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Maolan Biosphere Reserve, China

Maolan Biosphere Reserve is situated in the Guizhou Province in south-east China. The region is famous for its virgin forest that is well preserved on the karst landscape, in the middle subtropical zone of China. 

Designation date: 1996

Photo gallery ǀ  Press release


Regional network: East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN)

Ecosystem-based network:




    Surface : 21,330 ha

    • Core area(s) : 8,350 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 8,130 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 4,850 ha

    Location: 25°09' to 25°20'N; 107°52' to 108°05'E

    Administrative authorities

    Maolan National Nature Reserve Bureau
    Libo County
    558400 Guizhou Province

    Tel.: +86 854 361 0676


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    Ecological Characteristics

    The main habitats of the Maolan Biosphere Reserve include subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest, subtropical evergreen and deciduous broadleaf mixed forest, agroecosystems (with rice, rape, sweet potato and medicinal plants) and forestry ecosystems. The fauna is rich with many rare or endangered species including forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii), rhesus monkey (Macaca mulata) and the south China tiger (Panthera tigris). 





    Socio-economic characteristics

    The landscape with its Karst springs, streams and ponds attract about 60,000 visitors per year (1994). About 4,300 people of six ethnic origins (Shui, Buyi, Yao, Miao, Han and Zhuang) live in the biosphere reserve (1994). They are mostly making their living from agriculture and forestry.


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    Last updated: July 2019