Building peace in the minds of men and women

Mount Paekdu Biosphere Reserve, Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Mount Paekdu Biosphere Reserve is situated at the border to the People’s Republic of China and shares the volcano mountain and mountain forest ecosystem with Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve in China.

Designation date: 1989


Regional network: EABRN

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 132,000 ha

    • Core area(s): N/A
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Dr. Ho Man-Sok
    Institute of Business Management
    Academy of Forestry Science
    Anhak-dong, Taesong District
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    Tel.: (850-2) 18111 ext. 381 8544

    Website ǀ Facebook ǀ Twitter

    Ecological Characteristics

    Mt. Paekdu lava plateau has been formed by first volcanic eruption and the Mt. Paekdu and Mt. Potae were made on it by the second eruption. Larch forest ecosystem dominated with Larix olgensis var. Koreana has been developed on the thick layers of pumice by first eruption from the volcanic forest ecosystem dominated with Picea-Abies species and has been developed on the main volcanic area formed by the second ruption. It has rich plant species variation including 830 species of higher plant, 274 Bryophyta, 190 Lichenes and 370 Fungus. It has rich animal species variation including 243 species, 155 genuses, 72 families.

    In April 1946, it was designated as Mt. Paekdu Plant Reserve. In March 1958, it became the Mt. Paekdu Nature Reserve. In 1976, 14,000 ha in the central part of Mt. Paekdu area were designated as nature reserve. In 1985, it was designated 15,880 ha in battle site district as Mt. Paekdu Special Reserve.


    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Most activities are related to tourism.



    Back to Biosphere Reserves in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
    Back to Biosphere Reserves in Asia and the Pacific
    Back to World Network of Biosphere Reserves

    Last updated: August 2019