction of west centering Piro Peak. The soil is dark brown forest soilformed mainly by granite and granite-greiss.

    It is the continental climate with clearly distinguished four seasons. A dry season and rainy one are clear. A typical monsoon blows across the mountain.


    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    There is no inhabitant living within the core area. 18,400 peoples are living in buffer zone while 73,800 in transition area. Economic activities are mainly conducted in buffer zone and the transition area of the proposed Biosphere Reserve.

    Tourism is the main activity in buffer zone while the agriculture is the main economic activity in transition area. The main crops are rice, maize, vegetables and fruits. There is no ethnic group or indigenous people living in orne are the proposed biosphere reserve other than Korean.

    Mt.Myohyang has the International Friendship Exhibition, the grand monumental edifice and the cultural heritages including Pohyon Temple, which was built in 1042.

    From ancient times, Mt. Myohyang has been known as asacred and famous mountain, which had an ancestral legend of King Tangun, the progenitor of the Korean nationand one of the eight beauty spots in Korea.

    The lands are managed by “the Law on land of DPRK” and state-owned. The Mt. Myohyang Nature Reserve was designated on 25 March 1959 by Cabinet Dicision No. 29 and as natural park on June 17th, 2003 by Cabinet ratification no. 1063.

    The conservation and management agencies are regionally connected through the local governments and carry out theorders of government authorities. The Mt. Myohyang Scenic Spot Management Unit, Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Land and Environment Protection, County People’s Committee of Hyangsan, Nyengwon, Kugang and Huichon City.  



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    Last updated: August 2019